Master race  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The master race (German: die Herrenrasse, das Herrenvolk) was a concept in Nazi ideology, which holds that the Aryan Races (including the Nordic peoples), one of the branches of what in the late 19th and early 20th century was called the Aryan race, represent an ideal and "pure race". It derives from 19th century racial theory, which posited a hierarchy of races placing Aboriginal Australians and "African savages" at the bottom of the hierarchy while Northern Europeans (Germans, Swedes, Icelanders, Norwegians, Danish, English and Dutch) at the top, and Southern Europeans (Spanish, French, Italian, and Portugese) somewhere in the middle.

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