List of existentialists  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Existentialism is a movement within Continental philosophy that developed in the late-19th and 20th centuries. As a loose philosophical school, some persons associated with Existentialism explicitly rejected the label (e.g. Martin Heidegger), and others are not remembered primarily as philosophers, but as writers (Fyodor Dostoyevsky) or theologians (Paul Tillich). It is related to several movements within Continental philosophy including Phenomenology, Nihilism, and Post-modernism.

Name Lived Nationality Occupation Notes
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – September 9, 1990 Italy Philosopher Also associated with Neopositivism
Template:Sortname<ref name="murchland">Template:Citation</ref> Template:Dts – December 4, 1975 Germany Philosopher Also associated with Phenomenology, associate of Heidegger
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – July 25, 2002 Egypt Philosopher
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – March 18, 2008 United States Philosopher, author Translated Sartre into English
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – December 10, 1968 Switzerland Theologian Founder of Neo-Orthodoxy
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – March 25, 1948 Russia Theologian, philosopher Christian Existentialist
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – September 12, 1977 South Africa Activist
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – June 13, 1965 Germany Theologian Worked with Rosenzweig
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – July 30, 1976 Germany Theologian
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – January 28, 1972 Italy Author Also associated with magical realism
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – January 4, 1960 France Philosopher, author Founded Les Temps modernes with de Beauvoir and Sartre
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – April 21, 1866 United Kingdom Essayist Wife of Thomas Carlyle
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – February 5, 1881 United Kingdom Author, historian Husband of Jane Welsh Carlyle
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – June 20, 1995 Romania Philosopher, essayist Also associated with Pessimism
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – April 14, 1986 France Philosopher, anthropologist Founded Les Temps modernes with de Beauvoir and Sartre, carried on long-term collaboration with the latter
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – United States Philosopher, playwright, cultural critic Author of Inwardness and Existence: Subjectivity in/and Hegel, Heidegger, Marx and Freud
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – February 9, 1881 Russia Novelist Foundational figure of Existentialism
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – October 16, 1988 United States Philosopher Also associated with Phenomenology, co-founded the Society for Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy with Wild and James M. Edie
Template:Sortname<ref name="marino">Template:Citation</ref> Template:Dts – April 16, 1994 United States Novelist Wrote Invisible Man, associate of Wright
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – December 6, 1961 France (Martinique), Algeria Philosopher, anthropologist, psychiatrist Also associated with Marxism
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – November 17, 1991 Czechoslovakia Philosopher Also associated with Phenomenology
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – October 2 or 3, 1944 Romania Author, poet, film director
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – October 20, 1894 United Kingdom Historian
Template:Sortname Template:Dts–1994 Lithuania Philosopher Christian Existentialist
Template:Sortname Template:Dts–present United States Philosopher Also associated with Africana philosophy, Black Existentialism, and Phenomenology
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – May 26, 1976 Germany Philosopher Also associated with Phenomenology and Hermeneutics, associate of Arendt, rejected the label of "Existentialist"
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – April 26, 1938 Austria, Germany Philosopher Founder of Phenomenology
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – March 15, 1940 Romania Philosopher, mathematician
Template:Sortname<ref name="murchland" /> Template:Dts – August 26, 1910 United States Philosopher, psychologist Foundational figure of Pragmatism
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – February 26, 1969 Germany Philosopher Also associated with Neo-Kantianism
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – June 3, 1924 Austria–Hungary Novelist Foundational figure of Existentialism
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – September 4, 1980 United States Philosopher Translated Buber and Nietzsche into English
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – November 11, 1855 Denmark Theologian, philosopher, author Foundational figure of Existentialism, Christian Existentialist
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – April 19, 1928 Czechoslovakia Philosopher, novelist Also associated with Subjective idealism
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – December 25, 1995 France Philosopher, theologian Studied with Heidegger and Husserl
Template:Sortname Template:Dts–present United States Philosopher
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – May 28, 2007 United Kingdom Theologian Christian Existentialist
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – October 7, 1944 Lithuania Poet
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – October 8, 1973 France Theologian, philosopher Christian Existentialist
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – May 3, 1961 France Philosopher Also associated with Phenomenology, associate of de Beauvoir and Sartre
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – August 25, 1900 Germany Philosopher Foundational figure of Existentialism, also associated with Nihilism
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – October 18, 1955 Spain Philosopher Also associated with Perspectivism, Pragmatism, Vitalism, and Historicism
Template:Sortname Template:Dts–1969 Ukraine Novelist, anthropologist
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – December 10, 1929 Germany Theologian, philosopher Worked with Buber
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – April 15, 1980 France Philosopher, novelist, activist Also associated with Marxism, co-founded Les Temps modernes with de Beauvoir and Camus
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – April 1, 1992 Palestine Politician, philosopher
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – November 19, 1938 Russia, France Philosopher Also associated with Irrationalism
Template:Sortname Template:Dts–1993 United States Rabbi
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – October 22, 1965 United States, Germany Theologian, philosopher Christian Existentialist
Template:Sortname Template:Dts–1978 South Africa Philosopher Also associated with Marxism, studied with Sartre
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – December 31, 1936 Spain Novelist, essayist, dramatist, philosopher
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – October 23, 1972 United States Philosopher Originally associated with Empiricism, Realism, and Pragmatism; later associated with Phenomenology; co-founded the Society for Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy with Earle and James M. Edie
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – present United Kingdom Author Wrote The Outsider
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – November 28, 1960 United States Author Associated with Black Existentialism, associate of Ellison
Template:Sortname Template:Dts – October 12, 1990 Norway Philosopher Founded biosophy

Pre-Existentialist philosophers

Several thinkers who lived prior to the rise of Existentialism have been retroactively considered proto-Existentialists for their approach to philosophy and lifestyle.

Name Lived Nationality Occupation Notes
Augustine of Hippo<ref name="murchland" /><ref name="earnshaw">Template:Citation</ref> Template:Dts – August 28, 430 Algeria Theologian At various times associated with Neoplatonism, Doctor of the Church
Mulla Sadra Template:Dts–1636 Persia Philosopher Islamic philosopher associated with Illuminationism and transcendent theosophy
Template:Sortname<ref name="earnshaw" /> Template:Dts – August 19, 1662 France Philosopher, theologian
Template:Sortname<ref name="murchland" /> Template:Dts – July 2, 1778 Switzerland Philosopher Foundational figure of Liberalism and social contract theory
Socrates<ref name="murchland" /> Template:Sort Greece Philosopher Foundational figure of Western philosophy
Stoics<ref name="murchland" /> Template:Sort Greece Philosophical school influenced by Socrates through Plato
Template:Sortname<ref name="murchland" /> Template:Dts – May 6, 1862 United States Author, poet Foundational figure of Transcendentalism




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