Near East  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

"OUT of an apparently world-wide, prehistoric, Neolithic base arose the great civilizations of ancient times. These we see in the Near East (in Egypt, the valley of the Tigris-Euphrates, and Persia); around the Mediterranean (in Crete, Greece, and westward to the Pillars of Hercules); in the Far East (in India, China, and Japan); and in the Americas (in Middle, South, and North America). " --Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1926) by Helen Gardner

Related e



Near East today is an ambiguous term that covers different countries for archeologists and historians, on one hand, and for political scientists, economists, and journalists, on the other. The term originally applied to the Balkan states in Southeast Europe, but now it generally describes the countries of Southwest Asia between the Mediterranean and Iran, especially in historical contexts. The term "near east" is still used in intellectual circles though the terms "mideast" or "middle east" are popular in the prolific U.S. media.

The term as used by Western archaeologists, geographers, and historians refers to the region encompassing Anatolia (the Asian portion of modern Turkey), the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian territories), Mesopotamia (Iraq) and Transcaucasia (Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan). In modern political and journalistic contexts, this region is usually subsumed into the wider Middle East while the terms Near East or Southwest Asia are preferred in archaeological, geographic, historical and population genetic contexts.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Near East" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools