Greek mythology in popular culture  

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Elements of Greek mythology have appeared many times in popular culture.



  • In Dante's The Divine Comedy, Antaeus is a giant who guards the ninth circle of Hell, and lowers Dante and Virgil down to the iced-over Cocytus.
  • One of the stories of the Tanglewood Tales features Antaeus and the Pygmies (Chapter: "The Pygmies").
  • Antaeus was mentioned in the film The Great Debaters as a metaphor for growing stronger when one loses.
  • Антей (Antaeus in Russian) is the original name of both the Oscar-II class submarine and the Antonov An-22 transport aircraft.
  • There was a literary magazine, edited by Daniel Halpern, named Antaeus.
  • Antaeus is the title of a short story by the American novelist Borden Deal.
  • Rick Riordan (Author of the Percy Jackson books) uses Antaeus in Percy Jackson and the Battle of the Labyrinth; he describes him as fully red with wave patterns etched into his skin and teeth.
  • The Irish poet Seamus Heaney wrote two poems about Antaeus in his book 'North'
  • There are two comic book characters named after Antaeus, see Antaeus (comics)
  • Antaeus is the name of the battlecruiser/aircraft carrier in the PC game Hostile Waters (game)
  • Antaeus is the name of a men's Eau de Toilette by Chanel launched in 1981
  • The Antaeus myth features heavily in the Pat Barker novel Regeneration as a metaphor for men psychologically disturbed in World War One
  • The British prog-rock band Pure Reason Revolution have referenced Antaeus in the lyrics for their song 'Trembling Willows': "Songs of love & inflamed lips peristyle/Sold Antaeus darts!"
  • There is a new paraglider model, a high-end intermediate/performance glider name Antea by the Czech paragliding brand SKY. They tend to name gliders after characters of Greek mythology, like Brontes, one of the cyclopses
  • In chapter 57 of the Margaret Mitchell novel Gone with the Wind, Rhett says of Scarlett's relationship to Tara plantation (where she has gone to recover from a serious injury), "Sometimes I think she's like the giant Antaeus who became stronger each time he touched Mother Earth. It doesn't do for Scarlett to stay away too long from the patch of red mud she loves."
  • Antaeus was used by ADM Hyman G. Rickover as a metaphor for engineers who sometimes become isolated from the world around them. "... the Devil is in the details, but so is salvation."
  • Antaeus is mentioned in Neal Stephenson's 1999 novel Cryptonomicon as well as in his 2003 novel Quicksilver.
  • The Antaeus Brotherhood is a fictional organization in the novel The Anubis Gates by Tim Powers in which they protect 17th century London from "Sorcerous treason" relying on a connection with the ground (wearing an iron chain fixed to their ankle and dragging behind) to negate magical attacks.
  • Antaeus is also mentioned in Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451.
  • Antaeus is referenced in The Devils of Loudun by Aldous Huxley.
  • Antaeus is a character in Stargate SG-1. He belongs to the Nox race and was portrayed by Armin Shimerman.

The Argonauts

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation featured Jason and the Argonauts in its children's radio broadcasting in Australia. "The Argonauts' Club" ran from 1933 until its closure on 2 April 1972. Children listened to the afternoon radio program and interacted with the presenters, whose leader was "Jason", by sending in stories, poems, and art works, some of which were described on air. Their interaction helped them gain status within the organisation, such as the Order of the Dragon's Tooth and the Order of the Golden Fleece; but children were always only known by their Ship and number (Oar) in its crew. The format was devised initially by author Nina Murdoch. The longest serving presenter, and "Jason" throughout the show's run, was Athol Fleming who died in May 1972.

Also, The Argonauts are referenced in the They Might Be Giants song "Birdhouse in Your Soul". Kate Bush also refers to argonauts on various songs. Metal band, 3 Inches of Blood reference the Argonauts in their song "The Hydra's Teeth". Warwick Lobban also referenced the Argonauts in his song "The Prospective Argonaut".

XTC's outstanding 1982 album English Settlement features the song "Jason and the Argonauts".

Argos (dog)

  • The main character in the Lost tie-in novel Bad Twin shares a dog named Argos with his old classics professor.
  • In The Venture Bros. episode Escape to the House of Mummies Part II, Doctor Byron Orpheus' demonic mentor means to appear as 'Argos' to teach the doctor a lesson. But, as Orpheus correctly identifies, his form is actually that of Cerberus.
  • In the Futurama episode "Jurassic Bark" Fry's faithful dog, Seymour, waits at the pizzeria Fry worked at before being frozen for a thousand years. A montage scene elapses, to the tune of "I Will Wait For You" by The Umbrellas of Cherbourg, wherein Seymour, never wavering, waits for many years through rain, snow and seasons for his master to return. The Seymour's story, and much of Fry's journey, mirror the story of Odysseus and his faithful dog.
  • In the director's cut of the Hollywood adaptation Troy, during Odyssues' introduction, he speaks of missing his dog while away at war. Though the dog's name is never mentioned, it can be assumed the dog was, in fact, Argos.


