From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1848 - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish the Communist Manifesto.
- 1888 - Vincent van Gogh arrives in Arles, France.
- 1965 - Malcolm X is assassinated in New York City by members of the Nation of Islam.
- 1801 - John Henry Newman, English Catholic cardinal (d. 1890)
- 1815 - Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier, French Classicist painter and sculptor (d. 1891)
- 1903 - Anaïs Nin, French writer (d. 1977)
- 1903 - Raymond Queneau, French poet and novelist (d. 1976)
- 1907 - W. H. Auden, English poet (d. 1973)
- 1925 - Sam Peckinpah, American director (d. 1984)
- 1933 - Bob Rafelson, American film director, writer and producer (Five Easy Pieces)
- 1933 - Nina Simone, American singer (d. 2003)
- 1942 - Chris von Wangenheim, German-born fashion photographer (d. 1981)
- 1945 - Rafał Olbiński, Polish graphic artist, stage designer and surrealist painter
- 1949 - Jerry Harrison, American musician (Talking Heads)
- 1954 - Mike Pickering, English disc jockey and musician (Quando Quango, M People)
- 1962 - Chuck Palahniuk, American writer
- 1962 - David Foster Wallace, American writer (d. 2008)
- 1677 - Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (b. 1632)
- 1901 - Henry Peach Robinson, British pioneer photographer and pioneer of photomontage (b. 1830)
- 1960 - Jacques Becker, French film director and screenwriter (b. 1906)
- 1965 - Malcolm X, American black activist (b. 1925)
- 1967 - Charles Beaumont, American writer (b. 1929)
- 1982 - Gershom Scholem, German-born Jewish philosopher and historian (b. 1897)
- 1991 - Dame Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (b. 1919)
- 2008 - Joe Gibbs, Jamaican record producer (b. 1943)
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