Psychopathology (Edward Kempf)  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Psychopathology is a book by Edward Kempf.

Contents


Contents[1]

CHAPTER I PAGE

THE PHYSIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE PERSONALITY 20

The Autonomic Apparatus, 21; The Projicient Apparatus, 21; Peripheral Origin of Cravings (emotions, wishes, sentiments) in Different Segments of the Autonomic Apparatus, 21; Mechanism of Postural Tensions, 21; The In- fluence of the Autonomic-Affective Cravings on Postural Tensions and Kin- aesthetic Sensations, 22 ; The Mechanism of Conflict between Segmental Cravings and between Segmental Cravings and the Ego, 28; The Value of the Projicient Apparatus to the Autonomic Apparatus, 29; The Nature of Consciousness and the Content of Consciousness, 31; The Conditioning of Autonomic-Affective Cravings, 36; Substitutions of Symbols, Fetiches, Im- ages, Delusions, Hallucinations for Eealities "Which Are Needed to Gratify Uncontrollable Cravings or Relieve Fear, 39 ; The Affect and the Use or Dis- use of Organs, Anaesthesia and Hyperaesthesia of Receptors, 49 ; The Phys- iological Nature of Memory, 49 ; Complex Nature of the Autonomic-Affective Stream, 52; The Development of the Ego, 52; Mechanism of the "Trans- ference," 56; Origin and Nature of the Will, 57; Affective Adjustments, Suppression, Eepression, Summation, Dissociation, Regression, Compensation, Readjustment, Assimilation, Sublimation, 61; Psychopathic Eliminations or Simulations, 69 ; Formula of the Affective Conflict, the Environment and Behavior, 74.

CHAPTER II

THE PSYCHOLOGY OF THE FAMILY 76

The Conditioned Autonomic-Affective Cravings of the Individual and the In- fluence of his Associates, 76; His Associates and Environmental Situations as Compound Stimuli, 77; The Insidious Repressive Influence of Parents and Associates Who tend to Repress their Own Cravings, 80; The Psychopath and the Influence of Associates, 80; The Judge and His Son, 82; The Rus- sian Peasant Girl, 83; The Letter of A Business Man about His Mother's Influence upon Himself and His Brothers and Sisters, 87; The Family's Re- sistance and Pernicious Regression and Dissociation of the Youth's Personal- ity, 88; Causes of Variations in Family Adjustments and Matings, 91; The Child that Binds the Mismated, 93; The Child that is Hated Unconsciously and the Matured, Brooding Psychopath, 93; The Wife's Disgust for Sexual Relations and Her Insidious Castration of the Husband, the Husband as a Homosexual Regressive, 94; The Foundation of the Oedipus and Electra Love Fixation in the Child Due to the Dissatisfied, Erotic, Clinging Parent, 102; The Homosexual Father and Parricidal Inspirations in His Matured Son as Biological Compulsions, 103; Competition for Social Esteem and the Serious Influence of Flirtatious, Flattering Parents and Teachers, 104; The Insidi-

ix


X CONTENTS

PAGE

ous Pathological Influence of Dominating the Child to Strive to be "First" and "Best," 112; The Despair of Relative Organic Inferiority, 112; Trans- mission of Familiar Functional Traits through the Conditioning Influence of Associates, 117.

CHAPTER III

THE UNIVERSAL STRUGGLE FOR VIRILITY, GOODNESS AND HAPPINESS 118

Definition of Virility, Goodness, Happiness, 118; The Biological Laws of the Struggle, 119; The Bisexual Attributes at Birth, 120; The Influence of As- sociates and the Development of Aggressive and Submissive Masculine Traits in Competition where Adequate and Inadequate Compensations Are Developed through Training in Childhood, 122 ; The Influence of the Unconscious Attitude of Others toward Superior and Inferior Organic and Functional Traits, 122; The Seven Stages of Evolution of the Sexual Functions, 123; The Precedence of Homosexual Interests to Heterosexual Interests in Man and the Inf rahuman Primate, 139; Marriages as Cures for Psychopathic and Painful Situations, 156 ; The Biological Struggles of Males and Females with Conventions and Perverse Resistances as Portrayed in Art and Myths, 165.

CHAPTER IV

INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC AND FUNCTIONAL INFERIORITIES UPON THE PERSONALITY . 179 Competition and Contrast of Organs and Functions, 179; The Necessity of Compensation for the Inferiority, 180; Fear of Failure in Sexual Selection, 181; Failure and Avoiding Competition and Affective Regression, 183; Elim- ination of the Inferiority, 183; Castrations (Surgical and Functional) 184; Catatonic and Hebephrenic Adaptations, 184; Simulations and Eccentric Com- pensations (Paranoid), 184; The Influence of Hatred, 185.


