List of ancient great powers  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

In an ancient context, recognized great powers came about first in Europe during the post-Napoleonic era. The formalization of the division between small powers and great powers came about with the signing of the Treaty of Chaumont in 1814. A great power is a nation or state that, through its great economic, political and military strength, is able to exert power and influence over not only its own region of the world, but beyond to others.

The historical terms "Great Nation", a distinguished aggregate of people inhabiting a particular country or territory, and "Great Empire", a considerable group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, are colloquial; their use is seen in ordinary historical conversations (historical jargon).


1 Ancient Near East

1.1 Carthaginian Empire 1.2 Ancient Egypt 1.3 Sumer and Akkad 1.4 Mitanni 1.5 Babylonia 1.6 Assyria 1.7 Hittite Empire 1.8 Phoenicia 1.9 Ancient Persia (Iran) 1.9.1 Elam 1.9.2 Median Empire 1.9.3 Achaemenid Empire 1.9.4 Parthian Empire 1.9.5 Sassanid Empire

2 Ancient sub-Saharan Africa

2.1 Kerma 2.2 Kush 2.3 Macrobia 2.4 Aksumite Empire

3 Ancient India

3.1 Indus 3.2 Nanda Empire 3.3 Maurya Empire 3.4 Shunga Empire 3.5 Chola Empire 3.6 Gupta Empire

4 Ancient China

4.1 Shang Kingdom 4.2 Zhou Kingdom 4.3 Qin Empire 4.4 Han Empire 4.5 Jin Empire

5 Ancient Europe

5.1 Athens 5.2 Sparta 5.3 Macedonia 5.4 Hellenistic States 5.5 Seleucid Empire 5.6 Ptolemaic Empire 5.7 Roman Empire

6 Ancient Eurasian Steppe

6.1 Scythia 6.2 Sarmatia 6.3 Xiongnu 6.4 Hunnic Empire

See also

General topics
History of warfare
Political science
Power in international relations, Expansionism (List of examples of expansionism)
General Lists
List of largest empires, List of countries spanning more than one continent, List of historical countries and empires spanning more than one continent

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "List of ancient great powers" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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