Marcel Broodthaers  

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Marcel Broodthaers (January 28 1924January 28 1976) was a Belgian poet, filmmaker and artist with a highly literate and often witty approach to creating art works.

He is known for such works as Casserole and Closed Mussels.

He was born in Brussels, Belgium, where he was associated with the Groupe Surréaliste-revolutionaire from 1945 and dabbled in journalism, film, and poetry. In 1964, he performed the symbolic act of embedding fifty copies of a book of his poems in plaster, creating his first art object. He worked principally with assemblies of found objects and collage, often containing written texts.

His most noted work was an installation in his Brussels house which he called Musée d'Art Moderne, Départment des Aigles (1968). This installation was followed by a further eleven manifestations of the 'museum', including at the Düsseldorf Kunsthalle for an exhibition in 1970 and at documenta 5 in Kassel in 1972. For such works he is associated with the late 20th century global spread of both installation art, as well as "institutional critique," in which interrelationships between artworks, the artist, and the museum are a focus.

Broodthaers died in Cologne, Germany on his 52nd birthday.

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