Hôtel particulier  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

In French contexts an hôtel particulier is an urban "private house" of a grand sort. Whereas an ordinary maison was built as part of a row, sharing party walls with the houses on either side and directly fronting on a street, an hôtel particulier was often free-standing, and by the eighteenth century it would always be located entre cour et jardin, between the entrance court, the cour d'honneur, and the garden behind. There are hôtels particuliers in many large cities, such as Paris, Bordeaux, Albi, Caen, Lyon, Montpellier, Nancy, Rouen, Rennes, Toulouse and Troyes.

The word hôtel represents the Old French hostel, which has developed a more specific modern English meaning. Cognates can be confusing: the modern usage in English of hotel denotes a commercial hotel accommodating travellers, a hostelry that is more ambitious than an inn. Modern French also applies hôtel to commercial hotels: confusingly the Hôtel de Crillon on the Place de la Concorde was built as an hôtel particulier and is today a hotel. The Hôtel des Invalides retains its early sense of a hospice for war wounded.

In French, an hôtel de ville or mairie is a town hall (and not a hotel), such as the Hôtel de Ville, Paris or the Hôtel de Ville de Montréal. Other official bodies might give their name to the structure in which they maintained a seat: aside from Paris. several other French cities have an Hôtel de Cluny, maintained by the abbey of Cluny. The Hôtel de Sens was built as the Paris residence of the archbishop of Sens.

Hôtel-Dieu ("hostel of God") is the old name given to the principal hospital in French towns, such as the Hôtel-Dieu de Beaune.

Notes

Template:Reflist

Some Parisian hôtels particuliers with individual entries:

In Toulouse:

Further reading

  • Monographs have been published on some outstanding Parisian hôtels particuliers.
  • The classic photographic survey, now a rare book found only in large art libraries, is the series Les Vieux Hotels de Paris by J. Vacquer, published in the teens and twenties of the twentieth century, which takes Paris quarter by quarter and which illustrates many hôtels particuliers that have been demolished during the twentieth century.
  • Blanc, Olivier, Hôtels particuliers de Paris (1998)
  • Caylux, Odile et al. Les Hôtels particuliers d'Arles (2000)
  • Cros, Philippe,Hôtels particuliers de France (2001)
  • Naudin, Jean-Baptiste et al., Hôtels particuliers de Paris: Visite privée (1999).
  • Papillault, Remi Les hôtels particuliers du XVIe siècle à Toulouse (Serie Memoires des pays d'Oc)

See also





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Hôtel particulier" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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