List of ancient Greek philosophers  

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This list of ancient Greek philosophers contains philosophers who studied in ancient Greece or spoke Greek. Ancient Greek philosophy began in Miletus with the pre-Socratic philosopher Thales and lasted through Late Antiquity. Some of the most famous and influential philosophers of all time were from the ancient Greek world, including Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.

Name Life School Notes
Acrion fifth / fourth century BC Pythagorean visited by Plato
Adrastus of Aphrodisias second century AD Peripatetic wrote commentaries on Aristotle's works and a commentary on Plato's Timmeus
Aedesia fifth century AD Neoplatonic wife of Hermias, and mother of Ammonius and Heliodorus
Aedesius third / fourth century AD Neoplatonic studied under Iamblichus before founding his own school in Pergamum
Aeneas of Gaza fifth / sixth century AD Neoplatonic a Christian convert who studied under Hierocles
Aenesidemus first century BC? Pyrrhonist wrote a book called Pyrrhonist Discourses which became a central text for the skeptics
Aesara fifth / fourth century BC Pythagorean
Aeschines of Neapolis second / first century BC Academic skeptic
Aeschines of Sphettus fifth / fourth century BC Socratic part of Socrates' circle and likely present at his death
Aetius fourth century AD Peripatetic Antiochean convert to Christianity who studied in Alexandria
Agapius fifth / sixth century AD Neoplatonic studied under Marinus of Neapolis. know for his learning
Agathobulus first / second century AD Cynicism Known for his severe asceticism and teacher of Demonax
Agathosthenes
Agrippa the Skeptic first / second century AD Pyrrhonist thought to be the creator of the "five grounds of doubt"
Albinus second century AD Middle Platonist
Alcinous second century AD? Middle Platonist
Alcmaeon of Croton sixth / fifth century BC Pythagorean interested in medicine
Alexamenus of Teos fifth century BC? Socratic may have been the first to write philosophical dialogues
Alexander of Aegae first century AD Peripatetic school tutored the emperor Nero
Alexander of Aphrodisias second / third century AD Peripatetic school influential commentator on the Corpus Aristotelicum
Alexicrates first / second century AD Pythagorean
Alexinus fourth / third century BC Megarian founded his own school which did not fare well
Amelius third century AD Neoplatonic student of Plotinus who wrote voluminously
Ammonius Hermiae fifth / sixth century AD Neoplatonic
Ammonius of Athens first century AD Middle Platonist teacher of Plutarch
Ammonius Saccas second / third century AD Neoplatonic Plotinus' teacher
Anaxagoras fifth century BC Pluralist
Anaxarchus fourth century BC Atomism
Anaxilaus first century BC / first century AD Pythagorean
Anaximander seventh / sixth century BC Milesian
Anaximenes of Miletus sixth century BC Milesian
Androcydes second century BC? Pythagorean
Andronicus of Rhodes first century BC Peripatetic
Anniceris fourth / third century BC Cyrenaic
Antiochus of Ascalon second / first century BC Middle Platonist
Antipater of Cyrene fourth century BC Cyrenaic
Antipater of Tarsus second century BC Stoic
Antipater of Tyre first century BC Stoic
Antisthenes fifth / fourth century BC Cynic
Antoninus fourth century AD Neoplatonic
Apollodorus second century BC Stoic
Apollodorus of Seleucia second century BC Stoic
Apollodorus the Epicurean second century BC Epicurean
Apollonius Cronus fourth century BC Megarian
Apollonius of Tyana first century AD Neopythagorean
Apollonius of Tyre first century BC Stoic
