Joos van Cleve  

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Madonna and Child with Carnation (Cincinnati version, 1530-35) by Joos van Cleve
Madonna and Child with Carnation (Cincinnati version, 1530-35) by Joos van Cleve

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Joos ( also Joost ) van Cleve ( van Beke ) (ca. 1480/90, Cleves - 1540/41, Antwerp), was a Netherlandish painter who was active in Antwerp from 1511 to 1540. He died between November 1540 and April 1541.

He was one of twenty van Cleefs who painted in Antwerp, but whether the well-known Henry, Martin, and William (the younger) were kin of his cannot be determined. Of his father, William (the elder), we know only that he was a member of he Antwerp Academy, which body Joos joined.

He is the father of the painter Cornelis (Sotte Cleef) van Cleve (1520-c.1569).

He is known primarily for his religious and portrait painting. Among his best known works are portraits of Francis I and Eleonora of Austria, King and Queen of France. He collaborated with Joachim Patinir on some works.

He is also known for integrating Northern and Southern modes of painting, as wells as using certain aspects of his compositions repeatedly, to please the growing art market.



In chronological order

  • The Holy Family (1515), Akademie der bildenden Kunste, Vienna
  • Self-Portrait (1519), Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
  • The Death of the Virgin (1520), Alte Pinakothek, Munich
  • Man with the Rosary (1520), National Museum, Belgrade
  • Altarpiece of the Lamentation (1520–25), Musée du Louvre, Paris
  • The Suicide of Lucretia (1520–25), Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • Portrait of a Man and Woman (1520 and 1527), Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • The Annunciation (1525), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  • The Infants Christ and Saint John the Baptist Embracing (1525–30), Art Institute, Chicago
  • Adoration of the Magi (1526–28), Gemaldegalerie, Dresden
  • Portrait of Eleonora, Queen of Florence (1530), Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • Virgin and Child (1535), Landesmuseum, Oldenburg

Dates unknown

  • Death of the Virgin, Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne
  • The Holy Family, The Hermitage, St. Petersburg
  • Mona Vanna, National Gallery, Prague
  • Portrait of Agniete ven den Rijne, Rijksmuseum Twenthe, Enschede
  • Portrait of Anthonis van Hilten, Rijksmuseum Twenthe, Enschede
  • St. Anne with the Virgin and Child and St. Joachim, Musee Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels
  • Virgin and Child, Szepmuveszeti Muzeum, Budapest

Reference for all works except Mona Vanna


  • P. Rombouts et T. van Lerius, Les Liggeren (...), Anvers-La Haye, 1864-1876, I, passim et II, p. 303.
  • A. Siret, in B.N., IV, 1873.
  • G. Hulin de Loo, Conjecture touchant le Sotte van Cleve. Jan (Joès) van Ghinderick alias van Cleve, in Petite Rev. illustrée de l'Art et de l'Archéol. en Flandre, 1903, 12-13, pp. 87-91 et 15-16, pp. 115-118.
  • V. van der Haeghen, La Corporation des Peintres et des Sculpteurs de Gand, Bruxelles, 1906, passim.

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