  • In Dan Simmons' science-fiction novel Olympos, both Odysseus and Circe appear as themselves in a plot line of narrative fiction that draws upon The Odyssey.
  • In the second book of the epic poem The Faerie Queene, Edmund Spenser based Sir Guyon's antagonist Acrasia on Circe, both being witches who change the form of their victims into lower animals such as swine.
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne retold the story of Circe in his Tanglewood Tales.
  • The Victorian poet Augusta Webster (1837-1894) wrote a blank verse dramatic monologue titled "Circe" (1870), in which the sorceress anticipates her meeting with Ulysses and his men. She insists that she does not turn men into pigs—she merely takes away the disguise that makes them seem human.
  • In James Joyce's Ulysses, the fifteenth chapter, known as the "Circe" episode, offers as Circe's equivalent the brothel madam, Bella Cohen.
  • In Ernest Hemingway's early novel The Sun Also Rises, Robert Cohn refers to the Lady Ashley as Circe, saying she "turns men into swine."
  • In John Myers Myers's 1949 novel Silverlock, Circe turns the main character into a pig due to his proclivity for food and fornication.
  • In 2000, British poet Carol Ann Duffy wrote a poem entitled Circe.
  • American choreographer Martha Graham created a 1963 ballet entitled Circe, with score by Alan Hovhaness
  • Circe is also mentioned in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, as a famous witch, and in A Great and Terrible Beauty (Libba Bray) as one of the characters.
  • Circe appeared in the cartoon Ulysses 31 where she attempted to build a tower that would house all the knowledge of the universe, thus making her more powerful than the gods.
  • In DC Comics, Circe is a constant and deadly foe of Wonder Woman, while in Marvel Comics, the immortal Eternal superheroine Sersi is said to be the basis for Homer's Circe in the Marvel Universe.
  • In Rick Riordan's novel The Sea of Monsters Circe turns Percy Jackson into a guinea pig (she says that they are "much more convenient" than real pigs), and his friend Annabeth Chase uses magical multivitamins (the equivalent of moly) to restore Percy to his true form.
  • A variation of the theme of Odysseus and Circe is also to be found in Philip K. Dick's short story "Beyond Lies the Wub", with the protagonist explicitly referring to the Odysseus myth.
  • In the Hayao Miyazaki film Spirited Away, when Chihiro's parents eat the feast of Yubaba, they are transformed into pigs.
  • The 2003 Radio Tales drama "Homer's Odyssey: Voyage to the Underworld" is a dramatic retelling of the portion of Homer's epic poem featuring Circe, followed by the voyage to Hades to consult with the prophet Teiresias.


He appears in Hercules and Xena the Animated Movie: The Battle for Mount Olympus where he is depicted as the Wind Titan.


  • In Nirvana's In Utero liner notes, Kurt Cobain lists the people he thanks, including 'the goddess Demeter'. On the back of the album there are some symbols related to Demeter.
  • In Bram Stoker's novel Dracula, the sailing ship Demeter is taken over and its crew killed by the Count before running aground on the English coast.
  • Demeter appeared in the 1997 Disney movie, Hercules and the animated series based on it, as one of the gods upon Mount Olympus.
  • Demeter is also one of the poems in Carol Ann Duffy's collection The World's Wife.
  • Demeter (together with Dionysius) was used as an archetype for the character Tori by contemporary artist Tori Amos in her 2007 album American Doll Posse. Amos created five personalities for the album, each representing a different Greek god or goddess.
  • In the computer game Zeus: Master of Olympus, Demeter is one of the gods to whom the player can build a temple. The completion of the sanctuary to Demeter provides the city with arable farmland suitable for raising crops or livestock; the goddess provides blessings and sanctification of buildings associated with produce, and can be appealed to for a supply of food.
  • In the Konami game for the MSX computer The Maze of Galious, Demeter is one of the gods the player can visit to buy artifacts which gives extra powers.
  • She is a character in the Percy Jackson & the Olympians series. Here she constantly reprimands Persephone for being foolish enough to eat the fruit of the underworld. She seems to care alot about cereal and agirculture.


Contemporary music

  • Elysium is referenced in progressive metal bandSymphony X's song The Odyssey, which is largely based around the adventures of Odysseus.
  • A song by the American rock band, Clutch, in their song "Burning Beard," features the following lyrics: "The power of the Holy Ghost comes to town / Shadow of the New Praetorian / Tipping cows in fields Elysian / Saturnalia for all you have / The seven habits of the highly infected calf"
  • A song by the British Hip-Hop group Rhyme Asylum titled 'Iller Instinct' contains the lyric

"I hope this beat's flame resistant, when I come off the top I've lost the plot like books with pages missing. I won't break tradition, I'm keeping it real, plant seeds of destruction in the Elysium fields."

