Name
 Life
 School
 Notes

Acrion
 fifth / fourth century BC
 Pythagorean
 visited by Plato

Adrastus of Aphrodisias
 second century AD
 Peripatetic
 wrote commentaries on Aristotle's works and a commentary on Plato's Timmeus

Aedesia
 fifth century AD
 Neoplatonic
 wife of Hermias, and mother of Ammonius and Heliodorus

Aedesius
 third / fourth century AD
 Neoplatonic
 studied under Iamblichus before founding his own school in Pergamum

Aeneas of Gaza
 fifth / sixth century AD
 Neoplatonic
 a Christian convert who studied under Hierocles

Aenesidemus
 first century BC?
 Pyrrhonist
 wrote a book called Pyrrhonist Discourses which became a central text for the skeptics

Aesara
 fifth / fourth century BC
 Pythagorean


Aeschines of Neapolis
 second / first century BC
 Academic skeptic


Aeschines of Sphettus
 fifth / fourth century BC
 Socratic
 part of Socrates' circle and likely present at his death

Aetius
 fourth century AD
 Peripatetic
 Antiochean convert to Christianity who studied in Alexandria

Agapius
 fifth / sixth century AD
 Neoplatonic
 studied under Marinus of Neapolis. know for his learning

Agathobulus
 first / second century AD
 Cynicism
 Known for his severe asceticism and teacher of Demonax

Agathosthenes




Agrippa the Skeptic
 first / second century AD
 Pyrrhonist
 thought to be the creator of the "five grounds of doubt"

Albinus
 second century AD
 Middle Platonist


Alcinous
 second century AD?
 Middle Platonist


Alcmaeon of Croton
 sixth / fifth century BC
 Pythagorean
 interested in medicine

Alexamenus of Teos
 fifth century BC?
 Socratic
 may have been the first to write philosophical dialogues

Alexander of Aegae
 first century AD
 Peripatetic school
 tutored the emperor Nero

Alexander of Aphrodisias
 second / third century AD
 Peripatetic school
 influential commentator on the Corpus Aristotelicum

Alexicrates
 first / second century AD
 Pythagorean


Alexinus
 fourth / third century BC
 Megarian
 founded his own school which did not fare well

Amelius
 third century AD
 Neoplatonic
 student of Plotinus who wrote voluminously

