Karl Kraus (writer)  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Karl Kraus (April 28, 1874 – June 12, 1936) was an Austrian writer and journalist, known as a satirist, essayist, aphorist, playwright and poet. He is regarded as one of the foremost German-language satirists of the 20th century, especially for his witty criticism of the press, German culture, and German and Austrian politics.

Selected works

  • Die demolierte Literatur [Demolished Literature] (1897)
  • Eine Krone für Zion [A Crown for Zion] (1898)
  • Sittlichkeit und Kriminalität [Morality and Criminal Justice] (1908)
  • Sprüche und Widersprüche [Sayings and Contradictions] (1909)
  • Die chinesische Mauer [The Wall of China] (1910)
  • Pro domo et mundo [For Home and for the World] (1912)
  • Nestroy und die Nachwelt [ Nestroy and Posterity](1913)
  • Worte in Versen (1916–30)
  • Die letzten Tage der Menschheit (1918)
  • Weltgericht [World Court] (1919)
  • Nachts [At Night] (1919)
  • Untergang der Welt durch schwarze Magie [The End of the World Through Black Magic](1922)
  • Literatur (Literature) (1921)
  • Traumstück [Dream Piece] (1922)
  • Die letzten Tage der Menschheit: Tragödie in fünf Akten mit Vorspiel und Epilog [The Last Days of Mankind: Tragedy in Five Acts with Preamble and Epilogue] (1922)
  • Wolkenkuckucksheim [Cloud Cuckoo Land] (1923)
  • Traumtheater [Dream Theatre] (1924)
  • Epigramme [Epigrams] (1927)
  • Die Unüberwindlichen [The Insurmountables] (1928)
  • Literatur und Lüge [Literature and Lies] (1929)
  • Shakespeares Sonette (1933)
  • Die Sprache [Language] (posthumous, 1937)
  • Die dritte Walpurgisnacht [The Third Walpurgis Night] (posthumous, 1952)

Some work has been re-issued in recent years:

Works in English translation

  • The Last Days of Mankind: a Tragedy in Five Acts (1974), an abridgement tr. Alexander Gode and Sue Allen Wright
  • In These Great Times: A Karl Kraus Reader (1984), ed. Harry Zohn, contains translated excerpts from Die Fackel, including poems with the original German text alongside, and a drastically abridged translation of The Last Days of Mankind.
  • Anti-Freud: Karl Kraus' Criticism of Psychoanalysis and Psychiatry (1990) by Thomas Szasz contains Szasz's translations of several of Kraus' articles and aphorisms on psychiatry and psychoanalysis.
  • Half Truths and One-and-a-Half Truths: selected aphorisms (1990) translated by Hary Zohn. Chicago ISBN 0226452689.
  • Dicta and Contradicta, tr. Jonathan McVity (2001), a collection of aphorisms.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Karl Kraus (writer)" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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