  • "Elysian Fields" is the title of a song by the metal band Megadeth from the their album Youthanasia. It is about souls sentenced to eternal damnation fighting to storm heaven.
  • "Elysian Fields" is a song by Irish Post-Rock band God Is An Astronaut from the album A Moment of Stillness. This song is an Instrumental
  • "Elysian Fields" is a New York City-based rock band formed in 1995.
  • Mary Chapin Carpenter's album 'Between Here and Gone' contains the song 'Elysium', where, following a long personal journey, paradise is found in the heart of her soulmate.
  • Elizium is the title of an album by Fields of the Nephilim. The album contains track-titles such as '(Paradise Regained)' and lyrics including "over to the window, where the night has become Elizium for the sleepless souls" and references to "some kind of Heaven" (from 'At the Gates of Silent Memory'); whilst an overall theme of voyages towards a blissful afterlife/otherworld dominates the entire album.
  • Elysium is the title of a dance and happy hardcore music track by Scott Brown (DJ). The chorus line lyrics have potential links to interpersonal, spiritual, and higher-order concepts or ideologies.
  • The track, Elysium, by Scott Brown has remixed by Trance/House group Ultrabeat with additional lyrics and the BPM reduced. That version has then been remixed back into happy hardcore by Scott Brown.
  • Elysium is a song by the Band LostAlone.
  • "Devoured Elysium" is a song by Vital Remains from their album Dechristianize, released in 2003.
  • Portishead has a song entitled Elysium on their 1997 self-titled album.
  • Wings Of Severance has a song called Elysium on their self-titled album.
  • The Velvet Teen's second full-length album was entitled Elysium.
  • In the movie Gladiator, "Elysium" is the name of the song played during Maximus's death. The film shows the character walking through fields of crops. It is ambiguous whether this is supposed to be Elysium or his family farm, it is likely that it represents both.
  • The video to the song "It Means Nothing" by the Stereophonics shows the spirits of the dead in white robes walking through fields of crops to be taken away in hot air balloons
  • David Gray's song The One I Love has the lyrics "Don’t see Elysium, Don’t see no fiery Hell"
  • Hardcore band named Elysia from Sacramento, CA
  • A song titled "Elysium" appears on the album Wonderful by British 90's band Madness
  • A song titled "Elysium" appears on Phoenix, Az rock band Vayden's album - "Children of Our Mistakes"
  • A death-metal Band from Germany called "Elysium"
  • A rock band from Newton, IA is called Elysium.
  • The line "As the sands slowly turn to Elysian Fields" is featured in the song "Sahara" by Finnish metal band Nightwish
  • The line "and cross the river of styx, you will reach elysian fields" is featured in the song "Into the light" by the Hardcore metal band John Doe.
  • The Alaskan metal/post-hardcore band 36 Crazyfists has a song entitled "Elysium" featuring Killswitch Engage singer Howard Jones on their 'Rest Inside the Flames' album.
  • The phrase "Why is it called Elysian Fields when love builds only grief" is featured in the song "The Seer", by Finnish soprano Tarja Turunen, in the album My Winter Storm.
  • Polish black metal band Behemoth mentions an Elysium in their song "Conquer All" in the line "Mightiest self! Cast out ov thy Elysium with blood ov nazarene." And in the song "as above so below" they reference it in the line "art thou nephilim child are you looking for thy elysium here."
  • Swedish pop singer and former A*Teens band member Amit Paul has a song entitled "My Elysium" on his debut solo album "Songs in a Key of Mine."
  • UK Hardcore DJ Scott Brown has a song entitled "Elysium+", found on many Hardcore compilations.
  • Canadian Progressive Death Metal band Into Eternity have a song titled "Elysium Dream" on their 2002 album Dead or Dreaming.
  • A metalcore band called Elysion Fields is from Antioch, Illinois(
  • Swedish melodic death metal Arch Enemy's song "Dead Bury Their Dead" off of the first CD of Wages of Sin, contains the line ... "..I walk through Elysian Fields... the light is shining.. on me!"
  • A sideband of Ann and Nancy Wilson of Heart called "the Lovemongers" recorded a song called "Elysian"
  • Charlotte Church's song "Dream a Dream" from her album of the same name contains the line "We will see... Elysium".
  • A progressive power metal band Into Eternity's song titled "Elysium Dream".
  • A song by singer/songwriter, Davis Howley, entitled "Our Elysium".
  • An album by singer / songwriter, Azam Ali, entitled "Elysium for the Brave".
  • Bristol metalcore band Evita have a song titled "The Elysium Fields"
  • The Branford Marsalis Quartet 1999 album, Requiem, has a song titled "Elysium". The album is the last recording made by the quartet's pianist Kenny Kirkland. Marsalis writes, "This record represents first takes of most of the songs and, unfinished as it is, it is a documentation of what, for me, was one of the most challenging and enduring musical relationships I have ever experienced." Presumably, the title is intended to speak of Kirkland's afterlife experience.


  • In Doctor Who, Davros, creator of the Daleks, was said to have been lost at the Gates of Elysium during the first year of the Time War, when his command ship was swallowed by the Nightmare Child.
  • In the fourth season of the anime Sailor Moon, the guardian of dreams, Helios, resides in Elysion. In the manga version of that plotline, Elysion is equally important to the arc.
  • In the third and fifth seasons of the anime Digimon, Dukemon has an attack called "Final Elysium", where he fires a red beam from his Shield.
  • In the Hades arc of both the anime and manga of Saint Seiya, the bronze saints infiltrate Elysion to rescue Athena from Hades.
  • In the fifth season episode "Lineage" of the television show "Angel" Wesley Wyndam-Pryce uses the word Elysium as a password to enter his high secure vaults within his office.
  • In the final episode of the British sitcom Green Wing, Martin hears that Mac will be going to "Elyssian Fields", which he thinks is a place in Dorset. He later learns that it actually means that he is going to die.
  • In the anime series Spawn (season 3, episode 2), the Elysium Fields were mentioned by the bounty hunter Jade, asking Spawn to kill her so she would die in battle and have peace in the Fields instead of going to Hell for sparing HellSpawn.
  • In the fourth season of the re-imagined Battlestar Galactica, it is shown that the Fields of Elysium are part of the Colonial religion's teachings about the afterlife. Colonial religion is heavily influenced by real-world Greek mythology.
  • In Xena Warrior Princess and Hercules: The Legendary Journeys the main characters visited Elysian fields several times.
  • In Dead Like Me, during episode "Last Call," Mason, a reaper, is sent to a peaceful lake, called Elysian Lake, to reap a man. The man dies from swimming in the lake and being struck by lightening.


  • In Gladiator (2000 film) Maximus: "Three weeks from now, I will be harvesting my crops. Imagine where you will be, and it will be so. Hold the line! Stay with me! If you find yourself alone, riding in the green fields with the sun on your face, do not be troubled. For you are in Elysium, and you're already dead!"
  • Phantom of the Opera (2004 film), In the opening scene of "The Masqurade" Andre sings the line "Of Elysian Peace." in reference to the Phantoms 6 month absence.
  • In Mister Roberts (1955 film), the ship The USS Reluctant, was sent to the "Limbo Islands", specifically to Elysium Island for liberty. The capitol of the island is "Elysium City". Elysium is the largest of the Limbo Islands. It's often referred to as the Polynesian paradise. Vanilla, sugar, cocoa, coffee, phosphates and rum are the chief exports.
  • In The Man from Elysian Fields (2001 film), [1]Mick Jagger plays a high priced male escort


