List of Navarrese consorts  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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This is a list of those men and women who have been royal consorts of the Kingdom of Navarre. Because the laws of Navarre did not prohibit women from inheriting the crown, on a number of occasions, the Kingdom was inherited or transmitted via heiresses. Thus, whilst most of the royal consorts were women, who held the title of queen consort, several were men, who by their marriages held the title of king, and who are given regnal designations in the lists of Navarrese kings and queens regnant.

Most of these men, although granted power through marriage rather than through inheritance, nonetheless were significant or dominant in their marriages and the rule of the country; indeed, one king by marriage, John II of Navarre (who would late in life also become John II of Aragon by rightful inheritance), husband of Blanche I of Navarre, refused to surrender the crown following her death to their son, Charles of Viana, the rightful heir to the Kingdom, instead retaining the power for himself.

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Vicissitudes of the crown

From 1285 - 1328, the crowns of Navarre and France were united by virtue of the marriage of Joan I of Navarre, Queen regnant of Navarre and queen consort of France, to King Philip IV of France (who became King-by-marriage of Navarre), and by the succession of their three sons, Louis I/X, Philip II/V, and Charles I/IV. Thus, the wives of these three Kings were Queen-consort of both France and Navarre. However, the inheritance of Navarre by Philip II/V and Charles I/IV following the death of Louis I/X, and his son John I, was, strictly speaking, against the laws of Navarre: that realm did not employ salic law, meaning that the Kingdom should have passed to Jeanne, heiress of Louis, rather than to Philip, the next male heir of Joan I. However, Jeanne being a young child still, and her uncles being of Navarrese blood, she was denied her rights until the death of Charles in 1328, at which point the male-line of Joan I died out, and Jeanne was allowed to inherit Navarre. Her husband, Philip of Évreux, became King Philip III of Navarre with his wife due to this.

Thereafter, Navarre on several occasions experienced an extinction of its ruling male line, and consequent absorption or inclusion in the lands of other families. In most cases, the beginning of a new dynasty in Navarre was preceded by the father of the new monarch serving as royal consort - the exception being the De Foix family, none of whom ever served as Navarrese consorts (due to the death of Gaston IV, Count of Foix prior to the inheritance of his wife).

In 1512-13, Upper Navarre, the portion of the Kingdom below the Pyrenees and the independent portion of the Kingdom from which the crown derived, was occupied by Spanish forces under Ferdinand the Catholic, the son of John II, and husband of Germaine de Foix (an heiress of Navarre), driving out the king and queen, John III and Catherine I. Ferdinand was proclaimed King of Navarre by the cortes there; his wife became queen consort of the realm, and thereafter the de facto queens consort of Navarre are identical with the queens consort of Spain. John and Catherine maintained claims to Navarre, which were inherited by their heirs, and their line continued to use the titles of King and Queen of Navarre; however, all that remained to them were the feudal lands they held from the French crown, and they ceased to be monarchs other than by right.

The final dynastic change was the marriage of Joan III to Antoine de Bourbon, an heir to the French throne, and the subsequent succession to the throne of their son, Henry III. He later became King of France as Henry IV, and French and Navarrese queens consort once again become one and the same. However, the Navarrese crown and lands were merged into the French crown in 1620, and thereafter the French queens consort, though honorifically still queens consort of Navarre, ceased to be so in any real sense.

House of Íñiguez (c.824-905)

Name House Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
perhaps Urraca García Íñiguez
Leodegundia Ordoñez of León Pérez Dynasty unknown
Auria 880 Fortún Garcés the One-Eyed
Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse

House of Jiménez (905-1234)

Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse
Toda Aznarez Íñiguez c.885 925 Husband's Death c.970 Sancho I Garcés
Sancha Aznarez Íñiguez 925 931 Husband's Death Jimeno Garcés
Andregota Galíndez Aragon 931 divorce García Sánchez I
Teresa of León Pérez Dynasty
Urraca Fernández Castile 962 994 Husband's death Sancho II Garcés Abarca
Ximena Fernández Counts of Cea 994 1000 Husband's Death García Sánchez II
Muniadona Mayor Castile 1010 1035
Estefanía de Barcelona Barcelona 1038 1054 1058 García Sánchez III
Placencia 1068  ?  ? Sancho IV
Felicie de Roucy Counts of Roucy  ? 1076 1094 Husband's Death 1123 Sancho V
Agnes of Aquitaine Aquitaine/Poitou c.1070 1086 1094 June 6, 1097 Peter I
Bertha of Italy October 16, 1097 1104
Urraca of Castile Jiménez Dynasty (Castilian-
Leonese branch
)
1082 October 1109  ? 1114 divorce 1126 Alfonso I
Marguerite de l'Aigle lords of l'Aigle After 1130 1134 Before 1144 García Ramírez
Urraca of Castile Burgundy (Castilian-
Leonese branch
)
24 June 1144 1150
Sancha of Castile 1137 1157 1179 Sancho VI
Constance of Toulouse Toulouse between 1176 and 1189 1194  ? Sancho VII the Strong
Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse

House of Champagne (1234-1284)

Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse
Margaret of Bourbon Bourbon 1234 1253 Theobald I the Troubador
Isabelle of France Capet 2 March 1241 6 April 1255 4 December 1270 28 January 1271 Theobald II the Young
Blanche of Artois Artois c.1248 1269 4 December 1270 July 1274 2 May 1300 Henry I the Fat
Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse

House of Capet (1284-1349)

Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse
Margaret of Burgundy Ducal Burgundy 1290 23 September 1305 15 August 1315 Louis I the Quarrelsome
Clementia of Hungary Anjou 1293 19 August 1315 5 June 1316 12 October 1328
Joan II of Burgundy ChâlonsBurgundy 1291 1307 20 November 1316  ? 3 January 1322 21 January 1330 Philip II the Tall
Blanche of Burgundy c.1296 1308 3 January 1322 Never Crowned 19 May 1322 April 1326 Charles I the Fair
Mary of Luxembourg Luxembourg 1304 21 September 1322 26 March 1324
Joanna of Évreux Évreux 1310 5 July 1325 11 May 1326 1 February 1328 husband's death 4 March 1371
Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse

House of Évreux (1328-1441)

Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse
Joanna of France Valois 24 June 1343 February 1352 3 November 1373 Charles II the Bad
Eleanor of Castile Trastámara (Castilian branch) c.1363  ?  ? 1416 Charles III the Noble
Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse

House of Trastámara (1425-1479)

Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse
Agnes of Cleves Cleves 1422 30 September 1439 3 April 1441 (De Jure only - her husband, rightfully King, never achieved power) None 6 April 1448 Charles, Prince of Viana, De Jure Charles IV of Navarre
Juana Enríquez Enríquez 1425 1447 (De Facto only, her husband not being rightfully King of Navarre) 1468 John II the Great, De Facto King of Navarre
Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse

House of Albret (1483-1572)

Name House Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Margaret of Angoulême Valois–Angoulême 11 April 1492 1526 De Jure 1526 21 December 1549 Henry II
Anthony of Bourbon Bourbon 22 April 1518 20 October 1548 De Jure 25 May 1555 17 November 1562 Joan III
Name House Birth Marriage Became Consort Coronation Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

House of Bourbon (1572-1620)

Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse
Margaret of France Valois–Angoulême 14 May 1553 18 August 1572 De Jure 18 August 1572 1599 Annulment 27 May 1615 Henry III
Marie de' Medici Medici 26 April 1573 October 1600 De Jure October 1600 14 May 1610 3 July 1642
Anne of Austria Habsburg (Spanish branch) 22 September 1601 24 November 1615 De Jure 24 November 1615 1620 Title merged in French Crown 20 January 1666 Louis II
Name House Birth Marriage Became consort Coronation Ceased to be consort Death Spouse

Monarchs of Navarre since 1620

Henry III of Navarre became Henry IV of France and thereafter the crown of Navarre passed to the kings of France. In 1620, the Kingdom was merged into France, although the French kings continued to use the title King of Navarre until 1791, and it was revived from 1814 to 1830 during the Restoration. In Spain (which is the actual country to where most of the territories of historical Navarre belong), the monarch uses the title King of Navarre as part of his more extended titulary.

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "List of Navarrese consorts" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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