CHAPTER V

MECHANISTIC CLASSIFICATION OF NEUROSES AND PSYCHOSES PRODUCED BY DIS- TORTION OF AUTONOMIC-AFFECTIVE FUNCTIONS 189

Necessity of Abandoning the Old Modified Kraepelinian System of Classifi- cation, 189; Advantages of a More Adaptable Simple Method, 192; Discus- sion of the New Method, 193; Table, 190.


CHAPTER VI

THE MECHANISM OF THE SUPPRESSION OR ANXIETY NEUROSES 201

Variations in Degree of Anxiety, 201; Symptoms of Anxiety and Spastic Tensions, 202 ; Anxiety and Sexual Impotence, 203 ; The Influence of Fear without Insight into the Cause, 203; Failures of Compensation, 205; The Anxiety Neurosis of Charles Darwin, 208; The Conditioning Factors in His Family that Determined His Professional Selections, 213; The Personal Sources of His Theory of Evolution, 241; The Wish to Hallucinate His Fa- ther, 244; The Anxiety Neurosis of a Scientist Which Later Developed Com- pensatory Paranoid Inspirations, 251; The Father's Repressive Rivalry and


CONTENTS XI

PAGE

the Autoerotic Mother Fixation in Youth as the Foundation of tin- Parricidal Compulsion, or Crucifixiul Psychosis, or the Sacrilicial Suicide after Maturity, 285.

CHAPTER VII

REPRESSION OK PSYCHONKUROSKS ; THEIR MECHANISMS AND KKLATION TO PSY- CHOSES DUE TO REPRESSED AUTONOMIC CI;AVI.\<;S 289

Differentiation of Anxiety or Suppression Neuroses from Repression Neu- roses, 289; Phobias, Compulsions, Obsessions, Delusions, Hallucinations, 2!>2: Elimination or Castration Strivings and Simulation Strivings, L'ii.'l ; Case of Mysophobia, 293; Case of Convulsions, Vomiting, Anesthesia, Visual Con- striction, Erythema and Itching, 297; Case of Functional Paralysis as a Cas- tration of Incestuous Autoeroticism, 318; Suicidal Compulsions as Castra- tion of Incestuous Autoeroticism, 322; Perverse Sexual Cravings and Suicidal Compulsions, 323; Case of Fear of "Dying" and Choking, and an Abdom- inal Tic Relating to Submissive Homosexual and Impregnation Cravings, 327; Simulations to Escape Responsibility, Case of Railroad Spine, 335; Simula- tions of Pregnancy and Labor Produced by the Dissociated Erotic Cravings, 335 ; Simulation of Diseases and Functional Distortion as Defenses against External Causes of Fear in Fearful Perverse Erotic Compulsions, 345; Rela- tion of Repression Neuroses to Dissociations of the Personality and- Affective Regressions, 352.

CHAPTER VIII

BENIGN COMPENSATION OR REGRESSION NEUROSES, WITH OR WITHOUT DISSOCIA- TION OF PERSONALITY, MANIC-DEPRESSIVE PSYCHOSES. ELIMINATION OR

SIMULATION FOR WISH-FULFILLMENT IN AFFECTIVE CRISES 353

Two General Types of Depression, With Anxiety or Without Anxiety, 353; Case of Prudish, Intelligent Woman Trying to Eliminate Uncontrollable Eroticism, .'Mo; the Autoerotic Significance of Skin and Hair or Scalp Rubbing, Picking, Scratching, Finger Biting, Rubbing Sputum in the Skin and Hair, Clothing or Furniture, Picking out Threads, as Extraneous Bits and Placing Them in the Mouth, 369; Oral-Gastric Erotic Cravings and Swallowing Sticks, Glass, Needles, Nails, Hair, etc., 377; Autoerotic Fancies and Their Fixation, 378; Depression Without Anxiety, as an Affective Regression to an Infantile or Intrauterine Level, 379; The Erotic Flight Followed by Renunciation of the Love-Object and Infantile Affective Regression, 379; The Mechanism of the Manic-Erotic Flight and the Unrestrained Incestuous Fantasy, 379; The Sub- limated Parental Attachment, 384; Case of Unrestrained Erotic Indulgence and Dissociation of the Personality, 385; The Ego's Gradual Kea^similation of the "Mysterious" Hallucinations as "Imaginations" (Meaning Wish- fulfilling Creations), 400; Case Organic Inferiorities and Erotic Fancies Re- vealing Mechanism of Compensation, 402; Manic Compensatory Striving as & Defense against Uncontrollable Eroticism, 407; The Double Value of the Symbols used and the P-ehavior, 410; Anal-Erotic Compulsions and the De- fense to Conceal Them in One Case and the Heedless Indulgence in Another, 418; Differentiation of the Attitude Toward the Erotic Compulsions by the Dread of, or Delight in Getting into Rapport with the Physician, 419.


