From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
This page Paranormal is part of the mysticism series. Illustration to the Speculum Sophicum Rhodostauroticum (1618) by Teophilus Schweighardt Constantiens
This page Paranormal is part of the mysticism series.
Illustration to the Speculum Sophicum Rhodostauroticum (1618) by Teophilus Schweighardt Constantiens
 This page Paranormal is part of the supernatural series Illustration: Henri Robin and a Specter, 1863 by Eugène Thiébault
This page Paranormal is part of the supernatural series
Illustration: Henri Robin and a Specter, 1863 by Eugène Thiébault

Related e



Paranormal is a general term that describes unusual experiences that lack a scientific explanation, or phenomena alleged to be outside of science's current ability to explain or measure. In parapsychology, it is used to describe the potentially psychic phenomena of telepathy, extra-sensory perception, psychokinesis, ghosts, and hauntings. The term is also applied to UFOs, some creatures that fall under the scope of cryptozoology, purported phenomena surrounding the Bermuda Triangle, and other non-psychic subjects. Stories relating to paranormal phenomena are found in popular culture and folklore, but the scientific community contends that scientific evidence does not support paranormal beliefs.

Paranormal research: the anecdotal approach

An anecdotal approach to the paranormal involves the collection of stories told about the paranormal.

Charles Fort (1874–1932) is perhaps the best-known collector of paranormal anecdotes. Fort is said to have compiled as many as 40,000 notes on unexplained paranormal experiences, though there were no doubt many more. These notes came from what he called "the orthodox conventionality of Science", which were odd events originally reported in magazines and newspapers such as The Times and scientific journals such as Scientific American, Nature and Science. From this research Fort wrote seven books, though only four survive: The Book of the Damned (1919), New Lands (1923), Lo! (1931) and Wild Talents (1932); one book was written between New Lands and Lo!, but it was abandoned and absorbed into Lo!

Reported events that he collected include teleportation (a term Fort is generally credited with coining); poltergeist events; falls of frogs, fishes, and inorganic materials of an amazing range; crop circles; unaccountable noises and explosions; spontaneous fires; levitation; ball lightning (a term explicitly used by Fort); unidentified flying objects; mysterious appearances and disappearances; giant wheels of light in the oceans; and animals found outside their normal ranges (see phantom cat). He offered many reports of OOPArts, the abbreviation for "out of place" artifacts: strange items found in unlikely locations. He is perhaps the first person to explain strange human appearances and disappearances by the hypothesis of alien abduction and was an early proponent of the extraterrestrial hypothesis.

Fort is considered by many as the father of modern paranormalism, which is the study of the paranormal.

The magazine Fortean Times continues Charles Fort's approach, regularly reporting anecdotal accounts of the paranormal.

Such anecdotal collections, lacking the reproducibility of empirical evidence, are not amenable to scientific investigation. The anecdotal approach is not a scientific approach to the paranormal because it leaves verification dependent on the credibility of the party presenting the evidence. Nevertheless, it is a common approach to investigating paranormal phenomena.

