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Presbyter (Greek πρεσβύτερος, presbuteros: "elder", or "priest" in Christian usage) in the New Testament refers to a leader in local Christian congregations, then often not clearly distinguished from episkopos, presbyter referring to ordinary elders and episkopos referring exclusively to the office of bishop. In modern usage, it is thus distinct from bishop and synonymous with priest. In mainline Protestant usage, the term is however not seen as referring to a member of the priesthood and terms such as minister, pastor and elder are used.

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