Xll CONTENTS

PAGE CHAPTER IX

PERNICIOUS REPRESSION COMPENSATION NEUROSES. THE PSYCHOPATHOLOGY OF

PARANOIA 421

The Particular Nature of the Biological Inferiority and the Eccentric Com- pensatory Struggle to Develop Virility and Win Social Esteem, 421; Compe- tition and Contrast of Inferior Organs and Functions, 421 ; The Phylogenetic Foundations of the Dread of being Biologically Inferior, 421; Compensations for Sexual Impotence and Fear of becoming Homosexually Submissive, 422 ; Perpetual Motion Machines and Eccentric Inventions as Compensations, 423; Language Creations as a Defense and Self-aggrandizement, 431 ; The Poten- tial Dangerousness of the Paranoiac lies in his Fear of becoming Perverted and his Hatred of any Influence in that Direction, 435 ; The Domineering Fa- ther and Parricidal Inspirations, 439; The Resultant Affective Compulsions that Culminated in the Assassinations of Lincoln and Garfield, 440; The Mechanism of Dissociation of the Personality in the Paranoiac and His De- fense Without Deterioration, Differentiated from His Defense With Deterio- ration, 449; The Enduring Nature of the Final Dissociated Adjustment When the Individual Becomes Convinced that the Erotic Compulsions Are Caused by Secret Plots of Other People (Case PD-1), 450; Marriage as a Defensive Solution of Homosexual Compulsions, 457; The Paranoid Defense of Homo- sexual Compulsions in the Female, 472; The Relation of Paranoid Compensa- tions to Similar Compensations for Functional Inferiorities having an Organic Foundation But a Perverse Tendency, 473.

CHAPTER X

THE PSYCHOPATHOLOGY OF THE ACUTE HOMOSEXUAL PANIC. ACUTE PERNICIOUS

DISSOCIATION NEUROSES 477

Mechanism of the Homosexual Panic, 477; The Sensory Disturbances and Hallucinations Caused by the Uncontrollable Erotic Cravings Which Become Dissociated, 478 ; The Ego 's Desperate Defensive Striving and Terror of Eter- nal Disgrace and Biological Impotence, 478; The Significance of Delusions about " Poison" in the Food and Oral, Nursling Erotic Cravings, 480; The Erotic Cravings Compelling Impulsive Gratification after the Ego Has Lost Control, 480; Series of Cases Illustrating Homosexual Panics and Homosexual Submissions, 480; Symbolic Manner of Describing Difficulties, 482; Symbol- ism of the Hallucinated Snake, Poison, Dope, etc., 488 ; Paranoid Mechanism in Women, 507; "Freezing" Repressive Influence of the Female upon the Homosexual Male, 511; The Regressive (Intrauterine) Significance of Some Suicides, 511 ; The Prognosis of Homosexual Panics, 514.

CHAPTER XI

THE PSYCHOPATHOLOGY OF CHRONIC PERNICIOUS DISSOCIATION OF THE PERSONAL- ITY WITH DEFENSIVE HATRED, ECCENTRIC PARANOID COMPENSATIONS AND

PERNICIOUS DETERIORATION 516

The Reconstructive Influence of a Positive Transference in the Cases that Recover, 516; Cases of so-called Paranoid Dementia Prsecox, their Behavior, Fear, Defense, and Manners of Recovery, 518; The Paranoiac 's Vicious Cir- cle because of Blaming Others for his Inferiorities When the Cause of the Sensory Disturbances Lies in the Repressed Dissociated Cravings, 523; The Unadjustable Conflict When the Family Becomes Intimately Involved, 533;


CONTENTS Xlll

PAGE

The Sexual Fixation of the Male Paranoiac on the Mother and the Female on the Father, 551; The Significance of Crucifixion Tendencies in the Paranoiac in Contrast with the Overt Crucifixion in the Catatonic, 554.

CHAPTER XII

THE PSYCIIOPATIIOLOGY OF ClIRONIC PERNICIOUS DISSOCIATION OF THE PERSONAL- ITY WITH CRUCIFIXION AND CATATONIC ADAPTATIONS TO THE REPRESSED

CRAVINGS 556

Catatonic Adaptations in Animals and Man to Causes of Fear Associated with Sexual Excitation, 556; The Dissociated Sexual Cravings and the Cata- tonic 's Defensive Adjustment to Environmental Temptations but Submissive Enjoyment of the Erotic Fancies, Hallucinations, etc., 557: The Ego's Yield- ing Crucifixion to the Uncontrollable Affect, 557; Impregnation and Labor Fantasies, 563; Feelings of Dying and Rebirth, 563; The Significance of the Catatonic Male's and Female's Feelings of Being Crucified and Being ' ' Christ, ' ' 569 ; Christ as the Symbolization of Equally Active Bisexual Ten- dencies, 578; Variations of Adjustment, to the Erotic Pressure to Become a Love-Object, from Fanatical Compensations to Utterly Heedless Resignation, 590 ; A Case of Spontaneous, Unreserved Confession of Erotic Perverseness with Gradual Assimilation of the Repressed Cravings and a Practical Re- constitution, 605 ; The Essential Differences between Catatonic and Paranoid Adjustments to the Erotic Pressure and the Differences in the Conditioned Nature of the Erotic Pressure, 613.