Ammonius Hermiae
 fifth / sixth century AD
 Neoplatonic


Ammonius of Athens
 first century AD
 Middle Platonist
 teacher of Plutarch

Ammonius Saccas
 second / third century AD
 Neoplatonic
 Plotinus' teacher

Anaxagoras
 fifth century BC
 Pluralist


Anaxarchus
 fourth century BC
 Atomism


Anaxilaus
 first century BC / first century AD
 Pythagorean


Anaximander
 seventh / sixth century BC
 Milesian


Anaximenes of Miletus
 sixth century BC
 Milesian


Androcydes
 second century BC?
 Pythagorean


Andronicus of Rhodes
 first century BC
 Peripatetic


Anniceris
 fourth / third century BC
 Cyrenaic


Antiochus of Ascalon
 second / first century BC
 Middle Platonist


Antipater of Cyrene
 fourth century BC
 Cyrenaic


Antipater of Tarsus
 second century BC
 Stoic


Antipater of Tyre
 first century BC
 Stoic


Antisthenes
 fifth / fourth century BC
 Cynic


Antoninus
 fourth century AD
 Neoplatonic


Apollodorus
 second century BC
 Stoic


Apollodorus of Seleucia
 second century BC
 Stoic


Apollodorus the Epicurean
 second century BC
 Epicurean


Apollonius Cronus
 fourth century BC
 Megarian


Apollonius of Tyana
 first century AD
 Neopythagorean


Apollonius of Tyre
 first century BC
 Stoic


Arcesilaus
 fourth / third century BC
 Academic skeptic


Archedemus of Tarsus
 second century BC
 Stoic


Archelaus
 fifth century BC
 Pluralist


Archytas
 fifth / fourth century BC
 Pythagorean


Arete of Cyrene
 fourth century BC
 Cyrenaic


Arignote
 sixth / fifth century BC
 Pythagorean


Aristippus
 fifth / fourth century BC
 Cyrenaic


Aristippus the Younger
 fourth century BC
 Cyrenaic


Aristoclea
 fl. 6th century BC



Aristocles of Messene
 first century AD?
 Peripatetic


Aristocreon
 third / second century BC
 Stoic


Aristo of Alexandria
 second /first century BC
 Peripatetic


Aristo of Ceos
 third / second century BC
 Peripatetic


Aristo of Chios
 fourth / third century BC
 Stoic


Aristotle
 fourth century BC
 Peripatetic
 founder of Peripatetic school

Aristotle of Cyrene
 fourth / third century BC
 Cyrenaic


Aristotle of Mytilene
 second century AD
 Peripatetic


Aristoxenus
 fourth century BC
 Peripatetic


Arius Didymus
 first century BC
 Stoic


Asclepiades of Phlius
 fourth / third century BC
 Eretrian


Asclepiades the Cynic
 fourth century AD
 Cynicism


Asclepigenia
 fifth / sixth century AD
 Neoplatonic


Asclepiodotus
 first century BC



Asclepiodotus of Alexandria
 fifth century AD
 Neoplatonic


Aspasius
 second century AD
 Peripatetic


Athenaeus of Seleucia
 first century BC
 Peripatetic


Athenodoros Cananites
 first century BC
 Stoic


Athenodoros Cordylion
 second /first century BC
 Stoic


Athenodorus of Soli
 third century BC
 Stoic


Attalus
 first century BC / first century AD
 Stoic


Atticus
 second century AD
 Middle Platonist


Basilides (Stoic)
 2nd century BC
 Stoic
 Denied the existence of incorporeal entities

Basilides the Epicurean
 Third/second century BC
 Epicurean
 Succeeded Dionysius of Lamptrai as the head of the Epicurean school at Athens

Batis of Lampsacus
 Third century BC
 Epicurean


Bion of Borysthenes
 Fourth/third century BC
 Cynic
 Once was a slave, later to be released

Boethus of Sidon
 1st century BC
 Peripatetic


Boethus of Sidon (Stoic)
 2nd century BC
 Stoic


Bolus of Mendes

 Pythagorean


Brontinus

 Pythagorean


Bryson of Achaea

 Megarian


Calliphon

 Peripatetic


Calliphon of Croton

 Pythagorean


Callistratus

 Sophist


Carneades
 c. 214 BC – 129/8 BC
 Academic skeptic


Carneiscus

 Epicurean


Cassius Longinus
 c. 213–273
 Middle Platonist


Cebes

 Pythagorean


Celsus




Cercidas

 Cynic


Cercops

 Pythagorean


Chaerephon

 Socratic


Chamaeleon

 Peripatetic


Charmadas
 164 BC  c. 95 BC
 Academic skeptic


Chrysanthius
 fl. 4th century
 Neoplatonic


Chrysippus

 Stoic


Cleanthes

 Stoic


Clearchus of Soli

 Peripatetic


Cleinias of Tarentum

 Pythagorean


Cleomedes

 Stoic


Cleomenes

 Cynic


Clinomachus

 Megarian


Clitomachus
 187 BC  109 BC
 Academic skeptic


Colotes

 Epicurean


Crantor
 born c. 350 BC
 Academic Platonist


Crates of Athens
 died 268265 BC
 Academic Platonist


Crates of Mallus

 Stoic


Crates of Thebes

 Cynic


Cratippus of Pergamon

 Peripatetic


Cratylus

 Ephesian


Crescens the Cynic

 Cynic


Crinis

 Stoic


Critolaus

 Peripatetic


Cronius

 Neopythagorean


Damascius
 born c. 458, died after 538
 Neoplatonic


Damis

 Neopythagorean


Damo

 Pythagorean


Dardanus of Athens

 Stoic


Demetrius Lacon

 Epicurean


Demetrius Phalereus

 Peripatetic


Demetrius of Amphipolis
 fl. 4th century BC
 Academic Platonist


Demetrius the Cynic

 Cynic


Democrates

 Pythagorean?


