Earthenware  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Earthenware is a common ceramic material, which is used extensively for pottery tableware and decorative objects.

Types of earthenware

Although body formulations vary between countries and even between individual makers, a generic composition is 25% ball clay, 28% kaolin, 32% quartz, and 15% feldspar. Earthenware is one of the oldest materials used in pottery. While red earthenware made from red clays is very familiar and recognizable, white and buff colored earthenware clays are also commercially available and commonly used.

Earthenware may sometimes be as thin as bone china and other porcelains, though it is not translucent and is more easily chipped. It is also less strong, less tough, and more porous than stoneware, but is less expensive and easier to work. Due to its higher porosity, earthenware must usually be glazed in order to be watertight.

There are several types of earthenware, including

Firing

Earthenware is commonly biscuit (or "bisque") fired to temperatures between 1000 and 1150 °C (1800 and 2100 °F), and glost-fired (or "glaze-fired") from Template:Convert. However examples of the reverse — low biscuit and high glost firing — can also be found: this can be popular with some studio potters where biscuit temperatures may be Template:Convert with glost temperatures in the range of Template:Convert. The exact temperature will be influenced by the raw materials used and the desired characteristics of the finished ware. The higher firing temperatures are likely to cause earthenware to bloat. After firing, the body is porous and opaque with colors ranging from white to red depending on the raw materials used.

See also





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Earthenware" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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