Parthenon  

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The Acropolis of Athens (1846) by Leo von Klenze, the Parthenon can be seen on top of the hill.
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The Acropolis of Athens (1846) by Leo von Klenze, the Parthenon can be seen on top of the hill.

"Today, for the first time after many centuries of barbarism, Your Majesty has again set this high fortress back on the path of civilization and renown, on the path of Themistocles, Aristides, Cimon and Pericles, and this will and must be perceived in the eyes of the world as a symbol of the blessed period of Your Majesty’s government and of that which you have decided for this rocky stronghold. The traces of a barbaric age, its rubble and formless debris, will disappear here as everywhere in Hellas, and the remnants of a glorious past will arise in new splendor as the surest stanchion of a glorious present and future."[1] --Leo von Klenze in a speech addressed to Otto of Greece in 1834

 This page Parthenon is part of the Ancient Greece series.   Photo: North-Western face of the Parthenon, said to be taken by H. Beck in 1872
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This page Parthenon is part of the Ancient Greece series.
Photo: North-Western face of the Parthenon, said to be taken by H. Beck in 1872

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Parthenon is a temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the maiden goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Its construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the height of its power. It was completed in 438 BC, although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the culmination of the development of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy, western civilization and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. The Greek Ministry of Culture is currently carrying out a program of selective restoration and reconstruction to ensure the stability of the partially ruined structure.

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