Freedman  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

A freedman is a former slave who has been manumitted or emancipated. The first means the freeing of an individual by the owner, often through deed or will, and sometimes by legislative petition. The second more often refers to a general freeing of a certain group within a society.

While technically freedmen may be a feature of all slave-holding societies, where some slaves are freed, the term is most associated with the history of the United States. It is used to refer to the more than four million slaves freed by the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, state legislation, and ratification of the 13th Amendment.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Freedman" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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