Jacques Delille  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Jacques Delille (June 22, 1738 – May 1, 1813) was a French poet and translator. He was born at Aigueperse in Auvergne.


Delille left behind him little prose. His preface to the translation of the Georgics is an able essay, and contains many excellent hints on the art and difficulties of translation. He wrote the article Jean de La Bruyère in the Biographie universelle. The following is the list of his poetical works:

  • Les Géorgiques de Virgile, traduites en vers français (Paris, 1769, 1782, 1785, 1809)
  • Les Jardins, en quatre chants (1780; new edition, Paris, 1801)
  • L'Homme des champs, ou les Géorgiques françaises (Strassburg, 1802)
  • Poésies fugitives (1802)
  • Dithyrambe sur l'immortalité de l'âme, suivi du passage du Saint Gothard, pome traduit de l'anglais de Madame la duchesse de Devonshire (1802)
  • La Pitié, poeme en quatre chants (Paris, 1802)
  • L'Énéide de Virgile, traduite en vers français (4 vols., 1804)
  • Le Paradis perdu (3 vols., 1804)
  • L'Imagination, poème en huit chants (2 vols., 1806)
  • Les trois règnes de la nature (2 vols., 1808)
  • La Conversation (1812).

A collection given under the title of Poésies diverses (1801) was disavowed by Delille.

His Œuvres (16 vols.) were published in 1824. See Sainte-Beuve, Portraits littéraires, vol. ii.

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