  • In Anarchy Online, part of the Shadowlands dimension, introduced with the Shadowlands expansion pack, is known as Elysium.
  • In earlier editions of the Dungeons & Dragons role playing game, Elysium is the outer (spiritual) plane of absolute and purist good alignment - also referred to as Neutral Good - without any partisan regard towards law (as with the Seven Heavens) or chaos (as with Olympus/Arvandor/Arborea).
  • In Metroid Prime 3: Corruption, Elysia is a stormy planet in Galactic Federation space. Its only known settlement is Skytown, a flying mechanical observatory that was built by the Chozo.
  • In RuneScape, the powerful and rare Elysian spirit shield is probably a reference to the Elysium.
  • In God of War, the term Elysian Fields is used repeatedly and is even visited by Kratos when he goes to fight for the gods.
  • In the Halo universe the Master Chief, also known as Spartan-117 or John, is born and raised to the age of six in Elysium City on an outer colony world belonging to the UNSC.
  • In Trauma Center: Under the Knife 2, a medical ward for PGS patients is called Elysium.
  • In the tabletop wargame, Warhammer 40k, the Elysians are referred to as Imperial Guardsmen specializing in a futuristic form of paratrooping using drop chutes. Forge World produces miniatures representing the Elysian Drop Troops.
  • In the Mass Effect game and novels, Elysium is a human colony where Jon Grissom, the Alliance's posterboy and first human to travel through a Mass Relay, calls home. It is also the home of the Ascension Project.
  • In Vampire the Masquerade (the RPG pen-and-paper game, the video game Bloodlines, and the board game Vampire: prince of the city), an Elysium is a place designated as neutral territory for vampires (i.e. a theater, nightclub, gallery etc.), where violence is forbidden. The keeper of the Elysium holds jurisdiction, preventing violence, organizing or cancelling events etc.
  • In the Game Rise of the Argonauts in a re-telling of the Classic "Jason and the Golden Fleece" in RPG form, Elysium is where the virtuous are sent and Jason must obtain the fleece to bring his Wife back from the Dead.
  • In the Last Remnant four dead souls of the Qsiti are trapped by a Monster and mentions Elysium " That monster has kept us here for many years now we can finally move on to Elysium, thanks to you Rush"
  • In Mega Man Legends 2, Elysium (Heaven in the Japanese Version) is a smaller planet at the orbit of Terra, where the last human, known as The Master, lived for 300 years.
  • The expansion Titan Quest: Immortal Throne takes place in the Greek underworld, with one significant section taking place in Elysium itself. The player must defend Elysium from the enemy daemon army and is aided by several well known Greek heroes.
  • In the EA games SSX and SSX Tricky, there is a track called the Elysium Alps.
  • In Professor Layton and the Diabolical Box, there is a mysterious box that is said to cause death to any that open it, also known as the Elysian Box.
  • In the game X3 a sector owned by the religious race, the 'goner', is named 'elysium of light', it contains a set of mission to rebuild a goner



William Wordsworth, in the "Prospectus" (written between 1798 and 1800) to The Excursion (published 1814), composed the following lines:

"Not Chaos, not
The darkest pit of lowest Erebus,
Nor aught of blinder vacancy, scooped out
By help of dreams—can breed such fear and awe
As fall upon us often when we look
Into our Minds, into the Mind of Man—
My Haunt, and the main region of my song."

Erebus is also mentioned in The Book of the New Sun by Gene Wolfe.

Erebus is also mentioned in The House of Night series to be the goddess Nyx's consort, the father of the love god Eros.

Erebus is the name of the world's largest walk-through haunted house, located in Pontiac, Michigan.

Erebus is the name of a planet in the Stargate universe.

Erebus is also the name of a song from The Amenta's first full-length album Occasus.

Erebus is the final boss in Persona 3:FES, The Answer.


  • In T. S. Eliot's play The Family Reunion, the protagonist Harry is haunted by the Eumenides for killing his wife.
  • In Jean-Paul Sartre's play The Flies, the Erinyes (who represent remorsefulness) chase Orestes and Electra for the murder of their mother Clytemnestra and her husband, King Aegistheus.
  • Tisiphone appears and is a major character (and the others are mentioned) in David Weber's book Path of the Fury and its expanded version In Fury Born.
  • In George Eliot's Daniel Deronda, Gwendolen Harleth is haunted by the Furies because of her betrayal of Lydia Glasher.
  • The sixth book of Anthony Powell's A Dance to the Music of Time is entitled The Kindly Ones.
  • The Erinyes are the main subject of the comic book The Kindly Ones from comic book series Sandman and also appear in earlier volumes.
  • In the book series T*Witches, three girls looking to murder Cam and Alex call themselves "The Furies", as they live in underground caves.
  • They are monsters in the series Percy Jackson and the Olympians.
  • The Furies also feature in the television series Xena: Warrior Princess.
  • In the fourth season of the TV show Charmed, Piper interferes with the Furies' business and becomes one herself. When a fury turns a witch it causes a portal of unexpressed rage to manifest itself, in this case, that of Piper's inner rage towards her sister Prue's death the previous season.
  • The character Anyanka from the TV show Buffy the Vampire Slayer, draws some aspects of the Erinyes.
  • In the third and fourth seasons of the TV show Angel, Lorne calls upon the Transuding Furies for making Caritas and the Hyperion Hotel into demon violence-free zones with payment only Angel could pay.
  • In the computer game Freespace 2, the Erinyes class is a playable advanced assault fighter for the GTVA. It is considered one of the more advanced ships.
  • In Stephen King's novel Rose Madder, Erinyes is the name of the blind bull which guards Rose Madder's baby at the heart of a labyrinth.
  • Trivium's (American Thrash Metal band) fourth studio album Shogun features a song named "He Who Spawned the Furies" which lyrically deals with the tale of Cronos castrating his father and then eating his children.
  • Roger Zelazny wrote a novelette entitled The Furies. In the tale the furies were three humans of unnatural power that set about to restore balance in the universe. It was published in his book Four For Tomorrow in 1967.
  • In the computer games City of Heroes and City of Villains, two humans drink from the Well of the Furies and gain godly superpowers. They also open Pandora's Box, releasing the potential of human endeavour, heralding a golden age of superheroes.
  • A song, "The Chorus of the Furies", sung in Latin by Faith and the Muse on the album Evidence of Heaven (Neue Ästhetik Multimedia) (1999).
  • Francis Bacon: Seated Figure 1974. Painting.
  • Helene Cixous wrote the play: 'La Ville parjure ou le réveil des Erinyes' which was performed by Theatre du Soleil (director - Ariane Mnoushkine) in 1994/5.
  • In Battlezone, there are many references to Greek mythology; it is said that Greek mythology was, in fact, heavily influenced by the Cthonians, a race who created biometal, a material with a consciousness. The Cthonians eventually separated into two factions, the Olympian Council and the Hadeans who contested with each other over control of the Solar System. The Hadean scientists harvested the bodies of fallen Greek warriors and used their DNA to imbue biometal with an "agression factor", resulting in the creation of the Furies, nigh-unstoppable craft with a mind of their own. The Furies revelled in causing death and destruction and was the ultimate cause of the destruction of the Cthonian civilisation and their home planet of Icarus, located between Mars and Jupiter. When the CCA attempted to resurrect the project to use it against the NSDF more than 200 years later, the result was the same: the Soviet Furies were completely uncontrollable and it took the effort of both sides to subdue them on Titan and Achilles, a previously unknown moon of Uranus. The NSDF attempted a different approach, fusing humans with biometal; this project failed too, because the American Furies retained their human minds and free will, resulting in their escape.


