Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand (Paris, September 18, 1760 – Thiais, December 31, 1834) was a French and author, teacher and architect.

He was an influential teacher, advocating function and economy. He worked in Étienne-Louis Boullée's office for some time and published some books.

1799-1801: "Receuil et parallele des édifices en tout genre, anciens et modernes" This first book contains modern and ancient architectural examples, all the plans are at the same scale.

1802-1805 : "Precis des lecons d'architecture données à l'ecole polythechnique" The first volume exposes a complete method to compose a project and a method to analyse a building. To analyse a project one must go from détail to complexity. To compose a project one must go from complexity to detail.

The second volume analyses the different buildings that compose a city (plans)

In his theory he emphasized the terms of suitableness and economy. His influence on various German architects was of considerable importance.

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