Arcesilaus fourth / third century BC Academic skeptic
Archedemus of Tarsus second century BC Stoic
Archelaus fifth century BC Pluralist
Archytas fifth / fourth century BC Pythagorean
Arete of Cyrene fourth century BC Cyrenaic
Arignote sixth / fifth century BC Pythagorean
Aristippus fifth / fourth century BC Cyrenaic
Aristippus the Younger fourth century BC Cyrenaic
Aristoclea fl. 6th century BC
Aristocles of Messene first century AD? Peripatetic
Aristocreon third / second century BC Stoic
Aristo of Alexandria second /first century BC Peripatetic
Aristo of Ceos third / second century BC Peripatetic
Aristo of Chios fourth / third century BC Stoic
Aristotle fourth century BC Peripatetic founder of Peripatetic school
Aristotle of Cyrene fourth / third century BC Cyrenaic
Aristotle of Mytilene second century AD Peripatetic
Aristoxenus fourth century BC Peripatetic
Arius Didymus first century BC Stoic
Asclepiades of Phlius fourth / third century BC Eretrian
Asclepiades the Cynic fourth century AD Cynicism
Asclepigenia fifth / sixth century AD Neoplatonic
Asclepiodotus first century BC
Asclepiodotus of Alexandria fifth century AD Neoplatonic
Aspasius second century AD Peripatetic
Athenaeus of Seleucia first century BC Peripatetic
Athenodoros Cananites first century BC Stoic
Athenodoros Cordylion second /first century BC Stoic
Athenodorus of Soli third century BC Stoic
Attalus first century BC / first century AD Stoic
Atticus second century AD Middle Platonist
Basilides (Stoic) 2nd century BC Stoic Denied the existence of incorporeal entities
Basilides the Epicurean Third/second century BC Epicurean Succeeded Dionysius of Lamptrai as the head of the Epicurean school at Athens
Batis of Lampsacus Third century BC Epicurean
Bion of Borysthenes Fourth/third century BC Cynic Once was a slave, later to be released
Boethus of Sidon 1st century BC Peripatetic
Boethus of Sidon (Stoic) 2nd century BC Stoic
Bolus of Mendes Pythagorean
Brontinus Pythagorean
Bryson of Achaea Megarian
Calliphon Peripatetic
Calliphon of Croton Pythagorean
Callistratus Sophist
Carneades c. 214 BC – 129/8 BC Academic skeptic
Carneiscus Epicurean
Cassius Longinus c. 213–273 Middle Platonist
Cebes Pythagorean
Celsus
Cercidas Cynic
Cercops Pythagorean
Chaerephon Socratic
Chamaeleon Peripatetic
Charmadas 164 BC - c. 95 BC Academic skeptic
Chrysanthius fl. 4th century Neoplatonic
Chrysippus Stoic
Cleanthes Stoic
Clearchus of Soli Peripatetic
Cleinias of Tarentum Pythagorean
Cleomedes Stoic
Cleomenes Cynic
Clinomachus Megarian
Clitomachus 187 BC - 109 BC Academic skeptic
Colotes Epicurean
Crantor born c. 350 BC Academic Platonist
Crates of Athens died 268-265 BC Academic Platonist
Crates of Mallus Stoic
Crates of Thebes Cynic
Cratippus of Pergamon Peripatetic
Cratylus Ephesian
Crescens the Cynic Cynic
Crinis Stoic
Critolaus Peripatetic
Cronius Neopythagorean
Damascius born c. 458, died after 538 Neoplatonic
Damis Neopythagorean
Damo Pythagorean
Dardanus of Athens Stoic
Demetrius Lacon Epicurean
Demetrius Phalereus Peripatetic
Demetrius of Amphipolis fl. 4th century BC Academic Platonist
Demetrius the Cynic Cynic
Democrates Pythagorean?
Democritus Presocratic, Atomist
Demonax Cynic
Dexippus fl. 350 Neoplatonic
Diagoras of Melos Sophist
Dicaearchus Peripatetic
Dio Chrysostom Sophist
Diocles of Cnidus fl. 3rd or 2nd century BC? Academic Platonist
Diodorus Cronus Megarian
Diodorus of Adramyttium fl. 1st century BC Academic skeptic
Diodorus of Aspendus Pythagorean
Diodorus of Tyre Peripatetic
Diodotus Stoic
Diogenes of Apollonia Presocratic
Diogenes of Babylon Stoic
Diogenes of Oenoanda Epicurean