In Sir Walter Scott's Ivanhoe, the swineherd Gurth is referred to as "this second Eumaeus" after he and the jester discuss the unjust confiscation of livestock meat by Norman barons.

The folk metal group The Lord Weird Slough Feg has a song about Eumaeus on its 2005 album Atavism.

Fortunate Isles

  • Rudyard Kipling's poem The Three Decker concerns a voyage to the Islands of the Blest.


Cottus plays a role in the Post-Crisis origin of DC Comics' Amazons of Themyscira.

Briareos is the name one of the protagonists of the Appleseed manga series and its several film adaptations. Most of the characters in the series are named for entities from Greek mythology; in Briareos' case it is in reference to his strength and command of the Hecatonchires system of his cybernetic body, potentially allowing him to control a large number of external devices as readily as if they were extensions of his own body. However, this ability is barely explored within the series.

Briareos plays a part in the children's novel The Battle of the Labyrinth, where his name is spelled Briares.

In the 2007 game Ace Combat 6: Fires of Liberation, five enemy super-weapons are named after the Hecatonchires. One was called the P-1112 'Aigaion' Heavy Command Cruiser/Aerial Aircraft Carrier, two were called the P-1113 'Kottos' Electronic Warfare Platform and the last two were called the P-1114 'Gyges' Fire Support System.

The Hecatonchires appear as the first Titan boss in the 2002 video game Rygar: The Legendary Adventure, as an entity that uses a large statue of two male figures and a rearing stallion as an exoskeleton to dwell within. The monster is also present in the Wii remake, Rygar: The Battle of Argus, where it is renamed "Hekatonkeil".

The Hecatonchires also appear as a mythological unit playable by the Atlantean civilizations in the 2003 video game Age of Mythology: The Titans, where they are known as the Hekagigantes.

Hecatencheires appears in the roleplaying game Dungeons and Dragons as an incredibly powerful enemy capable of attacking with one-hundred long sword strikes in a single round.



The novel Jason (1961) by Henry Treece is narrated by Jason himself. The supernatural elements are largely removed, but a major theme of the book is the clash between the older religion of the mother goddess, favoured by women (who are portrayed as dangerous and hostile to men in many ways) and the newer religion of Zeus and Poseidon favoured by men.


  • Two movies titled Jason and the Argonauts have been produced: Jason and the Argonauts (1963), directed by Don Chaffey, and Jason and the Argonauts (2000), a Hallmark presentation TV movie.
  • A 1958 spaghetti production of Hercules starring Steve Reeves, featured Jason and the Argonauts, as well as Ulysses.
  • In the children's show, Class of the Titans, one of the main characters, Jay, is a descendant of Jason, and the characters have run-ins with Medea and Talos.
  • Jason was also portrayed by Jeffrey Thomas (with Chris Conrad as young Jason) in Hercules: The Legendary Journeys.
  • Lars Von Trier's made for TV movie entitled Medea (1988) depicts Udo Kier as Jason after he has retrieved the Golden fleece.
  • The Michael Eisner-produced web show The All-for-nots is loosely based on the Argonautika, as an indie rock band whose name vaguely rhymes with `The Argonauts' tours America on their way to the golden fleece of rock stardom.
  • A documentary named "In Search of Myths and Heroes" by Michael Wood, third episode talks about Jason the Myth.
  • The 2008 TV series AGE OF THE GODS: JOURNEYS EDITION, did their 2nd episode, JASON, based on the myth of Jason, telling the parts about King Pelias, the Argonauts, the Isles of Lemnos, Phineus and the Harpies, the Symplegades, Medea, the Iron Bulls and Sown Men, the Golden Fleece, the Betrayal of Medea, and the Death of Jason.


  • Mary Zimmerman wrote and directed Argonautika, which premiered in 2006 with the Chicago Lookingglass Theatre Company. It tells the story of Jason and the Argonauts from Pelias' initial charge through Jason's betrayal of Medea.
  • Euripides wrote the play Medea, which is focused around the period which leads to Medea killing Jason's bride and their two children. This play has nine characters as well as a chorus role.


Video Games

  • Jason is briefly featured in the video game God of War 2. He receives no dialogue, and is in fact dead upon meeting him. Kratos comes across a dying warrior that mourns over Jason, his leader. Kratos comes upon the creature Cerberus shortly after, who is eating Jason. Kratos kills Cerberus and retrieves from its insides the artifact Golden Fleece.


