Outline of self  

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"To be stupid, and selfish, and to have good health are the three requirements for happiness; though if stupidity is lacking, the others are useless" [...] --G. Flaubert

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The self is the individual person, from his or her own perspective. To you, self is you. To someone else, self is that person.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the self:


Essence of oneself

Main articles: Self (philosophy), Self (psychology), Self (sociology) and Self (spirituality)

Self constructs

Stages of life

1. Infancy
2. Childhood
3. Adolescence
4. Adulthood
5. Middle age
6. Old age

Major life events

1. Birth
2. Primary school
3. Graduation
4. Coming of age
5. Employment
6. Marriage
7. Parenthood
8. Retirement
9. Death

Individual rights

Main articles: Human rights, Individual rights, and Security of person

Much of the western world values the concept of individual rights. These rights vary from culture to culture, and by very definition, from person to person, and appear mainly in individualist societies.

In such cultures, it is generally considered that you have:

  • security rights that protect people against crimes such as murder, massacre, torture and rape
  • bodily and property rights which encompass "ownership" of your own body and choosing what to do with it, as well as the fruits of the labour that spring forth from using your own body. ("Every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has a right to, but himself," per John Locke, Second Treatise on Civil Government)
  • liberty rights of the Classical era that protect freedoms in areas such as belief and religion, association, assembling, movement, and other self-determination (as an individual person), privacy from government and others, and freedoms from other paternalist meddling generally, whether by governments or others; also encompasses security, bodily and property, political, and due process rights, many group rights, some welfare rights, and (especially outside of the USA in the Classical era) equality rights, as all of those categories appear in this list
  • political rights that protect the liberty to participate in politics by expressing themselves, protesting, voting and serving in public office
  • due process rights that protect against abuses of the legal system such as imprisonment without trial, secret trials and excessive punishments; often overlaps with the bodily rights, listed above
  • equality rights that guarantee equal citizenship, equality before the law and nondiscrimination in regards to one's eligibilty for all of the other rights in this list
  • welfare rights (also known as economic or social rights) that require the provision of education and protections against severe poverty and starvation; generally an expansion of positive liberties
  • group rights that provide protection for groups against ethnic genocide, and self-determination (as a group) and the ownership by countries of their national territories and resources; may overlap with the bodily and property rights, and Social equality rights, listed above

Personality traits

Main articles: Big Five personality traits and Trait theory

Personal values


See the list at Virtue#Virtues and values



Self management

Self-preservation and self-maintenance

Personal concepts

Harmful traits and practices

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Outline of self" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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