Harry J  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Harry Zephaniah Johnson (known as Harry J, born July 6, 1945, Westmoreland) is a Jamaican reggae record producer of African, Sicilian and Scottish descent. He is the head of the landmark Harry J. Records, located at 10 Roosevelt Avenue, Kingston 6, Jamaica WI.

Contents

Biography

Johnson started to play music with the Virtues as a bass player before moving into management of the group. When the band split up he worked as an insurance salesman. He first appeared as a record producer in 1968, when he launched his own record label, "Harry J", by releasing The Beltones' local hit "No More Heartaches", one of the earliest reggae somgs to be recorded. His agreement with Coxsone Dodd allowed him to use Studio One's facilities, where he produced the hit "Cuss Cuss" with singer Lloyd Robinson, which became one of the most covered riddims in Jamaica.

In October 1969, he met success in the UK with "The Liquidator" (number 9 in the UK Singles Chart) recorded with his sessionband, The Harry J All Stars (it was also a hit in 1980, reaching number 42). This single became one of the anthems of the emerging skinhead youth subculture; together with other instrumental hits released in the UK through his own subdivision "Harry J" on Trojan Records, on a compilation album of the same name (see cover). During the 2008 United States presidential election, presidential candidate Senator Barack Obama campaign used the song "I'll Take You There" by The Staple Singers at the closing of his stump speeches on the campaign trail. The beginning of the song "I'll take you there" features an introduction which was lifted from "The Liquidator".

In the beginning of the 1970s he enjoyed another big success with the vocal duo Bob and Marcia with the song "Young, Gifted and Black". His productions also included Jamaican hits with DJs like Winston Blake or Scotty among others, and many dub versions.

Harry J Studio

Johnson is mainly known for his Harry J Studio where Bob Marley & The Wailers recorded the majority of their albums in the 1970s. The studio was also a must stop hangout of many British musicians including the Rolling Stones, The Who, and Grace Jones. In addition, Chris Blackwell the founder of Island Records the original label of the band U2 could be found hanging out in the sound room prior to moving to England in the early 1970s.

In 1972, Harry Johnson sold his record shop and set up his own recording studio "Harry J", on 10 Roosevelt Avenue, Uptown Kingston, where he employed Sid Bucknor and later Sylvan Morris as resident recording engineer. Harry J Studio soon became one of the most famous Jamaican studios after having recorded several Bob Marley & The Wailers albums from 1973 to 1976 before the Tuff Gong era; such as Rastaman Vibration and Catch A Fire.

Johnson's deal with Island Records led him to record artists such as Burning Spear and The Heptones. Throughout the 1970s and the 1980s, assisted by former Studio One sound engineer Sylvan Morris, he also recorded artists like Ken Boothe, Augustus Pablo, The Cables and the American pop singer, Johnny Nash, and produced albums by Zap Pow and Sheila Hylton. In 2000, after seven years of inactivity, Stephen Stewart (Engineer, Producer, Musician), who worked in the early years alongside Sylvan Morris, refurbished, re-equipped and reopened Harry J Studio. Since then under the management of Stephen Stewart the studio has seen the return of people like Burning Spear, Toots, Shaggy, Sly & Robbie, and newer projects of Shakira, Papa Sam/Kirk Franklyn, Luciano and Sizzla just to mention a few. The studio appears in the movie, Rockers.

Personal life

Johnson married and divorced Murna Webley; he has fathered several children: Paul Baines Johnson, Melanie Catanese, Harry Jermaine Johnson (deceased), Hayley Johnson (deceased), Tara Johnson and Dale Johnson.

Discography

Harry J Allstars

  • Harry J Allstars - The Liquidator - 1969 - Harry J/Trojan
  • Harry J Allstars - Liquidator: The Best Of Harry J Allstars - 2003 - Trojan
  • Harry J Allstars - Dubbing At Harry J's 1972-1975 - Jamaican Recordings

Compilations

  • Various Artists - Reggae Movement - 1970 - Harry J/Trojan
  • Various Artists - What Am I To Do - 1970 - Harry J/Trojan
  • Various Artists - Reggay Roots - 1977 - Harry J
  • Various Artists - Computer - 1985 - Sunset
  • Various Artists - The Return Of the Liquidator: 30 Skinhead Classics 1968-1970 - 1989 - Trojan - 2 CD

As a producer

  • Sylvan Morris & Harry J - Cultural Dub - 1978 - Harry J
  • Sylvan Morris - Jah Jah Dub - Roosevelt
  • The Heptones - Book Of Rules - 1973 - Jaywax
  • The Heptones - Cool Rasta - 1976 - Trojan
  • Leslie Butler - Ja-Gan - 1975 - Trojan
  • Zap Pow - Revolution - 1976 - Trojan
  • Lloyd Willis - Gits Plays Bob Marley's Greatest Hits - 1977 - Harry J
  • The Melodians - Sweet Sensation - 1977 - Harry J
  • Sheila Hilton - "Breakfast in Bed" - 1977- Harry J
  • Dennis Brown - So Long Rastafari - 1979 - Harry J

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Harry J" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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