Henley Passport Index  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index (HVRI) is a global ranking of countries according to the travel freedom that their citizens enjoy. In collaboration with the International Air Transport Association, and based on official data from their global database, Henley & Partners has analyzed the travel visa regulations of all the countries and territories in the world since 2006.

Definition of the Index

The HVRI consists of a ranking of countries/ territories according to how many other countries/ territories one can travel to visa-free on a particular country/ territory's passport. The ranking is made according to the score each country achieves in terms of numbers of other countries to which visa-free access is possible. The basis of the data consists of all countries and territories covered in the IATA database. Since not all territories issue passports, there are far fewer countries/ territories to be ranked than destination countries/ territories against which queries are made.


Germany holds the top spot for 2016, with visa-free access to 177 countries out of a total of 219, while Sweden remained in second place with a ranking of 176. A larger group of countries sit in third place, with Finland, France, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom all having visa-free access to 175 countries.

Only 21 of the 199 countries listed on the HVRI remained in the same rank. No country dropped more than three positions. Four countries in particular made huge gains; Tonga rising 16 spots, Palau by 20, Colombia by 25 and Timor Leste, being the highest climber with an increase of 33 ranks.

Somalia, Iraq, Pakistan and Afghanistan hold the bottom four positions on the HVRI, and thus have again been labelled the most-restricted passports in the world.

The number of countries in the ‘Top 10’ remained static in this year’s Index at 28 countries, with Hungary joining the category after one year of being pushed out, and Malaysia dropping to 12th position after three years in the premier group.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Henley Passport Index" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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