Parnassus (Mengs)  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Parnassus[1] (1761) in the Villa Albani (now Villa Torlonia), Rome by Anton Raphael Mengs is a famous ceiling painting. It is an example of the Neoclassical reaction against Baroque illusionism, and is generally regarded as the first neoclassical painting.

The Italian art collector Alessandro Albani (1692 -1779), the German scholar Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717 - 1768) and the German painter Anton Raphael Mengs (1728-79) collaborated to produce the first Neoclassical painting, the ceiling fresco Parnassus at the Villa Albani.

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