Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Louis Philippe Joseph d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans (Louis Philippe Joseph d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans) (Château de Saint-Cloud, France, 13 April 1747, – Paris, 6 November 1793), was a member of a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon, the ruling dynasty of France. He actively supported the French Revolution and adopted the name Philippe Égalité, but was nonetheless guillotined during the Reign of Terror.

His son Louis-Philippe became King of the French after the July Revolution of 1830. Following his career, the term Orléanist came to be attached to the movement in France that favoured constitutional monarchy.

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