Fanny Kaplan  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Fanya Yefimovna Kaplan (Template:Lang-ru; real name Feiga Haimovna Roytblat, Template:Lang; February 10, 1890 – September 3, 1918) was a Ukrainian-Jewish revolutionary who tried to assassinate Vladimir Lenin.

As a member of the Socialist Revolutionaries (SRs), Kaplan viewed Lenin as a ‘traitor to the revolution’, when his Bolsheviks banned her party. On 30 August 1918, she approached Lenin as he was leaving a Moscow factory, and fired three shots, badly injuring him. Interrogated by the Cheka, she refused to name any accomplices, and was shot on 3 September. The Kaplan attempt and Moisei Uritsky assassination provoked Soviet government to resume death penalty after its abolition on October 28th of 1917.

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