November Group (German)  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The November Group (German: Novembergruppe) was a group of German expressionist artists and architects. Formed on 3 December 1918, they took their name from the month of the Weimar Revolution.

The group was led by Max Pechstein and César Klein. Linked less by their styles of art than by shared socialist values, the group campaigned for radical artists to have a greater say in such issues as the organisation of art schools, and new laws around the arts. The group merged in December 1918 with Arbeitsrat für Kunst (Wokers council of the arts - or 'The Art Soviet').

Gründungsmitglieder

Bruno Beye, César Klein, Moritz Melzer, Max Pechstein, und Wilhelm Schmid

Mitglieder

Unter den durchschnittlich 120 Mitgliedern waren Lou Albert-Lasard (1918-1928), Herbert Behrens-Hangeler (1921-1933), Rudolf Belling, Hans Brass (1918/1923), Max Butting (1922 Leiter der Musiksektion), Carel Willink, Heinrich Maria Davringhausen, Walter Dexel (1923), Hanns Eisler, Conrad Felixmüller, Lyonel Feininger (1918), Otto Freundlich (1918), Paul Goesch, Otto Griebel (1924), Karl Jakob Hirsch, César Klein, El Lissitzky, Ewald Mataré (1918), Carlo Mense (1919), Hilla von Rebay, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Otto Möller, Paul Schmolling, Artur Segal, Rudolf Schlichter (ab 1919), Wilhelm Schmid (1918), Heinrich Stegemann (ab 1919), Georg Tappert, Bruno Taut, Heinz Tiessen, Gert Wollheim, Stefan Wolpe, Walter Kampmann, aber z. B. auch der Bauhausschüler Niko Wassiliew und der Maler-Musiker Walter Spies und viele andere bekannte Künstler, Architekten, Schriftsteller und Komponisten.





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