Democritus

 Presocratic, Atomist


Demonax

 Cynic


Dexippus
 fl. 350
 Neoplatonic


Diagoras of Melos

 Sophist


Dicaearchus

 Peripatetic


Dio Chrysostom

 Sophist


Diocles of Cnidus
 fl. 3rd or 2nd century BC?
 Academic Platonist


Diodorus Cronus

 Megarian


Diodorus of Adramyttium
 fl. 1st century BC
 Academic skeptic


Diodorus of Aspendus

 Pythagorean


Diodorus of Tyre

 Peripatetic


Diodotus

 Stoic


Diogenes of Apollonia

 Presocratic


Diogenes of Babylon

 Stoic


Diogenes of Oenoanda

 Epicurean


Diogenes of Seleucia

 Epicurean


Diogenes of Sinope

 Cynic


Diogenes of Tarsus

 Epicurean


Dionysius of Chalcedon

 Megarian


Dionysius of Cyrene

 Stoic


Dionysius of Lamptrai

 Epicurean


Dionysius the Renegade

 Stoic


Dio of Alexandria
 fl. 1st century BC
 Academic skeptic


Diotima of Mantinea




Diotimus

 Stoic


Domninus of Larissa
 c. 420  c. 480
 Neoplatonic


Echecrates

 Pythagorean


Ecphantus

 Pythagorean


Empedocles

 Presocratic, Pluralist


Epicharmus of Kos

 Pythagorean


Epictetus

 Stoic
 wrote The Enchiridon, a handbook of Stoic ethical advice

Epicurus

 Epicurean
 said that the purpose of philosophy was to attain tranquility characterized by ataraxia

Eubulides

 Megarian


Euclid of Megara

 Megarian


Eudemus of Rhodes

 Peripatetic


Eudorus of Alexandria

 Peripatetic


Eudoxus of Cnidus
 410/408 BC – 355/347 BC
 Academic Platonist


Euenus

 Sophist


Euphantus

 Megarian


Euphraeus




Euphrates

 Stoic


Eurytus

 Pythagorean


Eusebius of Myndus
 fl. 4th century
 Neoplatonic


Eustathius of Cappadocia
 c. 400
 Neoplatonic


Evander
 fl. c. 215  c. 205
 Academic skeptic


Favorinus

 Sophist


Gaius the Platonist
 fl. 2nd century
 Middle Platonist


Geminus

 Stoic


Gorgias

 Sophist


Hagnon of Tarsus
 fl. 2nd century BC
 Academic skeptic


Hecataeus of Abdera

 Pyrrhonist


Hecato of Rhodes

 Stoic


Hegesias of Cyrene

 Cyrenaic


Hegesinus of Pergamon
 fl. c. 160 BC
 Academic skeptic


Hegias
 fl. c. 500
 Neoplatonic


Heliodorus of Alexandria
 fl. 5th century
 Neoplatonic


Heraclides Lembus




Heraclides Ponticus
 387 BC  312 BC
 Academic Platonist


Heraclitus

 Presocratic, Ephesian
 claimed that "You cannot step in the same river twice" and "All is fire."

