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Innocence (1893) by William-Adolphe Bouguereau
Innocence (1893) by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

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A mother is the natural or social female parent of an offspring.


According to Jung, women are in danger of four kinds of mother-complex — maternal hypertrophy, Eros hypertrophy, identification with the mother or resistance to the mother — and all of these are the results of overconcentration on the female parent. The Eros hypertrophy, or `overdevelopment of Eros', Jung argues in Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious,

"... almost invariably leads to an unconscious incestuous relationship with the father ... Jealousy of the mother and the desire to outdo her become the leitmotifs of subsequent undertakings, which are often disastrous. A woman of this type loves romantic and sensational episodes for their own sake, and is interested in married men, less for themselves than for the fact that they are married and so give her an opportunity to wreck a marriage, that being the whole point of her manoeuvre. Once the goal is attained, her interest evaporates for lack of any maternal instinct, and then it will be someone else's turn."


  • Mommie Dearest (1978), a memoir and exposé written by Christina Crawford, the adopted daughter of actress Joan Crawford
  • All About My Mother (1999) a film by Pedro Almodovar
  • Y Tu Mamá También (2001), a 2001 Mexican drama film directed by Alfonso Cuarón
  • Ma mère (2004), a French film directed by Christophe Honoré after the eponymous novella by Georges Bataille

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Mother" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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