From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1416 - Republic of Dubrovnik, as a first state in Europe, outlaw slavery.
- 1593 - Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno.
- 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins, and ending in their execution on January 31.
- 1945 – World War II: The Red Army liberates the remained inmates of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.
- 1956 - Pierre Molinier exhibits 18 paintings and a few drawings at the gallery A l'Etoile scellée.
- 1756 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer (d. 1791)
- 1775 - Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, German philosopher (d. 1854)
- 1805 - Samuel Palmer, English artist (d. 1881)
- 1814 - Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)
- 1832 - Lewis Carroll, English author (d. 1898)
- 1836 - Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (d. 1895)
- 1850 - John Collier, British writer and painter (d. 1934)
- 1940 - Harry Kümel, Belgian film director (Daughters of Darkness)
- 1814 - Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1762)
- 1844 - Charles Nodier, French author (Smarra, or The Demons of the Night) (b. 1780)
- 1851 - John James Audubon, French-American naturalist, ornithologist, and painter (b. 1789)
- 1901 - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (b. 1813)
- 1987 - Norman McLaren, Scottish-born Canadian animator and film director. (b. 1914)
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