Linking to Charles Fort in 2022

11:11 (numerology), 1874, 1947 flying disc craze, 1950s in film, 2012 Saudi Arabia mass trespasses, A Course in Miracles, A Return to Love, A. W. Underwood, Achilles Daunt, Albany Rural Cemetery, Alien abduction claimants, Alien abduction entities, Allan Kardec, Ambrose Bierce, -ana, Analog Science Fiction and Fact, Ancient astronauts, Annabelle (doll), Anomalistics, Anomalous experiences, Anomaly, Anthony William, Apparitional experience, Apport (paranormal), Archives for UFO Research, Ariel School UFO incident, Association for the Scientific Study of Anomalous Phenomena, Astral projection, Astrology, Aura (paranormal), Automatic writing, Ballroom of the Skies, Beast of Bray Road, Bell Witch, Benjamin Bathurst (diplomat), Bermuda Triangle, Bhoot (ghost), Bilocation, Black-eyed children, Blood Oath (Farnsworth novel), Blood rain, Cantab (magazine), Carmine Mirabelli, Carroll A. Deering, Cash–Landrum incident, Cattle mutilation, Cedric Allingham, Char Margolis, Charles Frederick Holder, Charles, Charlie Charlie challenge, Chico Xavier, Chip Coffey, Chupacabra, Clairvoyance, Clapham Wood, Close encounter, Coincidence, Cold reading, Contactee, Cousin Silas, Craig Hamilton-Parker, Crawfordsville monster, Crop circle, Cryptozoology, Damon Knight bibliography, Dark They Were and Golden Eyed (bookshop), Dashboard (song), Daughter of Darkness (novel), David Clarke (journalist), Deb Webber, Demonology, Devil's Footprints, Disappearance of Ambrose Small, Disappearance of Dorothy Arnold, Divaldo Pereira Franco, Divination, Dorchester Pot, Doris Stokes, Doug Skinner, Dowsing, Draft:Werebear, Dreadful Sanctuary, Dybbuk box, Earth mysteries, Ectoplasm (paranormal), Ed and Lorraine Warren, Edgar Cayce, Electronic voice phenomenon, Energy (esotericism), Enfield poltergeist, Eric Frank Russell, Esther Hicks, Etzel Cardeña, Eurípedes Barsanulfo, Extrasensory perception, Extraterrestrial hypothesis, Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science, Family Constellations, Fasting girl, Fate (magazine), Fear of ghosts, Fiji mermaid, Fishmonger, Flatwoods monster, Fort (surname), Fort Charles, Fort: Prophet of the Unexplained, Fortean Bureau, Fortean Society, Fortean Times, Fortean TV, Fortune-telling, Fouke Monster, Frank Edwards (writer and broadcaster), Frederick Russell Burnham, Futility Closet, Geist, Geoff Holder, Gerard Croiset, Ghost Adventures, Ghost hunting, Ghost, Gina Marks, Going, Going, Gone (novel), Gordon Rennie, Grey alien, Guardian of the Threshold, H. G. Wells, Hammerverse, Haunted house, History of alien abduction claims, History of Sonora, Hollow Earth, Horace Liveright, Hot reading, Ian Stevenson, In Search of Wonder, Indigo children, Inedia, Ingo Swann, International Fortean Organization, Irqah Hospital, Ivan Mackerle, Ivan T. Sanderson, James Shelby Downard, James Van Praagh, Janet Lee (psychic), Jeane Dixon, Jeanette Wilson, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Jim Steinmeyer, Jimmy Carter UFO incident, João Teixeira de Faria, Joe Power (psychic), John Edward, John Keel, John Michell (writer), Kelvin Cruickshank, Ken Campbell, Kentucky meat shower, Lady Wonder, Lance Sieveking, Law of attraction (New Thought), Levitation (paranormal), Linda and Terry Jamison, Lionel Fanthorpe, List of Ace miscellaneous letter-series single titles, List of Ace miscellaneous numeric-series single titles, List of Ace single volumes, List of Ace titles in H series, List of Ace titles in K series, List of Ace titles in numeric series, List of alleged extraterrestrial beings, List of channelers (mediumship), List of cryptids, List of Dutch Americans, List of eponymous adjectives in English, List of eponyms (A–K), List of esoteric healing articles, List of ghosts, List of Liberty ships (A–F), List of New Age topics, List of occultists, List of paranormal magazines, List of past Minicons, List of prizes for evidence of the paranormal, List of reported UFO sightings, List of reportedly haunted locations in Japan, List of reportedly haunted locations in New Zealand, List of reportedly haunted locations in the United States, List of reportedly haunted locations, List of unproduced Dark Horse Comics projects, Livity (spiritual concept), Lizard Man of Scape Ore Swamp, Lo!, Loch Ness Monster, Loren Coleman, Mad Gasser of Mattoon, Magic (supernatural), Magnolia (film), Magonia, Mana, Marcello Truzzi, Marfa lights, Martin Gardner, Mary Celeste, Matt Fraser (psychic), Maurice Renard, May 1932, May 3, Mayanism, Medical oddity, Mediumship, Mega-City One, Mel's Hole, Methods of divination, Miami Psychic, Michael A. Hoffman II, Michael Morrissey (writer), Michigan Dogman, Miracle, Miriam Allen deFord, Miss Cleo, Momo the Monster, Monica the Medium, Mothman, Mount Diablo, Mutual UFO Network, Mysterious universe, Mystery airship, Narrative of the abduction phenomenon, Necronauts, New Lands, Nibiru cataclysm, Nocturnal Emissions, Nostradamus, November 1882 geomagnetic storm, Occult, Operation Trojan Horse (book), Optical phenomena, Ouija, Ourang Medan, Outlands (magazine), Out-of-place artifact, Paranormal fiction, Paranormal television, Paranormal, Parapsychology, Patterson–Gimlin film, Pet psychic, Peter Hurkos, Phantom kangaroo, Philadelphia Experiment, Planète (magazine), Poltergeist, Precognition, Preternatural, Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research Lab, Prophet, Pseudoscience, Psionics, Psychic archaeology, Psychic detective, Psychic Friends Network, Psychic reading, Psychic Readings Live, Psychic surgery, Psychic, Psychogeography, Psychokinesis, Psychometry (paranormal), Pyrokinesis, Qi, R. DeWitt Miller, Raymond A. Palmer, Reiki, Reincarnation, Remote viewing, Reportedly haunted locations in the District of Columbia, Reptilian conspiracy theory, Richard Sharpe Shaver, Robert (doll), Robert Anton Wilson, Robert Barbour Johnson, Robert Damon Schneck, Rosemary Altea, Rupert Gould, Russell Targ, Sally Morgan (psychic), Sam Shearon, Sandobele, Saved by the Light, Scrying, Séance, Shadow person, Silver Bridge, Sinister Barrier, Skunk ape, Society for Psychical Research, Spirit (vital essence), Spirit photography, Spirit possession, Spiritism (book), Spiritism, Spontaneous human combustion, Spring-heeled Jack, SS Cotopaxi, Stan Romanek, Star jelly, Stargate Project, Strange Universe, Supernatural, Superstition, Suzane Northrop, Sylvia Browne, Synchronicity, T. Peter Park, Table-turning, Taiwanese superstitions, Tales of Pain and Wonder, Talking animal, Tarot card reading, Telepathy, Teleportation, The Afterlife Experiments, The Amityville Horror, The Atlantic Paranormal Society, The Best American Poetry 2000, The Best American Poetry 2003, The Big Book Of, The Book of the Damned (Tanith Lee), The Book of the Damned, The Colour Out of Space, The Ghost Club, The Goop Lab, The Morning of the Magicians, The Mothman Prophecies (film), The Power (self-help book), The Unexplained (magazine), The Whisperer in Darkness (film), Therapeutic touch, Theresa Caputo, Thomas John (medium), Tiffany Thayer, To Charles Fort, with Love, Tulli Papyrus, Tyler Henry, UFO Magazine, Urban legend, Uri Geller, Vampire, Vector 13, Vernon Harrison, Vincent Gaddis, Virgin New Adventures, W. Raymond Drake, Waitoreke, Werewolf, Wild Talents (book), William R. Corliss, Winchester Mystery House, Xavier Review, Yaqui River, Yeti (Doctor Who), Yeti, Zener cards

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Paranormal" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools