Giuseppe Terragni  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Giuseppe Terragni (april 18, 1904 - july 19, 1943) was an Italian architect who worked primarily under the fascist regime of Mussolini and pioneered the Italian modern movement under the rubric of Rationalism. One of his more famous works is the Casa del Fascio built in Como, northern Italy, which was begun in 1932 and completed in 1936; it was originally built in accordance with the International Style of architecture.

Biography

Giuseppe Terragni was born in Meda, Lombardy.

He attended the Technical College in Como then studied architecture at the Milan Polytechnic. In 1927 he and his brother Atiilia opened an office in Como. They remained in practice until Giuseppe's death during the war.

A pioneer of the modern movement in Italy, Terragni produced some of its most significant buildings. A founding member of the fascist Gruppo 7 and a leading Italian Rationalist, Terragni fought to move architecture away from neo-classical and neo-baroque revivalism. In 1926 he and other progressive members of Gruppo 7 issued the manifesto that made them the leaders in the fight against revivalism.

In a career that lasted only 13 years, Terragni created a small but remarkable group of designs; most of them are built in Como, which was one of the center of Modern Movement in Italy. These works form the nucleus of the language of Italian rationalist or modernistic architecture. In his last designs, Terragni achieved a more distinctive Mediterranean character through the fusion of modern theory and tradition.

Terragni died in Como in 1943.



Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Giuseppe Terragni" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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