Diogenes of Seleucia Epicurean
Diogenes of Sinope Cynic
Diogenes of Tarsus Epicurean
Dionysius of Chalcedon Megarian
Dionysius of Cyrene Stoic
Dionysius of Lamptrai Epicurean
Dionysius the Renegade Stoic
Dio of Alexandria fl. 1st century BC Academic skeptic
Diotima of Mantinea
Diotimus Stoic
Domninus of Larissa c. 420 - c. 480 Neoplatonic
Echecrates Pythagorean
Ecphantus Pythagorean
Empedocles Presocratic, Pluralist
Epicharmus of Kos Pythagorean
Epictetus Stoic wrote The Enchiridon, a handbook of Stoic ethical advice
Epicurus Epicurean said that the purpose of philosophy was to attain tranquility characterized by ataraxia
Eubulides Megarian
Euclid of Megara Megarian
Eudemus of Rhodes Peripatetic
Eudorus of Alexandria Peripatetic
Eudoxus of Cnidus 410/408 BC – 355/347 BC Academic Platonist
Euenus Sophist
Euphantus Megarian
Euphraeus
Euphrates Stoic
Eurytus Pythagorean
Eusebius of Myndus fl. 4th century Neoplatonic
Eustathius of Cappadocia c. 400 Neoplatonic
Evander fl. c. 215 - c. 205 Academic skeptic
Favorinus Sophist
Gaius the Platonist fl. 2nd century Middle Platonist
Geminus Stoic
Gorgias Sophist
Hagnon of Tarsus fl. 2nd century BC Academic skeptic
Hecataeus of Abdera Pyrrhonist
Hecato of Rhodes Stoic
Hegesias of Cyrene Cyrenaic
Hegesinus of Pergamon fl. c. 160 BC Academic skeptic
Hegias fl. c. 500 Neoplatonic
Heliodorus of Alexandria fl. 5th century Neoplatonic
Heraclides Lembus
Heraclides Ponticus 387 BC - 312 BC Academic Platonist
Heraclitus Presocratic, Ephesian claimed that "You cannot step in the same river twice" and "All is fire."
Heraclius Cynic
Herillus of Carthage Stoic
Hermagoras of Amphipolis Stoic
Hermarchus Epicurean
Hermias born c. 410 - died c. 450 Neoplatonic
Herminus Peripatetic
Hermippus of Smyrna Peripatetic
Hermotimus of Clazomenae
Hicetas Pythagorean
Hierius fl c. 500 Neoplatonic
Hierocles of Alexandria fl. c. 430 Neoplatonic
Hierocles (Stoic) Stoic
Hieronymus of Rhodes Peripatetic
Himerius Sophist
Hipparchia of Maroneia Cynic
Hippasus Pythagorean
Hippias Sophist
Hippo Presocratic
Horus Cynic
Hypatia of Alexandria born 350-370 – 415 Neoplatonic
Iamblichus c. 245-c. 325 Neoplatonic
Ichthyas Megarian
Idomeneus of Lampsacus Epicurean
Ion of Chios Pythagorean
Isidore of Alexandria fl. c. 475 Neoplatonic
Jason of Nysa Stoic
Lacydes of Cyrene before 241 - c. 205 BC Academic skeptic
Leonteus of Lampsacus Epicurean
Leontion Epicurean
Leucippus Presocratic, Atomist
Lyco of Iasos Pythagorean
Lyco of Troas Peripatetic
Lycophron Sophist
Lysis of Taras Pythagorean
Marinus of Neapolis born c. 450 Neoplatonic
Maximus of Ephesus died 372 Neoplatonic
Maximus of Tyre fl. 2nd century Middle Platonist
Meleager of Gadara Cynic
Melissus of Samos Presocratic, Eleatic
Menedemus Eretrian
Menedemus of Pyrrha fl. c. 350 BC Academic Platonist
Menedemus the Cynic Cynic
Menippus Cynic
Metrocles Cynic
Metrodorus of Athens
Metrodorus of Chios Atomist
Metrodorus of Cos Pythagorean
Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the elder) Presocratic
Metrodorus of Lampsacus (the younger) Epicurean
Metrodorus of Stratonicea fl. 2nd century BC Academic skeptic
Mnesarchus of Athens Stoic
Moderatus of Gades Neopythagorean
Monimus Cynic
Myia Pythagorean
Nausiphanes Atomist
Nicarete of Megara Megarian
Nicolaus of Damascus
Nicomachus Neopythagorean
Nicomachus (son of Aristotle) Peripatetic
Numenius of Apamea fl. c. 275 Neopythagorean
Nymphidianus of Smyrna fl. c. 360 Neoplatonic
Ocellus Lucanus Pythagorean
Oenomaus of Gadara Cynic
Olympiodorus the Elder Peripatetic
Olympiodorus the Younger c. 495-570 Neoplatonic
Onasander fl. 1st century Middle Platonist
