From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

"And ready-witted Prometheus he bound with inextricable bonds, cruel chains, and drove a shaft through his middle, and set on him a long-winged eagle, which used to eat his immortal liver; but by night the liver grew as much again everyway as the long-winged bird devoured in the whole day."-- Theogony by Hesiod, Hugh G. Evelyn-White translation

The winged dog of Zeus, the tawny eagle,
Shall make thy flesh but a great rag to tear.
To ravin piecemeal, constant to his hour,
A guest unbidden, steadfast all day long.
Gorging thy liver, banquet black and rich.

--Prometheus Bound, Edwyn Bevan translation

Related e



The liver is a vital organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. It has a wide range of functions, including detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. The liver is necessary for survival; there is currently no way to compensate for the absence of liver function long term, although liver dialysis can be used short term.

This organ plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. It lies below the diaphragm in the abdominal-pelvic region of the abdomen. It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion via the emulsification of lipids. The liver's highly specialized tissues regulate a wide variety of high-volume biochemical reactions, including the synthesis and breakdown of small and complex molecules, many of which are necessary for normal vital functions.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Liver" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools