Paul Lacroix  

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"In spite of a long list of respectable names which might be cited, we have in truth no bibliographers who dare measure themselves besides such giants as Quérard, Barbier, J. C. Brunet, or even as Peignot, Nodier, or Le Bibliophile Jacob (M. Paul Lacroix)."--Index Librorum Prohibitorum (1877) by Ashbee

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Paul Lacroix (April 27, 1806 - October 16, 1884), French author and journalist, was born in Paris, the son of a novelist. He wrote La vérité sur les deux Procès criminels du marquis de Sade.

He is best known under his pseudonym of P.L. Jacob, bibliophile, or Bibliophile Jacob, suggested by the constant interest he took in public libraries and books generally. Lacroix was an extremely prolific and varied writer. Over twenty historical romances alone came from his pen, and he also wrote a variety of serious historical works, including a history of Napoleon III, and the life and times of the Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.

He was the joint author with Ferdinand Séré of a five-volume work, Le moyen âge et la renaissance (1847), a work on the manners, customs and dress of those times, the chief merit of which lies in the great number of illustrations it contains. It was translated as Manners, Customs, and Dress During the Middle Ages, and During the Renaissance Period.

Over the signature Pierre Dufour was published an exhaustive Histoire de la prostitution (1851-1854), which has always been attributed to Lacroix. His works on bibliography were also extremely numerous. In 1885 he was appointed librarian of the Arsenal Library, Paris.

He married Apolline Biffe on 7 May 1834. She lived with Paul Lacroix's collaborator, art collector Théophile Thoré-Bürger, for more than a decade until his death.

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