From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1871 - The Paris Commune falls.
- 1956 - Composer Karlheinz Stockhausen premieres his piece Gesang der Jünglinge in Cologne.
- 1964 - The first Paris Festival of Free Expression ends after 5 days.
- 1968 - Beggin' by Timebox released.
- 1814 - Mikhail Bakunin, Russian anarchist (d. 1876)
- 1859 - Pierre Janet, pioneering French psychiatrist (d.1947)
- 1896 - Howard Hawks, American film director much admired by the French Nouvelle Vague (d. 1977)
- 1926 - Christine Jorgensen, American transsexual activist (d. 1989)
- 1928 - Agnès Varda, French director
- 1939 - Roberto Raviola, Italian comic book artist (d. 1996)
- 1942 - Gene Youngblood, American new media theorist.
- 1947 - Orlan, French contemporary transgressive artist.
- 1981 - Devendra Banhart, American singer and songwriter
- 1431 - Joan of Arc, French peasant girl that joined the French royal army, heroine and saint (burned at the stake) (b. 1412)
- 1593 - Christopher Marlowe, English playwright (b. 1564)
- 1640 - Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (b. 1577)
- 1770 - François Boucher, French painter (b. 1703)
- 1778 - Voltaire, French philosopher and author (b. 1694)
- 1993 - Sun Ra, American musician (b. 1914)
- 2006 - Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director (b. 1926)