List of Church Fathers  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The following is a list of Christian Church Fathers. Catholics generally regard the Patristic period to have closed with the death of John of Damascus, a Doctor of the Church, in 749. However, Eastern Orthodox Christians believe that the Patristic period is ongoing. Therefore, the list is split into two tables.


Until John of Damascus

Church Father Date of death Notes
Adrian the monk of Antioch wrote a manual on the Antiochene method of Scriptural exegesis<ref name="OCE">Template:Citation</ref>
Alexander of Alexandria<ref name="AI">Template:Citation</ref>326 
Alexander of Lycopolis4th century 
Ambrose of Milan397one of the Four Great Doctors of the Western Church; strongly opposed Arianism
Amphilochius of Iconium<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="AI" />before 403 
Ananias of Shirak<ref name="AI" /><ref name="PR">Template:Citation</ref>7th centurywrote a work on Christmas and one on Easter
Anastasius Sinaita<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="AI" />7th century 
Andrew of Caesarea<ref name="OCE" />6th centurycommented on the Apocalypse
Andrew of Crete<ref name="AI" />8th centuryauthor of the 250-strophe Great Canon
Anthony the Great<ref name="OCE" />356 
Aphraates367Mesopotamian bishop who authored 23 homilies<ref name="OCE" />
Apollinaris of Laodicea  
Apollonius of Ephesus210 
Archelaus  wrote against Manichaeism
Aristides the Athenian<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="AI" />134 
Aristo of Pella<ref name="OCE" />2nd century 
Arnobius<ref name="OCE" />330author of Against the Heathen
Arsenius the Great445 
Aspringius of Beja commented on the Apocalypse<ref name="ACCR">Template:Citation</ref>
Asterius of Amasea<ref name="AI" />405wrote sermons on morality including topics like divorce and covetousness, and the parables of Jesus Christ
Athanasius373one of the Four Great Doctors of the Eastern Church
Athenagoras of Athens<ref name="OCE" />190wrote in defense of the resurrection of the dead<ref name="AI" />
Atticus<ref name="OCE" />420s 
Augustine of Hippo430one of the Four Great Doctors of the Western Church (Doctor Gratiae)
Aurelius Prudentius<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="AI" />early 5th centurycommented on the Psalms<ref name="PS5">Template:Citation</ref>
Avitus of Vienne<ref name="OCE" />523author of the five-book poem De spiritualis historiae gestis; converted King Sigismund; combated Arianism
Barnabas<ref name="AI" />61 
Basil the Great of Caesarea379one of the Four Great Doctors of the Eastern Church and one of the Three Holy Hierarchs; father of monachism
Bede<ref name="OCE" />735Doctor of the Church and author of Ecclesiastical History of the English People
Benedict of Nursia<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="AI" />547best known for the Rule of St Benedict
Boethius<ref name="AI" />520sauthor of Consolation of Philosophy
Braulio of Saragossa651commented on the Psalms<ref name="PS5" />
Caesarius of Arles<ref name="OCE" />542commented on the Apocalypse
Caius3rd century 
Cassiodorus<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="AI" />585 
Chromatius<ref name="AI" />407wrote sermons on the Gospel of Matthew
Clement of Alexandria210s 
Clement of Rome90s 
Coelius Sedulius<ref name="OCE" />5th century 
Columba of Iona<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="AI" />597 
Commodianus3rd century 
Cyprian of Carthage<ref name="OCE" />258 
Cyril of Alexandria444Doctor of the Church (Doctor Incarnationis) combated the Nestorian heresy
Cyril of Jerusalem386Doctor of the Church who wrote thorough instructions to catechumens and baptized Christians<ref name="OCE" />
Pope Damasus I384 
Didymus the Blind<ref name="OCE" />398teacher of Jerome and Rufinus; follower of Origen; opponent of Arianism and the Macedonian heresy; works condemned at the Fifth Ecumenical Council and the Sixth Ecumenical Council
Diodore of Tarsus<ref name="OCE" />390 
Dionysius of Corinth<ref name="OCE" />2nd century 
Pope Dionysius of Rome<ref name="OCE" />268combated Sabellianism
Dionysius the Areopagite  
Pope Dionysius the Great of Alexandria265 
Ephrem the Syrian373Doctor of the Church
Epiphanius of Salamis403friend of Jerome who strongly opposed Origenism and wrote a history of heresies
