From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
- 1494 – Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Jamaica and claims it for Spain.
- 1891 – The Music Hall in New York City (now known as Carnegie Hall) has its grand opening and first public performance, with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky as the guest conductor.
- 1920 – Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti arrested for alleged robbery and murder.
- 1921 – Coco Chanel introduces Chanel No. 5
- 1925 – Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes served an arrest warrant for teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.
- 1941 – Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; date since commemorated as Liberation Day.
- 1800 – Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (d. 1864)
- 1813 – Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (d. 1855)
- 1818 – Karl Marx, German political philosopher (d. 1883)
- 1846 – Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1916)
- 1914 – Tyrone Power, American actor (d. 1958)
- 1935 – Bernard Pivot, French journalist and television host
- 1936 – Patrick Gowers, British composer
- 1942 – Tammy Wynette, American musician (d. 1998)
- 1944 – Jean-Pierre Léaud, French actor
- 1949 - David Toop, English musician and author
- 1970 – Naomi Klein, Canadian author and activist
- 311 – Galerius, Roman Emperor
- 1821 – Napoleon I of France (b. 1769)
- 1900 – Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
- 1958 - James Branch Cabell, American writer of fantasy fiction and author of Jurgen, A Comedy of Justice
- 1982 - Cal Tjader, American Latin jazz musician
- 1992 – Jean-Claude Pascal, French singer (b. 1927)
- 2004 - Sir Coxsone Dodd, Jamaican record producer and owner of Studio One
- 2004 - David Reimer, sex change patient in a famous gender identity case