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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Lapsus is an involuntary mistake made while writing or speaking. According to Freud, in his early psychoanalytic theory it represents a missed deed that hides an unconscious desire.

In literature there are a number of different lapsus depending on the mode of correspondence:

Types of Slips of the Tongue

Slips can happen on any level:

  • Syntactic - is instead of was.
  • Phrasal slips of tongue - I'll explain this tornado later.
  • Lexical/semantic - moon full instead of full moon.
  • Morphological level - workings paper
  • Phonological (sound slips) - flow snurries instead of snow flurries

Additionally, each of these three levels of error may take various forms:

  • Anticipations: Where an early output item is corrupted by an element belonging to a later one. Thus "reading list" - "leading list".
  • Perseverations: Where a later output item is corrupted by an element belonging to an earlier one. Thus "waking rabbits" - "waking wabbits".
  • Deletions: Where an output element is somehow totally lost. Thus "same state" - "same sate".
  • Shift: Moving a letter. Thus "black foxes" - "back floxes".
  • Haplologies: half one word and half the other. Thus "stummy" instead of "stomach or tummy". (Smith, 2003)Template:Volume needed
  • Pun

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Lapsus" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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