From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1212 - The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.
- 1778 - American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
- 1806 - The Vellore Mutiny was the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company
- 1821 - The United States takes possession of its newly-bought territory of Florida from Spain.
- 1873 - Paul Verlaine shoots Arthur Rimbaud in a Brussels hotel, wounding him in the wrist. The Belgian courts convict him to the maximum two-year sentence.
- 1925 - Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called "Monkey Trial" begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher, accused of teaching evolution in violation of a Tennessee state law.
- 1985 - Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland, New Zealand Harbor by French DGSE agents.
- 2002 - At a Sotheby's auction, Peter Paul Rubens' painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Lord Kenneth Thomson.
- 1962 - Martin Luther King & Abernathy choose to go to jail for their part in December Albany demonstrations.
- 1509 - John Calvin, French religious reformer (d. 1564)
- 1640 - Aphra Behn, one of the first English professional female writers (d. 1689)
- 1638 - David Teniers III, Flemish painter (d. 1685)
- 1830 - Camille Pissarro, French painter (d. 1903)
- 1856 - Nikola Tesla, Serb-American inventor (d. 1943)
- 1871 - Marcel Proust, French writer (d. 1922)
- 1888 - Giorgio de Chirico, Italian painter (d. 1978)
- 1895 - Carl Orff, German composer (d. 1982)
- 1899 - André Souris, Belgian composer (d. 1970)
- 1957 - Captain Sky, American bass player.
- 1584 - William I of Orange (b. 1533)
- 1653 - Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (b. 1600)
- 1851 - Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (b. 1787)
- 1987 - John H. Hammond, American record producer (b. 1910)