From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Events, art and culture
- 1616 – Nicolaus Copernicus's book, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium is banned by the Catholic Church
- 1933 – Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party receives 43.9% at the Reichstag elections. This later allows the Nazis to pass the Enabling Act and establish a dictatorship.
- 1940 – Joseph Stalin, signs an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, known also as the Katyn massacre.
- 1946 – Winston Churchill coins the phrase "Iron Curtain" in a speech at Westminster College, Missouri.
- 1960 – Cuban photographer Alberto Korda takes his iconic photograph of Marxist revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara.
- 1696 - Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Italian painter (d. 1770)
- 1830 - Étienne-Jules Marey, French scientist and chronophotographer (d. 1904)
- 1870 - Frank Norris, American writer (d. 1902)
- 1871 - Rosa Luxemburg, Socialist revolutionary (d. 1919)
- 1921 - Vampira, Finnish American actress (d. 2008)
- 1922 - Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian writer and film director (d. 1975)
- 1925 - Jacques Vergès, French lawyer and anti-colonialist (d. 2013)
- 1942 - Mike Resnick, American science fiction author
- 1944 - Peter Weibel, Russian-born artist and curator
- 1948 - Eddy Grant, Guyana-born singer
- 1957 - Mark E. Smith, English singer (The Fall)
- 1960 - David Tibet, English musician (Current 93)
- 1969 - MC Solaar, French rapper
- 1534 - Antonio da Correggio, Italian painter (b. 1489)
- 1644 - Ferrante Pallavicino, Italian writer (La retorica delle puttane) (b. 1618)
- 1815 - Franz Mesmer, Austrian developer of hypnotism (b. 1734)
- 1893 - Hippolyte Taine, French historian (b. 1828
- 1944 - Max Jacob, French poet and writer (b. 1876)
- 1953 - Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer, (b. 1891)
- 1953 - Joseph Stalin, Georgian leader of the Soviet Union (b. 1879)
- 1982 - John Belushi, American actor (b. 1949)
- 1984 - Gérard Lebovici, French film producerand patron to Guy Debord (b. 1932)