John Sebastian  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

John Benson Sebastian, Jr. (March 17, 1944, in Greenwich Village, New York City) is an American songwriter and harmonica player. He is best known as a founder of The Lovin' Spoonful, a band inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000. His tie-dyed denim jacket is prominently displayed there.


Life and early career

Sebastian's father, John Benson Sr., was a noted classical harmonica player and his mother was a radio script writer. He is the godson of Vivian Vance (Ethel Mertz of I Love Lucy). He grew up surrounded by music and musicians, including Burl Ives and Woody Guthrie and hearing such players as Leadbelly and Mississippi John Hurt in his own neighborhood.

One of his first recording gigs was playing guitar and harmonica for Billy Faier's 1964 album The Beast of Billy Faier. He also recorded with Fred Neil on the Bleecker & MacDougal album in 1965. He came up through the Even Dozen Jug Band and The Mugwumps, which split to form the Lovin' Spoonful and The Mamas & the Papas. Sebastian was joined by Zal Yanovsky, Steve Boone and Joe Butler in the Spoonful, which was named after a Mississippi John Hurt song. Sebastian also played autoharp on occasion.

The Lovin' Spoonful became part of the American response to the British Invasion and was noted for such folk-flavored hits as "Jug Band Music," "Do You Believe in Magic", "Summer in the City", "Daydream", "Nashville Cats," "Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind," "Six O'Clock," "You Didn't Have to Be So Nice," and "Younger Girl." The band, however, began to implode after a 1967 marijuana bust in San Francisco involving Yanovsky, a Canadian citizen. Facing deportation, he gave up the name of his dealer, which caused a fan backlash and internal strife. Neither John Sebastian nor Joe Butler was involved in the matter; they weren't even in San Francisco at the time. Yanovsky subsequently left the band and was replaced by Jerry Yester.

Solo career

Sebastian left the Lovin' Spoonful in 1968 although he and the original band reunited briefly to appear in the film One Trick Pony starring Paul Simon and Blair Brown. In December of 1968, a musical he composed the music and lyrics for, Jimmy Shine, opened on Broadway with Dustin Hoffman in the title role.

He embarked on a moderately successful solo career after leaving the Lovin' Spoonful in 1968. Sebastian was popular among the rock festival circuits. He had a memorable, albeit unscheduled appearance at Woodstock, appearing after Country Joe McDonald's set, playing songs such as "I Had A Dream," "Rainbows All Over Your Blues," "Darling Be Home Soon" and "Younger Generation," which he dedicated to a newborn baby at the festival. Documentary remarks by festival organizers revealed that Sebastian was under the influence of marijuana at the time, hence his spontaneity and casual, unplanned set. "By the time I got to Woodstock I remained a pot smoker, but there was a natural high there," says Sebastian. "In an interview it is the easy thing to say 'yeah, I was really high,' but it was actually a very small part of the event. In fact, I had a small part of some pill that someone gave me before I went onstage, but it wasn't a real acid feeling." Sebastian also returned for Woodstock '94, playing harmonica for Crosby, Stills and Nash. Sebastian released his eponymous LP John B. Sebastian in 1970, which featured him accompanied by various L.A. musicians.

Sebastian played harmonica with The Doors on the song Roadhouse Blues under the pseudonym G. Pugliese to avoid problems with his contract, which was featured on Morrison Hotel album. He also played on "Little Red Rooster" on the live album Alive, She Cried and on seven songs on Live In Detroit. He is also credited with playing harmonica on Crosby Stills Nash & Young's "Déjà Vu" from the album of the same name.

In 1976, Sebastian had a number one single with, "Welcome Back", the theme song to the Welcome Back, Kotter television show, which found new life decades later when a sample from it became the hook for rapper Mase's 2004 hit "Welcome Back". Recently, he has played with John Sebastian and the J-Band, a jug band including Fritz Richmond from the Jim Kweskin Jug Band, Yank Rachell, an original jug-band leader, and Geoff Muldaur.

Several modern musicians cite him as a large influence, including renowned blues harmonica player, Mike Tetrault. As a songwriter, Sebastian's songs have been covered by Elvis Costello ("The Room Nobody Lives In"), Dolly Parton, Del McCoury, Helen Reddy, Brenda Lee, Johnny Cash, Bobby Darin, Slade, Joe Cocker and Jimmy Buffett ("Stories We Could Tell").

