Medical illustrator  

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This page Medical illustrator is part of the medicine series.Illustration: The Flayed Angel (1746), anatomical drawing by Jacques Gautier d'Agoty
This page Medical illustrator is part of the medicine series.
Illustration: The Flayed Angel (1746), anatomical drawing by Jacques Gautier d'Agoty

Related e



Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

A medical illustrator is a professional artist who interprets and creates visual material to help record and disseminate medical, biological and related knowledge. Medical illustrators not only produce such material but can also function as consultants and administrators within the field of biocommunication. A Certified Medical Illustrator continues to obtain extensive training in medicine, science, and art techniques throughout his or her career.

Medical illustrators create medical illustrations using traditional and digital techniques which can appear in medical textbooks, medical advertisements, professional journals, instructional videotapes and films, animations, computer-assisted learning programs, exhibits, lecture presentations, general magazines and television. Although most medical illustration is designed for print or presentation media, medical illustrators also work in three dimensions, creating anatomical teaching models, patient simulators and facial prosthetics.

List of works


Medical illustrations have been made for hundreds (or thousands) of years; many illuminated manuscripts and Arabic scholarly treatises of the medieval period contained illustrations representing various anatomical systems (circulatory, nervous, urogenital), pathologies, or treatment methodologies. Many of these illustrations can look odd to modern eyes, since they reflect early reliance on classical scholarship (especially Galen) rather than direct observation, and the representation of internal structures can be fanciful. An early high-water mark was the 1542 CE publication of Andreas Vesalius's De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septum, which contained more than 600 exquisite woodcut illustrations based on careful observation of human dissection.

Notable medical illustrators include Max Brödel and Dr. Frank H. Netter.

See also

history of anatomy, figure drawing, Leonardo da Vinci's anatomical drawings

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Medical illustrator" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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