E. M. Forster  

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"He continues: "In the light of an intensely spiritualized yet nervous and partly embittered homosexuality, a number of Forster's most famous dicta — it is better to betray one's country than a friend, 'only connect' — take on a more restricted, shriller ambiance" (169). In ways that corroborate Steiner's reading, Forster avowed to Siegfried Sassoon in 1920: "Nothing is more obdurate to artistic treatment than the carnal" (SL 1:316). This statement partly clarifies the subtle enigmas of "Arthur ..."--Queer Forster - Robert K. Martin, ‎George Piggford - 1997

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Edward Morgan Forster (1 January 1879 – 7 June 1970) was an English fiction writer, essayist and librettist. Many of his novels examine class difference and hypocrisy, including A Room with a View (1908), Howards End (1910) and A Passage to India (1924).

Forster was gay, but this fact was not made public during his lifetime. His posthumously released novel Maurice tells of the coming of age of an explicitly gay male character.


Notable works by Forster


Short stories

Plays and pageants

  • Abinger Pageant (1934)
  • England's Pleasant Land (1940)

Film scripts


Collections of essays and broadcasts

Literary criticism


  • Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson (1934)
  • Marianne Thornton, A Domestic Biography (1956)

Travel writing

  • Alexandria: A History and Guide (1922)
  • Pharos and Pharillon (A Novelist's Sketchbook of Alexandria Through the Ages) (1923)
  • The Hill of Devi (1953)

Miscellaneous writings

  • Selected Letters (1983–85)
  • Commonplace Book (facsimile ed. 1978; edited by Philip Gardner, 1985)
  • Locked Diary (2007) (held at King's College, Cambridge)
  • Arctic Summer (novel fragment, written in 1912–13, published posthumously in 2003)
  • Rooksnest (1894 and 1901), a description by Forster of his childhood home, on which he based Howards End.<ref>Appendix to Penguin English Library edition of Howards End. London 1983.</ref>

Notable films and drama based upon Forster's fiction

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