Eucherius of Lyon<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="AI" />449 
Eugippius<ref name="PR" />6th century 
Eusebius of Caesarea339 
Eusebius of Emesa360commented on Genesis<ref name="ACCG">Template:Citation</ref>
Eusebius of Vercelli<ref name="OCE" />371 
Firmilian<ref name="OCE" />269 
Fulgentius of Ruspe6th century 
Gaius Marius Victorinus4th centurycombated Arianism<ref name="OCE" />
Gennadius of Massilia<ref name="OCE" />496 
Pope Gregory I the Great604one of the Four Great Doctors of the Western Church and author of Dialogues
Gregory of Nazianzus389one of the Four Great Doctors of the Eastern Church; one of three Orthodox saints honored with the title "The Theologian;" one of the Three Holy Hierarchs
Gregory of Nyssa394 
Gregory of Tours<ref name="AI" />594 
Gregory Thaumaturgus270 
Hegesippus of Palestine<ref name="OCE" />180a Jewish convert who combated Gnosticism and Marcionism
Hermias<ref name="AI" />3rd century 
Hesychius of Jerusalem5th century 
Hilary of Poitiers367Doctor of the Church
Hippolytus of Rome<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="AI" />235 
Ignatius of Antioch107 
Irenaeusend of 2nd or beginning of 3rd century 
Isaac of Nineveh700ascetic author of many spiritual homilies who commented on the Psalms<ref name="PS5" /> and contributed significantly to Syrian piety; was not Christologically Nestorian<ref name="ION">Template:Citation</ref>
Isho’dad of Mery commented on the Book of Job
Isidore of Pelusium449author of 2000 letters dealing primarily with allegorical exegesis<ref name="OCE" />
Isidore of Seville<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="AI" />636Doctor of the Church
Jacob of Serugh<ref name="PR" /><ref name="PS5" /><ref name="JP">Template:Citation</ref>521a.k.a. Mar Jacob
Jerome420one of the Four Great Doctors of the Western Church
John Cassian<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="JP" />435 
John Chrysostom407one of the Four Great Doctors of the Eastern Church and one of the Three Holy Hierarchs
John Climacus<ref name="JP" />606 
John of Damascus749Doctor of the Church and author of An Exact Exposition of the Orthodox Faith and ascetic and exegetical writings and hymns; Peter Lombard based his Four Books of Sentences on the works of John of Damascus and Thomas Aquinas based his Summa Theologica on Peter Lombard's Sentences
Julianus Pomerius<ref name="OCE" /> author of De Vita Contemplativa concerning Christian sanctity
Julius Firmicus Maternus4th century 
Justin Martyr165 
Juvencus<ref name="OCE" />4th century 
Pope Leo I the Great461Doctor of the Church
Leontius of Byzantium<ref name="OCE" />543 
Lucian of Antioch<ref name="OCE" />312 
Lucifer<ref name="OCE" />370combated Arianism and defended Athanasius at the Council of Milan in 354
Macarius of Alexandria<ref name="JP" />395 
Macarius of Egypt<ref name="JP" />391 
Malchion played key role in the deposition of Paul of Samosata
Marcus Minucius Felix<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="JP" /> author of Octavianus
Marius Mercator451made a compilation on Nestorianism and another on Pelagianism<ref name="OCE" />
Martin of Bruga4th centurycommented on the Psalms<ref name="PS5" />
Martin of Tours<ref name="JP" />397 
Mathetes  author of an Epistle to Diognetus
Maximus of Turin<ref name="OCE" />465 
Maximus the Confessor<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="JP" />662 
Meletius of Antioch<ref name="JP" />381 
Melito of Sardis180author of an important sermon called On Pascha about the Resurrection of Jesus Christ
Methodius of Olympus<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="JP" />311combated Origenism
Moses of Chorene490author of A History of Armenia
Nectarius of Constantinople<ref name="JP" />398 
Nicetas of Remesiana the patron saint of Romania commented on the Psalms<ref name="PS5" />
Nilus of Sinai430 
Nonnus5th century 
Novatian<ref name="OCE" />258commented on the Psalms<ref name="PS5" />
Oecumenius6th century author of the first extant Greek commentary on the Apocalypse<ref name="ACCR" />
Optatus4th centurycombated Donatism<ref name="OCE" />
Origen of Alexandria254posthumously anathematized at Fifth Ecumenical Council (533)
Orosius<ref name="OCE" />420 