  • 'Lamia' is one of the Witches in the movie adaptation of Neil Gaiman's novel Stardust. In the novel she is not named, though called the "Witch Queen". In the movie, she is portrayed by Michelle Pfeiffer. It is also the name of a woman who takes people's heat in Gaiman's novel Neverwhere.
  • Lamias are also mentioned in Laurell K. Hamilton's Anita Blake, Vampire Hunter series and the novels of Rob Thurman.
  • Lamia feature in the Tim Powers novel The Stress of Her Regard as chthonic vampires that both inspire and prey upon poets such as Keats, Byron, and Shelley.
  • On the Genesis concept album The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway, the hero Rael has an encounter with "three vermilion snakes of female face", related in the track The Lamia. At the end of the song the Lamia taste Rael's blood and then die.
  • Lamia is a traditional monster in the Final Fantasy game series produced by Squaresoft.
  • Lamia is also mentioned in an Iron Maiden's song entitled "Prodigal Son", which is the 8th track of Iron Maiden's 2nd album, Killers.
  • In the manga Fairy Tail there is a guild named Lamia Scale with a crest of a Lamia. The guild is allied with Fairy Tail and another two guilds to defeat Oracion Seis.
  • The Lamia is mentioned in the Sam Raimi film Drag Me to Hell voiced by Art Kimbro. This version is depicted as an evil spirit summoned by a curse put on a personal item or memento. It takes three days for the Lamia (described as a fierce, two-legged creature with the head and hooves of a goat) to fully manifest: at first it appears as a malevolent spirit but on the fourth day it comes for the owner of the accursed object and drags him/her into Hell. The only ways to (possibly) stop the Lamia from taking the targeted person to hell in the movie continuity is: a) appease it with a blood offering by sacrificing a small animal, but this isn't always effective; b) summon the Lamia and place into a corporeal body (human, animal, etc), then kill what it inhabits; and c) give the cursed object to someone else (be they living or dead), and the Lamia will take him or her to Hell instead of the original owner.
  • The Lamia in the book series Night World are born vampires that can choose when they want to stop physically aging. They follow strict rules and live hidden, in the Night World, with the "made" vampires, witches, shape shifters, and werewolves.
  • The Lamia is also referred to in Joseph Delaney's "Wardstone Chronicles", featuring the Spooks Apprentice, Spooks Curse, Spooks Secret, Spooks Mistake, Spooks Battle & Spooks Sacrifice although the series as of yet is not complete. In the books the Lamia is a breed of witch from the Mediterranean, mostly Greece. The main character, Tom Ward's mother is a lamia witch, however, in the sixth book in the series it is revealed that she is in fact Lamia, the mother of all Lamia witches. They come in two forms, feral and domestic. Feral lamias are vicious and drink human blood, they can have wings and covered in scales with long sharp talons. The lamias become domestic by being around humans, which causes them to take the form of a beautiful human woman, only recognizable by a line of green and yellow scales down her spine.
  • Lamia was a demonic adversary in the television series Poltergeist: The Legacy, cast as a beautiful succubus-type spirit that preyed on men through their dreams. She was captured by the protagonist team in a specially engraved box after an incantation was cast and her name spoken.


  • A "Medea complex" is sometimes used to describe parents who murder or otherwise harm their children.
  • Born Susie Benjamin, Medea Benjamin, co-founder of both Code Pink and the international human rights organization Global Exchange, renamed herself after the Greek mythological character Medea during her freshman year at Tufts University.
  • Medea is featured in the visual novel game and anime series Fate/stay night as an example of the Caster-class Servant.
  • In 2006 The Abingdon Theatre Company produced a spoof on the Medea novels, "My Deah" by John Epperson.
  • Playwright Christopher Durang wrote a short spoof of Medea.
  • Playwright Neil LaBute wrote a scene in his play "Bash: Latter-Days Plays" called "Medea Redux", inspired by the myth of Medea.
  • Medea is one of the NPC villains in the Freedom City campaign setting for the Mutants and Masterminds role-playing game. Talos, the bronze man of Crete, is also featured as an NPC villain.
  • Singer/songwriter Vienna Teng wrote a song entitled My Medea.
  • The genetic technique called Maternal effect dominant embryonic arrest, which favors offspring with particular genes, is named after Medea.
  • In Stephen Sondheim's musical, "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum," the opening number, "Comedy Tonight," contains the line, "Nothing that's grim; nothing that's Greek. She plays Medea later this week."
  • In the PS2 game Shin Megami Tensei: Persona 3, Medea is the Persona for the character Chidori. Appropriate to the "Medea complex", Medea herself tries to strangle Chidori at one point in the game.
  • In the PS2 game Dragon Quest VIII: Journey of the Cursed King, Medea is the princess of a ruined kingdom, Trodain. She was put under a curse by a jester named Dhoulmagus and was transformed into a horse. She is a horse throughout most of the game.
  • In the book series Cry of the Icemark, book 2, The Blade of Fire, Medea tries to kill her brother and betray her country.
  • "Medea--One Foot In Hell" is the final track on The Showdown's album Back Breaker.
  • In James Owen's novel "The Search for the Red Dragon," Medea is a woman that lives on only as a reflection in a mirror. She spends most of her time in the novel talking to Peter Pan in a cave guarded by children dressed in animal furs.
  • In the Woody Allen Movie Annie Hall, the character played by him, Alvy Singer, is lamenting Annie moving to Hollywood. Leaving a theater in an impromtu conversation with an older lady he meets on the street, she asks him, "Don't tell me you're jealous?" Alvy replies, "Yeah. Jealous? A little bit. Like Medea."
  • In the 2008 video game Rise of the Argonauts, she is an NPC.


In Hercules and Xena the Animated Movie: The Battle for Mount Olympus, Mnemosyne is re-imagined as the vicious Titaness of Fire. She also seems to be romantically involved with the Wind Titan.

In the Xena: Warrior Princess episode Forget Me Not (Season 3, Episode 14] the character of Gabrielle goes to the temple of Mnemosyne to try to forget her painful memories. (Throughout the episode it is mispronounced in a fashion that rhymes with limousine.)

In Hercules: the Legendary Journeys, Episode 91 Let there be Light, Hercules visits Mnemosyne in person. This depiction combines elements of the other two depictions in the metaseries. Here, Mnemosyne is depicted as the fiery daughter of Cronos and an enemy of Zeus. Though angry and hostile towards Zeus, and by extension Hercules, Hercules sought her out for her wisdom and counsel.

In Xanadu (film), Mnemosyne is the (unnamed) mother of the Nine Muses, including Kira, the heroine.

