Orchestration  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for an orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble) or of adapting for an orchestra music composed for another medium. Only gradually over the course of music history did orchestration come to be regarded as a compositional art in itself.

Historically significant orchestration texts

  • Michael Praetorius (1619): Syntagma musicum volume two, De Organographia.
  • Valentin Roeser (1764): Essai de l'instruction à l'usage de ceux, qui composent pour la clarinet et le cor.
  • Hector Berlioz (1844), revised in 1905 by Richard Strauss: Grand traité d’instrumentation et d’orchestration modernes (Treatise on Instrumentation).
  • François-Auguste Gevaert (1863): Traité general d’instrumentation.
  • Charles-Marie Widor (1904) : Technique de l’orchestre moderne (Manual of Practical Instrumentation).
  • Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov (1912): Основы оркестровки (Principles of Orchestration).
  • Cecil Forsyth (1914): Orchestration.
  • Alfredo Casella: (1950) La Tecnica dell'Orchestra Contemporanea.
  • Charles Koechlin (1954–9): Traité de l'Orchestration (4 vols).
  • Walter Piston (1955): Orchestration.
  • Samuel Adler (1982, 1989, 2002): The Study of Orchestration.
  • Nelson Riddle (1985): Arranged by Nelson Riddle
  • Alfred Blatter (1997) : Instrumentation and Orchestration (Second edition).

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Orchestration" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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