Pachomius<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="JP" />348Father of Christian cenobitic monasticism
Pacian of Barcelona<ref name="JP" />391combated Novatianism
Palladius of Helenopolis<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="JP" />5th century 
Pamphilus of Caesarea309 
Pantamus214first to make the Catechetical school of Alexandria famous<ref name="OCE" />
Papias<ref name="JP" />155disciple of John the Evangelist and Ariston<ref name="OCE" />
Patrick<ref name="JP" />5th century 
Paulinus of Nola<ref name="JP" />431 
Peter Chrysologus450Doctor of the Church
Pope Peter of Alexandria311 
Philip the priest commented on the Book of Job
Philoxenus of Hierapolis<ref name="PR" />6th centuryauthor of 13 ascetic discourses who combated Nestorianism, Manichaeism, and Marcionism
Poemen commented on the Psalms<ref name="PS5" />
Proclus of Constantinople440s 
Prohaeresius<ref name="OCE" />367 
Prosper of Aquitaine<ref name="OCE" />455 
Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite author of The Divine Names, The Mystical Theology, The Celestial Hierarchy, The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy, and the non-extant Theological Outlines; quoted extensively in the Summa Theologica of Thomas Aquinas
Quadratus of Athens<ref name="OCE" />2nd centurywrote a non-extant apology to Emperor Hadrian
Rabbula<ref name="PR" /><ref name="QZ">Template:Citation</ref>435ascetic and energetic bishop of Edessa and ally of Cyril of Alexandria who opposed the heretical teachings of Nestorius
Romanos the Melodist<ref name="QZ" />556
Sahdona commented on the Psalms<ref name="PS5" />
Salvian<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="QZ" />490sGallic author of On the government of God
Severian of Gabala408commented on Genesis<ref name="ACCG" /> and the First and Second Epistle to the Corinthians
Severus of Antioch<ref name="PR" /><ref name="QZ" />6th century 
Sextus Julius Africanus<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="JP" />3rd century 
Sidonius Apollinaris<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="QZ" />  
Socrates of Constantinople5th century 
Sophronius<ref name="QZ" />638 
Sulpicius Severus<ref name="QZ" />420disciple and biographer of Martin of Tours and author of an Ecclesiastical History<ref name="OCE" />
Synesius of Syrene<ref name="OCE" /><ref name="QZ" />414 
Tertullian222died a Montanist
Theodore of Mopsuestia<ref name="OCE" />428commented on Acts of the Apostles and the First and Second Epistle to the Corinthians
Theodoret of Cyrus457continuator of Eusebius of Caesarea<ref name="OCE" />
Theodotus of Ancyra4th century 
Theophilus of Antioch<ref name="OCE" />180sfirst writer known to have used the term Trinity to describe the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit
Tichonius390commented on the Apocalypse; his seven principles of interpretation from his Book of Rules inspired Augustine of Hippo <ref name="ACCR" />
Tyrannius Rufinus410friend of Jerome and continuator of Eusebius of Caesarea<ref name="OCE" /> who commented on the Psalms<ref name="PS5" />
Valerian of Cimiez commented on the Psalms<ref name="PS5" />
Venantius Fortunatus600swrote a poem on Easter
Victor of Antioch commented on the Gospel of Mark<ref name="OCE" />
Victorinus of Pettau303author of On the Creation of the World and a Commentary on the Apocalypse of the Blessed John
Vincent of Lérins450 
Zeno of Verona371 
Pope Zephyrinus217commented on the Psalms

After John of Damascus

Church Father Date of death Notes
Athanasius the Athonite<ref name="AI" />1000 
Gregory Palamas<ref name="AZK">Template:Citation</ref>1359Pillar of Orthodoxy and defender of Hesychasm
Innocent of Alaska1879his The Way Into the Kingdom of Heaven is often used as an Orthodox catechism<ref name="AI" />
Mark of Ephesus<ref name="JP" />1444Pillar of Orthodoxy
Nicholas Cabasilas<ref name="JP" />1391 
Photius the Great<ref name="JP" /><ref name="AZK" />893Pillar of Orthodoxy and author of Bibliotheca
Symeon Metaphrastes<ref name="QZ"/>10th century 
Symeon the New Theologian<ref name="AZK" />1022one of three Orthodox saints honored with the title "The Theologian"
Theodore the Studite826 
Theophan the Recluse<ref name="QZ" />1894 

Notes and references


See also

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