Der Orchideengarten  

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"...there was the obscure and now rather rare German magazine, Der Orchideengarten, which flourished for only three years, from 1919 till 1921. This large-format magazine (similar to the pulp 'bedsheet') must surely rank as one of the most beautiful fantasy magazines ever published. Its 51 issues...featured an impressive gallery of fantastic art, ranging from reproductions of medieval woodcuts, and the work of established masters of macabre drawing like Gustave Dore or Tony Johannot, to contemporary German artists like Rolf von Hoerschelmann, Otto Linnekogel, Karl Ritter, Heinrich Kley, or Alfred Kubin.... The fiction, however, was mixed; the new German fantasy stories were usually somewhat pedestrian, although contributing authors included Karl Hans Strobl [also the editor, along with Alf von Czibulka], H. H. Schmitz and Leo Perutz, but the magazine also printed a wide selection of fantastic stories by famous foreign authors such as Dickens, Pushkin, Charles Nodier, Maupassant, Poe, Voltaire, Gautier, Washington Irving, Hawthorne, Valerii Briusov, H. G. Wells, Karel and Josef Capek, Victor Hugo, and others equally prominent.... Although two issues of Der Orchideengarten were devoted to detective stories, and one to erotic stories about cuckolds, it was a genuine fantasy magazine." --Fantasy Book (1978), Franz Rottensteiner

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Der Orchideengarten ('The Orchids-garden'; subtitled Phantastische Blätter or 'Fantastic Pages') was a German magazine that was published for 51 issues from January, 1919 until November, 1921. Founded four years before the American magazine Weird Tales was initiated in March 1923, it is considered to be the first fantasy magazine. Also described as largely 'supernatural horror', it was edited by World War I correspondent and freelance writer Karl Hans Strobl and Alfons von Czibulka, published by Dreiländerverlag. It had 24 pages per issue printed on rough book paper.

The magazine included a wide selection of new and reprinted stories by both German-language and foreign writers. The main source of the translated material Der Orchideengarteen published was French literature; Der Orchideengarten published works by such authors as Voltaire, Charles Nodier, Guy de Maupassant, Théophile Gautier, Victor Hugo, Villiers de l'Isle-Adam and Guillaume Apollinaire. Other noted writers such as Apuleius, Charles Dickens, Pushkin, Edgar Allan Poe, Washington Irving, Amelia Edwards, Nathaniel Hawthorne, H. G. Wells, Valery Bryusov and Karel and Josef Čapek were all published in Der Ochideengarten.

German language writers for the magazine included Strobl, H.H. Schmizt, Leo Perutz and Alexander Moritz Frey, as well as reprinted stories by E. T. A. Hoffmann. Illustrations included reproductions of medieval woodcuts and pictures by Gustave Dore and Tony Johannot, as well as contemporary artists such as Rolf von Hoerschelmann (1885–1947), Otto Linnekogel (1892–1981), Karl Ritter (1888-?), Heinrich Kley, Alfred Kubin, Eric Godal (1899–1969), Carl Rabus, (1898–1982) (famous for his work in the magazine Jugend) Otto Nückel and Max Schenke (1891–1957).

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Der Orchideengarten" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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