Onatas Pythagorean
Origen the Pagan fl. c. 250 Middle Platonist
Panaetius Stoic
Pancrates of Athens Cynicism
Panthoides Megarian
Parmenides of Elea Presocratic, Eleatic held that the only thing that exists is being itself; teacher of Zeno of Elea
Pasicles of Thebes Megarian
Patro the Epicurean Epicurean
Peregrinus Proteus Cynicism
Persaeus Stoic
Phaedo of Elis Socratic, School of Elis
Phaedrus Epicurean
Phanias of Eresus Peripatetic
Phanto of Phlius Pythagorean
Philip of Opus fl. 4th century BC Academic
Philiscus of Aegina Cynicism
Philiscus of Thessaly Sophist
Philo 20 BC - 50 AD Middle Platonist
Philo of Larissa 159/158 BC – 84/83 BC Academic skeptic
Philo the Dialectician Megarian
Philodemus Epicurean
Philolaus Pythagorean
Philonides of Laodicea Epicurean
Philostratus Sophist
Phintys Pythagorean
Plato 428/427 BC - 348/347 BC Academic student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle; famous for the Theory of Forms
Plotinus c. 204 – 270 Neoplatonic
Plutarch c. 46 – 120 Middle Platonist
Plutarch of Athens c. 350 – 430 Neoplatonic
Polemarchus
Polemon of Athens Stoic
Polemon of Laodicea Sophist
Polemon before 314 BC - 270/269 BC Academic
Polus
Polyaenus of Lampsacus Epicurean
Polystratus Epicurean
Porphyry 234 – c. 305 Neoplatonic taught by Plotinus; wrote the Isagoge, an introduction to Aristotle's "Categories",
Posidonius Stoic
Potamo of Alexandria Eclecticism
Praxiphanes Peripatetic
Priscian of Lydia fl. c. 550 Neoplatonic
Priscus of Epirus c. 305-c. 395 Neoplatonic
Proclus 412 – 485 Neoplatonic
Proclus Mallotes Stoic
Prodicus Sophist
Protagoras Sophist
Ptolemy-el-Garib Peripatetic
Pyrrho Pyrrhonist credited as being the first skeptic philosopher
Pythagoras Pythagorean
Sallustius Neoplatonic
Sallustius of Emesa Cynicism
Satyrus Peripatetic
Secundus the Silent Cynicism
Sextus of Chaeronea Stoic
Simmias of Thebes Pythagorean
Simon the Shoemaker Socratic
Simplicius of Cilicia c. 490 - c. 560 Neoplatonic
Siro Epicurean
Socrates Socratic founding figure of Western philosophy; died by drinking the hemlock
Sopater of Apamea died before 337 Neoplatonic
Sosigenes Peripatetic
Sosipatra fl. c. 325 Neoplatonic
Sotion Neopythagorean
Speusippus c. 407 BC – 339 BC Academic
Sphaerus Stoic
Stilpo Megarian
Strato of Lampsacus Peripatetic
Syrianus died c. 437 Neoplatonic
Telauges Pythagorean
Telecles of Phocis died 167/1666 BC Academic skeptic
Teles the Cynic Cynicism
Thales Presocratic, Milesian the first philosopher; held that the first principle is water
Theagenes of Patras Cynicism
Theano Pythagorean
Themista of Lampsacus Epicurean
Themistius Neoplatonic
Theodorus of Asine fl. 3rd century Neoplatonic
Theodorus the Atheist Cyrenaic
Theon of Smyrna Neopythagorean
Theophrastus Peripatetic
Thrasymachus Sophist
Thrasymachus of Corinth Megarian
Timaeus of Locri Pythagorean
Timaeus the Sophist fl. between 1st and 4th centuries Middle Platonist
Timon Pyrrhonist
Timycha Pythagorean
Tisias Sophist
Xenarchus of Seleucia Peripatetic
Xeniades Pyrrhonist
Xenocrates c. 396 BC – 314 BC Academic
Xenophanes of Colophon Presocratic, Eleatic claimed that, if oxen were able to imagine gods, those gods would be in the image of oxen
Xenophilus Pythagorean friend and teacher of Aristoxenus
Zenobius Sophist
Zenodotus fl. c. 475 Neoplatonic described as "the darling of Proclus"
Zeno of Citium Stoic founder of the Stoic school of philosophy
Zeno of Elea Presocratic, Eleatic famous creator of Zeno's paradoxes
Zeno of Sidon Epicurean sometimes termed the "leading Epicurean"
Zeno of Tarsus Stoic

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