Later career

Starting in 1978 John wrote the music for the animated special The Devil and Daniel Mouse and was even the singing voice for the character of Daniel Mouse. In the 1980s, Sebastian continued to write and perform music for several productions from Nelvana Limited Productions, a reputable Canada-based animation studio whose more recent output includes the TV series Braceface (which starred, and was co-produced by, Alicia Silverstone.) and the same studio which produced The Devil and Daniel Mouse. John wrote and sang the theme song/narration for Nelvana's TV pilot The Get Along Gang (none of which was kept, however, when DIC Entertainment took over the project thereafter). Sebastian also composed and performed "Care Bear Countdown," the theme song for Nelvana's Care Bears TV series, along with numerous tunes for the The Care Bears Movie trilogy which preceded it (consisting of Care Bears Movie 2: A New Generation and The Care Bears Adventure in Wonderland).

In later years, Sebastian hosted several television programs regarding '60s' music, including infomercials for compilations sets, and a half-hour program called The Golden Age of Rock and Roll, which was usually composed of video footage of 1960s bands performing on variety shows. He also hosted a Spoonful retrospective broadcast over PBS in March 2007, talking about various Spoonful numbers in between vintage video clips of the band up to the time he left.

In the early 1990s, Sebastian made a cameo appearance on the sitcom Married With Children, together with other famous rockstars. In 2005, he appeared on Eels' Blinking Lights and Other Revelations.

In 2007, Sebastian released a guitar instructional DVD for Homespun Video teaching solo guitar adaptations of eight of his Spoonful hits including "Daydream", "Nashville Cats", and his solo hit "Welcome Back". He has also released an instructional DVD teaching beginning level autoharp. (Sebastian played both harmonica and autoharp on Shanachie's 2002 compilation CD "Man of Constant Sorrow".)

Sebastian and the J Band appear in the documentary about the roots and influence of jug band music, which screened in August 2007 at the San Francisco Jug Band Festival and made its film festival debut in October 2007 at the Woodstock Film Festival. In the film, Sebastian humorously explains, with musical accompaniment, how his hit song "Younger Girl" was inspired by Gus Cannon's "Prison Wall Blues." He also performed at the festival with other musicians featured in the film, including Geoff Muldaur, Maria Muldaur, Jim Kweskin and David Grisman.

He was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2008.

The title of a novel by British writer Tony Parsons - Stories We Could Tell - comes from the Sebastian song.Template:Fact

Solo discography

Original U.S. Singles

Release Year Label/Catalog # Titles (A-side / B-side) Billboard Top Singles Cashbox
1969 Kama Sutra KA-256 She's A Lady / The Room Nobody Lives In
1970 Reprise 0902 Magical Connection / Fa-Fana-Fa
1970 Reprise 0918 What She Thinks About / Red Eye Express
1970 MGM 14122 Rainbows All Over Your Blues / You're A Big Boy Now
1971 Reprise 1026 I Don't Want Nobody Else / Sweet Muse
1971 Reprise 1050 Well Well Well / We'll See
1972 Reprise 1074 Give Us A Break / Music For People Who Don't Speak English
1976 Reprise 1349 Welcome Back / Warm Baby
1976 Reprise 1355 Hideaway / One Step Forward, Two Steps Back

Original U.S. Vinyl Albums

Release Year Label/Catalog # Album Title Billboard Album Chart
1970 Reprise RS 6379 John B. Sebastian
1970 MGM SE-4654 John B. Sebastian (exact same album as above, with a different cover)
1970 MGM SE-4720 John Sebastian Live
1971 Reprise MS 2036 Cheapo Cheapo Productions Presents Real Live John Sebastian
1971 Reprise MS 2041 The Four of Us
1974 Reprise MS 2187 Tarzana Kid
1976 Reprise MS 2249 Welcome Back

Miscellaneous albums

  • 1982 John Sebastian Teaches Blues Harmonica Homespun Tapes
  • 1993 Tar Beach Schanachie
  • 1995 John Sebastian Line
  • 1996 I Want My Roots John Sebastian and the J-Band; Music Masters
  • 1996 King Biscuit Flower Hour [live] King Biscuit Flower
  • 1996 John Sebastian Teaches Beginning Blues Harmonica Homespun Tapes
  • 1997 Do What Know? With Jimmy Vivino & The Rekooperators Music Masters
  • 1999 Chasin' Gus' Ghost Hollywood
  • 2001 One Guy, One Guitar [live] Hux; concert performances from 1981 and 1984, originally broadcast on the BBC
  • 2001 Faithful Virtue: The Reprise Recordings Rhino Handmade
  • 2002 Man of Constant Sorrow: Instrumental Impressions of the American Heartland Schanachie, as licensed to the St. Clair Entertainment Group.
  • 2007 Satisfied John Sebastian And David Grisman Acoustic Disc

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "John Sebastian" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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