Joris Hoefnagel  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Related e



Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Joris Hoefnagel or Georg Hoefnagel (1542 – 24 July 1601) was a Flemish painter and engraver, the son of a diamond merchant.



Hoefnagel was born in Antwerp. He travelled abroad, making drawings from archaeological subjects, and was a pupil of Hans Bol at Mechlin. He was afterwards patronized by the elector of Bavaria at Munich, where he stayed eight years, and by the Emperor Rudolph at Prague. He died at Vienna in 1601. His son, Jacob Hoefnagel, was also a painter.

He is famous for his miniature work, especially on a missal in the imperial library at Vienna; he painted animals and plants to illustrate works on natural history; and his engravings (especially for Braun's Civitates orbis terrarum, 1572, and Ortelius's Theatrum orbis terrarum, 1570) give him an interesting place among early topographical draftsmen.

Hoefnagel was commissioned by Rudolf II to illustrate the Mira calligraphiae monumenta (the Model Book of Calligraphy), which he began around 1590, more than 15 years after the death of the calligrapher, Georg Bocskay. In the work, Hoefnagel's illuminations are primarily botanical, but also include small animals and insects.

During his travels to England, c. 1569-71, he painted his only known large-scale panel painting, a panorama of English society in the Elizabethan era called variously A FĂȘte at Bermondsey, A Marriage Feast at Bermondsey, or A Wedding at Bermondsey. He died in Vienna.

List of illustrations

See also


  • Hearn, Karen, ed. Dynasties: Painting in Tudor and Jacobean England 1530-1630. New York: Rizzoli, 1995. ISBN 0-8478-1940-X.
  • Strong, Roy,The English Icon: Elizabethan and Jacobean Portraiture, 1969, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London (Strong 1969)

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Joris Hoefnagel" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools