Henry-Russell Hitchcock  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Henry-Russell Hitchcock (1903-1987) was an American architectural historian and professor at Smith College.

Hitchcok is best known for his collaboration with Philip Johnson in 1930. Together they coined the term "International School" to describe the European functionalist movement in modern architecture. The exhibition he and Johnson staged at MOMA called "The International Style" (1932), and the book of the same name, made his reputation. Hitchcock would eventually produce more than twenty books on architecture, including an important study of Frank Lloyd Wright. He was also a founding member of The Victorian Society and wrote a number of books exploring that field.

Hitchcock regarded the individual architect as the chief determinant in architectural history and his work tended to diminish the role of broader social forces. He was to be later criticised for this "great man" or "geneological" approach.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Henry-Russell Hitchcock" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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