Organic unity  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

In literature, Organic unity is a concept founded by the philosopher, Plato. The structure in itself, started to take rudimentary form through certain works by Plato including The Republic, Phaedrus and Gorgias. Organic unity lacked a true definitive role or theme in literary history until the principle was adopted by Aristotle. Aristotle’s writings all maintained respective, metaphoric reflections of organic unity. In Aristotle’s Poetics, organic unity is described by how writing relies internally on narration and drama to remain cohesive to one another, not separate entities. Without balance on both sides, the whole concept suffers. The main theme of organic unity relies on a free spirited style of writing and by following any guidelines or genre-based habits, the true nature of a work becomes stifled and unreliable on an artistic plane.

The concept of organic unity gained popularity through the New Critics movement. Cleanth Brooks played an integral role in modernizing the organic unity principle. In a study based around the poem, The Well Wrought Urn. Brooks relayed the importance of a work’s ability to flow and maintain a theme so that the work can only gain momentum, from beginning to end. Organic unity is the common thread keeps a theme from becoming broken and disjointed as a work moves forward.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Organic unity" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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