Heraclius

 Cynic


Herillus of Carthage

 Stoic


Hermagoras of Amphipolis

 Stoic


Hermarchus

 Epicurean


Hermias
 born c. 410  died c. 450
 Neoplatonic


Herminus

 Peripatetic


Hermippus of Smyrna

 Peripatetic


Hermotimus of Clazomenae




Hicetas

 Pythagorean


Hierius
 fl c. 500
 Neoplatonic


Hierocles of Alexandria
 fl. c. 430
 Neoplatonic


Hierocles (Stoic)

 Stoic


Hieronymus of Rhodes

 Peripatetic


Himerius

 Sophist


Hipparchia of Maroneia

 Cynic


Hippasus

 Pythagorean


Hippias

 Sophist


Hippo

 Presocratic


Horus

 Cynic


Hypatia of Alexandria
 born 350370 – 415
 Neoplatonic


Iamblichus
 c. 245c. 325
 Neoplatonic


Ichthyas

 Megarian


Idomeneus of Lampsacus

 Epicurean


Ion of Chios

 Pythagorean


Isidore of Alexandria
 fl. c. 475
 Neoplatonic


Jason of Nysa

 Stoic


Lacydes of Cyrene
 before 241  c. 205 BC
 Academic skeptic


Leonteus of Lampsacus

 Epicurean


Leontion

 Epicurean


Leucippus

 Presocratic, Atomist


Lyco of Iasos

 Pythagorean


Lyco of Troas

 Peripatetic


Lycophron

 Sophist


Lysis of Taras

 Pythagorean


Marinus of Neapolis
 born c. 450
 Neoplatonic


Maximus of Ephesus
 died 372
 Neoplatonic


Maximus of Tyre
 fl. 2nd century
 Middle Platonist


Meleager of Gadara

 Cynic


Melissus of Samos

 Presocratic, Eleatic


Menedemus

 Eretrian


Menedemus of Pyrrha
 fl. c. 350 BC
 Academic Platonist


Menedemus the Cynic

 Cynic


Menippus

 Cynic


Metrocles

 Cynic


Metrodorus of Athens




Metrodorus of Chios

 Atomist


Metrodorus of Cos

 Pythagorean


Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the elder)

 Presocratic


Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the younger)

 Epicurean


Metrodorus of Stratonicea
 fl. 2nd century BC
 Academic skeptic


Mnesarchus of Athens

 Stoic


Moderatus of Gades

 Neopythagorean


Monimus

 Cynic


Myia

 Pythagorean


Nausiphanes

 Atomist


Nicarete of Megara

 Megarian


Nicolaus of Damascus




Nicomachus

 Neopythagorean


Nicomachus (son of Aristotle)

 Peripatetic


Numenius of Apamea
 fl. c. 275
 Neopythagorean


Nymphidianus of Smyrna
 fl. c. 360
 Neoplatonic


Ocellus Lucanus

 Pythagorean


Oenomaus of Gadara

 Cynic


Olympiodorus the Elder

 Peripatetic


Olympiodorus the Younger
 c. 495570
 Neoplatonic


Onasander
 fl. 1st century
 Middle Platonist


Onatas

 Pythagorean


Origen the Pagan
 fl. c. 250
 Middle Platonist


Panaetius

 Stoic


Pancrates of Athens

 Cynicism


Panthoides

 Megarian


Parmenides of Elea

 Presocratic, Eleatic
 held that the only thing that exists is being itself; teacher of Zeno of Elea

Pasicles of Thebes

 Megarian


Patro the Epicurean

 Epicurean


Peregrinus Proteus

 Cynicism


Persaeus

 Stoic


Phaedo of Elis

 Socratic, School of Elis


Phaedrus

 Epicurean


Phanias of Eresus

 Peripatetic


Phanto of Phlius

 Pythagorean


Philip of Opus
 fl. 4th century BC
 Academic


Philiscus of Aegina

 Cynicism


Philiscus of Thessaly

 Sophist


Philo
 20 BC  50 AD
 Middle Platonist


Philo of Larissa
 159/158 BC – 84/83 BC
 Academic skeptic


Philo the Dialectician

 Megarian


Philodemus

 Epicurean


Philolaus

 Pythagorean


Philonides of Laodicea

 Epicurean


Philostratus

 Sophist


Phintys

 Pythagorean


Plato
 428/427 BC  348/347 BC
 Academic
 student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle; famous for the Theory of Forms