In the fifth arc of Sailor Moon (manga) Sailor Mnemosyne and Sailor Lethe are twins being forced to work for Shadow Galactica. When Sailor Lethe attacks Usagi in the River of Oblivion, Sailor Mnemosyne is the one who stops Sailor Lethe from killing her.

Mnemosyne is the name of a computer software project that helps people to memorize facts, such as school exams, as well as builds data on memory research.

In the MMPORG Asheron's Call, green triangular devices called Mnemosynes are used to store large amounts of knowledge/history and are used to pass this information across generations.

In the Oliver Stone, ABC Event Series "Wild Palms" Made for TV Mini Series about a Cyber Cult, "Mnemosyne" was a vision educing blue fluid.


A series of young adult novels by P.C. Cast and Kristin Cast known as "House of Night (novel series)" feature Nyx as the main goddess worshiped by vampyres and young fledgling vampyres at the eponymous school.

Nyx (as Nox) is an important, if enigmatic, character in Piers Anthony's novel, "And Eternity", the seventh book of his "Incarnations of Immortality" series. Seventeen years after the original completion of the series, Mr. Anthony has added an eighth book,"Under a Velvet Cloak" in which Nox is the central Incarnation of Immortality.

Nyx appears as a Demon in the popular Japanese Megami Tensei series of Role-playing games. In Persona 3, Nyx is the main antagonist and the harbinger of the apocalypse.

Nyx appears in Richelle Mead's book "Succubus Dreams"

In Mitaka, Tokyo, there is a bar named Nyx.

In Kamichama Karin, Kirika is borrowing the powers of Nyx.


Perses appears in the upcoming video game God of War III, depicted as a massive brute made of rock and molten lava. He is seen in the demo and the trailers fighting Helios.


Phlegra is the title of a 1975 composition for chamber orchestra by the Greek composer Iannis Xenakis.


In music, the story of Polyphemus and Galatea was the basis for Lully's Acis et Galatée, Handel's Acis and Galatea and Antonio de Literes' zarzuela Acis y Galatea. Jean Cras's opera Polyphème is also based on the story.

The Coen brothers' film "O Brother Where Art Thou?", is based on the Odyssey, and John Goodman plays the eyepatch-wearing Big Dan Teague, a reinterpretation of Polyphemus.

The Radio Tales drama "Homer's Odyssey: Tale of the Cyclops" is a dramatic retelling of the portion of Homer's epic poem featuring the cyclops Polyphemus.

There have been several Royal Navy ships with the name "Polyphemus" - see HMS Polyphemus.

Atlantic Horseshoe Crabs have the species name "polyphemus" in reference to their having eyes centered in the middle of their prosomas.

Symphonic Metal band Nightwish made a reference to the Cyclops in the song "Nemo" in the line "Nemo my name for evermore". The song refers to when the Cyclops asked Odysseus what his name was and Odysseus responded with “nemo” (roughly translated) to "nobody".

Polyphemus is a pivotal character in the second book of the Percy Jackson and the Olympians series, The Sea of Monsters by Rick Riordan.

Thomas Wolfe's short story, "Polyphemus," centers around a one-eyed Spaniard who is blind to the true wealth around him as he searches the New World for gold.


In the British novel Howard's End (1910), by E.M. Forster, Porphyrion is the name of a large insurance company based in London where one of the minor characters, Mr. Leonard Bast, works as a clerk. In this case, the classical allusion to the Greek giant serves as an ironic comment on the un-heroic, impersonal work with which the modern (i.e. early twentieth century) business ethic dehumanizes individuals.

The fortunes of the Porphyrion company become a point of minor conflict in the novel as the main characters, Margaret and Helen Schlegel, influence Mr. Bast to quit his job, based on casual information that the company is about to collapse. This narrative thread plays into the larger themes of class consciousness, and cultural identity, which Forster examines with subtlety and wit. Porphyrion also appears in the direct to video animated film,Hercules and Xena the Battle for Mount Olympus. Here he is the Earth Elemental Titan is the Titan's leader.

River Phlegethon

It is a river traveled upon by the Incarnation of War, named Mym, in the Piers Anthony novel Wielding a Red Sword. When Mym is lured into Hell, he decides to incite rebellion against the forces of Satan and uses four of the five major waterways of Hell, among which are the River Lethe, the Archeron, the River Kyoktys, and the River Styx.

Scylla and Charybdis


Scylla and Charybdis appear in the 1997 miniseries The Odyssey directed by Andrei Konchalovsky and produced by Francis Ford Coppola, when Odysseus (Armand Assante) tries to cross the Strait of Messina.


In Prison Break, after Michael Scofield has broken out of Sona prison, he tracks down The Company's little Black Book known as Scylla, because it is in 6 parts.


The Police referenced Scylla and Charybdis in their 1983 hit single "Wrapped Around Your Finger" from Synchronicity. Track 2 on the 2008 album Shogun by Metal band Trivium is entitled "Torn Between Scylla and Charybdis". Also, there is a Massachusetts band called Of Blessings and Burdens who had a song called "Between Scylla and Charybdis". Part 6 of the metal band Symphony X's song "The Odyssey"on the album "The Odyssey" is entitled "Scylla And Charybdis". Azita has a song "Scylla and Charybdis" which is on her album "How Will You?".


The Radio Tales drama "Homer's Odyssey: The Voyage Home" adapts the portion of Homer's epic poem featuring Charybdis and Scylla.

Video Games

In the Nintendo DS role-playing game Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood, two sectors of space that the player travels to are named Sector Scylla and Sector Charybdis. Later, the player can fight two powerful robots named Scylla and Charyb (short for Charybdis) Also in Breath of Fire 3, the player faces off against Two fiery serpents named Scylla, and Charybdis.

The 1999 Japanese game Ace Combat 3: Electrosphere by Namco, features a level called 'Scylla and Charybdis', where the player is needed to choose between downing two different friendly aircraft (that is, betraying one of them), where downing one or the another will lead you to a different branch in the game story path.


In a young adult series, Daughters of the Moon, the daughters worshipped Selene. Selene gave them their powers and their reason for fighting the Atrox.

