Phallic processions  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Phallic processions, or Penis Parade, originally called phallika in the Ancient Greece, were a common feature of Dionysiac celebrations; they were ceremonial group walkings that advanced to a cult center, and were characterized by obscenities and verbal abuse. Among the "obscenities", a common one was the display of the fetishized phallus.

Aristotle, in a famous passage of the Poetics, formulated the hypothesis that comedy originated from "those who lead off the phallic processions", which were still common in many towns at his time.

The city of Tyrnavos in Greece holds an annual Phallus festival, a traditional phallcloric event on the first days of Lent.

In August 2000, to promote a representation of Aristophanes' The Clouds, a traditional Greek phallic procession had been organized, with a Template:Convert long phallus paraded by the cast with the accompaniment of Balkan music; the phallic device was banned by the staff of the Edinburgh Festival.

Similar parades of Shinto origin have long been carried out in Japan. Although the practice has been mostly eradicated in Japan through the urgings of Western values, a few Kanamara Matsuri ("phallic parades") continue to this day.

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