Plotinus
 c. 204 – 270
 Neoplatonic


Plutarch
 c. 46 – 120
 Middle Platonist


Plutarch of Athens
 c. 350 – 430
 Neoplatonic


Polemarchus




Polemon of Athens

 Stoic


Polemon of Laodicea

 Sophist


Polemon
 before 314 BC  270/269 BC
 Academic


Polus




Polyaenus of Lampsacus

 Epicurean


Polystratus

 Epicurean


Porphyry
 234 – c. 305
 Neoplatonic
 taught by Plotinus; wrote the Isagoge, an introduction to Aristotle's "Categories",

Posidonius

 Stoic


Potamo of Alexandria

 Eclecticism


Praxiphanes

 Peripatetic


Priscian of Lydia
 fl. c. 550
 Neoplatonic


Priscus of Epirus
 c. 305c. 395
 Neoplatonic


Proclus
 412 – 485
 Neoplatonic


Proclus Mallotes

 Stoic


Prodicus

 Sophist


Protagoras

 Sophist


PtolemyelGarib

 Peripatetic


Pyrrho

 Pyrrhonist
 credited as being the first skeptic philosopher

Pythagoras

 Pythagorean


Sallustius

 Neoplatonic


Sallustius of Emesa

 Cynicism


Satyrus

 Peripatetic


Secundus the Silent

 Cynicism


Sextus of Chaeronea

 Stoic


Simmias of Thebes

 Pythagorean


Simon the Shoemaker

 Socratic


Simplicius of Cilicia
 c. 490  c. 560
 Neoplatonic


Siro

 Epicurean


Socrates

 Socratic
 founding figure of Western philosophy; died by drinking the hemlock

Sopater of Apamea
 died before 337
 Neoplatonic


Sosigenes

 Peripatetic


Sosipatra
 fl. c. 325
 Neoplatonic


Sotion

 Neopythagorean


Speusippus
 c. 407 BC – 339 BC
 Academic


Sphaerus

 Stoic


Stilpo

 Megarian


Strato of Lampsacus

 Peripatetic


Syrianus
 died c. 437
 Neoplatonic


Telauges

 Pythagorean


Telecles of Phocis
 died 167/1666 BC
 Academic skeptic


Teles the Cynic

 Cynicism


Thales

 Presocratic, Milesian
 the first philosopher; held that the first principle is water

Theagenes of Patras

 Cynicism


Theano

 Pythagorean


Themista of Lampsacus

 Epicurean


Themistius

 Neoplatonic


Theodorus of Asine
 fl. 3rd century
 Neoplatonic


Theodorus the Atheist

 Cyrenaic


Theon of Smyrna

 Neopythagorean


Theophrastus

 Peripatetic


Thrasymachus

 Sophist


Thrasymachus of Corinth

 Megarian


Timaeus of Locri

 Pythagorean


Timaeus the Sophist
 fl. between 1st and 4th centuries
 Middle Platonist


Timon

 Pyrrhonist


Timycha

 Pythagorean


Tisias

 Sophist


Xenarchus of Seleucia

 Peripatetic


Xeniades

 Pyrrhonist


Xenocrates
 c. 396 BC – 314 BC
 Academic


Xenophanes of Colophon

 Presocratic, Eleatic
 claimed that, if oxen were able to imagine gods, those gods would be in the image of oxen

Xenophilus

 Pythagorean
 friend and teacher of Aristoxenus

Zenobius

 Sophist


Zenodotus
 fl. c. 475
 Neoplatonic
 described as "the darling of Proclus"

Zeno of Citium

 Stoic
 founder of the Stoic school of philosophy

Zeno of Elea

 Presocratic, Eleatic
 famous creator of Zeno's paradoxes

Zeno of Sidon

 Epicurean
 sometimes termed the "leading Epicurean"

Zeno of Tarsus

 Stoic