"Selena" ranked 815th and "Selene" 2555th in a common US-based listing of Most Popular Female First Names.

Selene is a Marvel comic book villainess most often an antagonist of the X-Men and the Hellfire Club.

The Sonata Arctica song "My Selene" is based on the myth of Selene and Endymion.

Two songs by progressive rock group Gong, on the albums Camembert Electrique and Angel's Egg respectively, are called "Selene".

Selena was the leader of the Moon Fae in Anne Bishop's Tir Alainn series. Her second form was a shadow hound.

Selene was an evil sorceress in books 1-6 and 14 of the 'Wicca' Series by Cate Tiernan.

Selene is an alias for Lanfear in the popular fantasy series Wheel of Time, by Robert Jordan. Lanfear's sigil is a number of stars and a crescent moon, and she is pale of skin with black hair and always wears silver and white. She is one of the strongest of the thirteen Forsaken and is in love with the reincarnation of Lews Therin Telamon, who was her lover in the Age of Legends.

Selene is the name of a planet in the PlayStation game Colony Wars. It is located in the Draco system, which also contains the star Helios. The planet is briefly referred to in the cutscene entitled "Time To Strike".

Selene is the name of the fictional protagonist from Underworld and Underworld: Evolution action films.

Selene is one of the alternate names for certain characters in the anime Sailor Moon, namely Queen Serenity and Princess Serenity/Tsukino Usagi. Both were based very loosely upon the Greek myth.


In the videogame Culdcept, there is a spell card called Spartoi which produces a skeleton monster on a random, unoccupied space on the game board.


  • Tartarus is used in the game Persona 3. It is a large labyrinth that the protagonist has to venture into to discover the secret of Persona.
  • Tartarus is also the name of the Chieftain of the Brutes in the Halo series, namely Halo 2.
  • In the MMORPG City of Villains, the archvillain Lord Recluse derives his power from Tartarus.
  • Tartarus is again used in the game Rise of the Argonauts. It is used as the place Jason must travel to get back the Golden fleece.
  • The tartarus is a land dreadnaught used in the video game Tales of the Abyss and is used to stop the vibration in the planets core.
  • Tartarus is used in the 1995-1996 FOX Military-Science Ficition TV series, Space: Above and Beyond in the seventh episode: "Enemy" (aired November 7, 1995) has a world that the United Earth Forces and the Chigs battle over in hellish conditions.
  • In the science fiction novel "Titan" by Stephen Baxter, in which a final manned space mission sent out by NASA landing on Saturn's moon of Titan, the crew of the mission names their landing site on Titan "Tartarus Base".
  • In the three part DC Comics mini-series "Batman: Cacophony" by Kevin Smith, the delusional Maxie Zeus believes the Joker (comics) is Tartarus.
  • The video game God of War 2 portrays a portion of the war between the Gods and the Titans. Zeus is heard to proclaim "I banish you to the farthest depths of Tartarus". Interestingly, as the cut scene ends, the Titan Atlas says that Zeus had banished him to Hades.
  • Several episodes of the superhero cartoon Justice League, in particular "Paradise Lost" and "The Balance", reference or are set in a rendition of Tartarus. A portal to the realm exists on Themyscira, Wonder Woman's home.
  • Tartarus is the name of a planet in Stargate SG-1 ruled by the Goa'uld Anubis.


Tethys is a character in Greenwitch, in Susan Cooper's Dark is Rising series. She appears also in the animated film Hercules and Xena: The Battle for Mount Olympus and is the most human looking of the Titans, appearing as a water elemental giantess with long hair. But this version of her is utterly ferocious and ruthless, at one point picking up Aphrodite and attempting to crush her.

Caitlin R. Kiernan introduced a white dream raven named Tethys, in her story "The Two Trees" (The Dreaming #43).


Theia tried to take over the world in the pages of The New Teen Titans. In volume 2, issue 9, she was destroyed by her husband Hyperion's self-immolation.


The DC Comics character Wonder Woman is one of a nation of Amazons originating from a magically-hidden island called Themyscira, originally called "Paradise Island" from Wonder Woman's first appearance in All Star Comics #8 (December 1941) until the character's February 1987 relaunch in Wonder Woman (vol. 2) #1.


  • The familiar name and large size of the Titans have made them dramatic figures suited to market-oriented popular culture.
  • In the Disney animated film Hercules there are but five Titans, each embodying one of the four classical elements, with the fifth being a cyclops. They terrorize the earth until Zeus imprisons them. These Titans bore no silimiarites to their mythological counterparts.
  • In the 1981 film Clash of the Titans, the Kraken, actually an entity from Norse mythology, is presented as "the last Titan". It also describes the usage of the head of Medusa, who is actually a Gorgon, to fight him, as "a titan against another titan".
  • The video game series, God of War, which is based on Greek mythology, features many of the Titans. Mainly Gaia, Cronos and Atlas. They attempt to reignite the Great War between the Titans and the Olympians with the help of a Spartan warrior named Kratos, who became the God of War after killing Ares
  • The titans appeared in an episode of Charmed titled "Oh My Goddess".
  • The Titans occasionally appear or are mentioned in Renaissance Pictures' Hercules/Xena franchise. In the Xena: Warrior Princess episode "The Titans," many Titans (far more than in the actual myths) were turned to stone by the Olympians, which Crius, Hyperion and Theia seek to undo. In the Hercules: The Legendary Journeys episode "Let There Be Light," it is said that the Titans successfully defeated Dahak, but the battle left them too weak to resist the Olympians. Also, in the Hercules series finale "Full Circle," Oceanus, Helios and Atlas appear, having made a deal with Ares to destroy the Olympians but spare him.
  • Titan appears as a regular Earth-based summon in the video game series Final Fantasy.
  • In the tabletop game, Warhammer 40,000, Titans are large war machines, capable of massive destructive power. The Imperial Guard and Astartes units refer to these as "God-Machines".
  • The largest class of combat vessels in the MMO space opera Eve Online are classified as 'titans'


Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Greek mythology in popular culture" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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