Kinesis (biology)  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Kinesis, like a taxis, is a movement or activity of a cell or an organism in response to a stimulus. However, unlike taxis, the response to the stimulus provided (such as gas exposure, light intensity or ambient temperature) is non-directional.

The two main types of kineses include:

Orthokinesis: in which the speed of movement of the individual is dependent upon the intensity of the stimulus. Take, for example, the locomotion of a woodlice in relation to temperature. With increased humidity there is an increase in the percentage time that the woodlice will remain stationary.

Klinokinesis: in which the frequency or rate of turning is proportional to stimulus intensity.

Both orthokinesis and klinokineses result in aggregations. However, the stimulus does not act to attract or repel individuals.

The same prefixes used with "taxis" can be applied to kineses; see also -kinesis.

Kinesis is an animals non-directional response to a stimulus, for example humidity. The animal does not move toward or away the stimulus but moves at either a slow or fast rate depending on its "comfort zone." In this case a fast movement(non random) means that the animal is searching for its comfort zone but a slow movement indicates that it has found it.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Kinesis (biology)" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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