Essai d'une distribution généalogique des Sciences et des Arts principaux  

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Essai d'une distribution généalogique des Sciences et des Arts principaux[1][2][3] (Essay on a Genealogical Distribution of the Primary Sciences and Arts) is the title of an illustration representing a genealogical distribution of knowledge based on the French Encyclopédie from 1780. It is a very large engraving designed by Chrétien Frédéric Guillaume Roth and engraved by Robert Bénard, an artist who had been one of the two principal engravers of the Encyclopédie since 1754.

Measuring 985 x 635 mm, this piece, shaped like a giant plant with cactus-like leaves, was published as a fold-out frontispiece in volume 1 of Pierre Mouchon's Table analytique et raisonnée des matières contenues dans les XXXIII volumes in-folio du Dictionnaire des sciences, des arts et des métiers and in its supplement, Supplément à l'Encyclopédie (Paris, Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, 1780).

This taxonomy of human knowledge based on Diderot's Encyclopédie has also been represented by Jean le Rond d'Alembert and Diderot himself in what's called the "Figurative system of human knowledge".

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