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Hydrology (from Greek: ὕδωρ, "hýdōr" meaning "water"; and λόγος, "lógos" meaning "study") is the scientific study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability. A practitioner of hydrology is a hydrologist, working within the fields of earth or environmental science, physical geography, geology or civil and environmental engineering.

See also

Other water-related fields
  • Oceanography is the more general study of water in the oceans and estuaries.
  • Meteorology is the more general study of the atmosphere and of weather, including precipitation as snow and rainfall.
  • Limnology is the study of lakes, rivers and wetlands ecosystems. It covers the biological, chemical, physical, geological, and other attributes of all inland waters (running and standing waters, both fresh and saline, natural or man-made).<ref name="Wetzel" />
  • Water resources are sources of water that are useful or potentially useful. Hydrology studies the availability of those resources, but usually not their uses.

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