CHAPTER XIII

THE PSYCHOPATHOLOGY OF ClIRONIC PERNICIOUS DISSOCIATION OF THE PERSONALITY WITH HEBEPHRENIC ADAPTATIONS PREDOMINANCE OF EXCRETORY EROTIC

INTERESTS 615

Paranoid, Catatonic and Hebephrenic Adaptations to Failure Determined by the Conditioned Nature of the Erotic Cravings, 615; Fascination for the Ex- cretions among Primitive Peoples, the Illiterate, and the Medical Profession of Yesterday, 615 ; Case of Persistent Affective Repression, Pernicious Regres- sion to the Intrauterine Level with Dissociation of the Personality, Panic and No Insight, Predominance of Excretory, Autoerotic Interests followed by Pro- gressive Reconstitution of the Personality through Psychoanalysis, 617; Influ- ence of the Positive Transference, 654; Episodic Anal Erotic Compulsions and Episodic Confusions of the Epileptoid Type, 661; Anal Eroticism and Cravings to Destroy, 662; Love of Filth and Waste in Anal Erotic, 662; Comparison with Mysophobic Compulsions in Attempts to Eliminate Anal Erotic Cravings, 662; Case of Insidious Development of Anal Eroticism and the Tendency to True Epileptic Orgasms, 684; Hebephrenic Self -Cures, 690; Hebephrenic Impregnation Fantasies, 691; An Anal Erotic Paranoiac with- out Deterioration, 691; Summary, 693.

CHAPTER XIV

RECONSIDERATION OF THE CONDITIONED AUTONOMIC AFFECTIVE DETERMINANTS OF

ABNORMAL VARIATIONS OF BEHAVIOR 698

The Forces of the Personality, 698; The Repressed Segmental Craving and the Symbol, Ritual, Fetich, Fancy, Fairy Tale, Novel, Psychosis, 704;


XIV CONTENTS

PAGE

Influence of Affective Cravings on Postural Tensions, 706; Differences in the Mechanisms of the Neuroses and Psychoses, 710; Determinants of the Prog- nosis of Affective Distortions, 71o; Symptoms of Affective Conflicts, 720.

CHAPTER ;\V

PSYCIIOTHERAPEUTIC PRINCIPLES 733

The Problem of the Ego and the Segmental Craving, 733; The Suggestive Method of Treatment, 733 ; The Psychoanalytic Method, 734 ; The Necessity of Restoring the Vigor of the Ego before Beginning a Psychoanalysis, 737; The Development and Control of the Transference, 738; The Absolute Necessity of Freedom of Association of Thought, 742 ; The Use of an Assistant in Psycho- analysis Avhen the Transference cannot be Controlled, 742 ; liesponsibility of Penal Institutions and Asylums, 743; Because of the Wholesale Erotic Per- versities that Must Occur Where Men or Women are Isolated and Discouraged from Again Winning Social Fitness and Freedom, 745; The Biological Cas- tration Tendency of Present American Social Practices, 746.


ILLUSTRATIONS

FIG. PAGE

1. Hygeia Frontispiece

2. African Phallic Wand :;<.i

3. Aztec Phallic Ceremonial Knife :;<.

4. Symbols of Sexual Union 40

5. Symbols of Sexual Union

A. Winged Phallus 42

B. Phallus Grasped by Crab 43

C. Maiden and Serpent 44

D. Copulation Design 45

E. Double Vase 46

F. Copulation Design 47

6. Symbolic Postures of Hands 48

7. Malm-Kali, Wife of the God Siva !).!

8. Egyptian God Phtha 97

9. Java Temple and Legend 100

10. Costa Rican Phallus as Diety 107

11. Pygmalion and Galatea Rodin 108

12. Courtesan Rodin 114

13. Martyr Rodin 115

14. In the Garden Brush 116

15. Costa Rican Copulation Fetich (Prehistoric) 125

16. Mars and Venus United by Love Veronese 126

17 (a) Two Natures of Man Barnard 137

(b) St. Michael, the Archangel Zurbaran 137

(c) Theseus Slaying Minotaur Barye 137

(d) Theseus Slaying Centaur Barye 137

18. Centaur and Cupid K'.s

19. Hercules and Omphale Boulanger 142

20. Eternal Spring Rodin 143

21. Lost Hour and Maternity Beveridge 1 l ( >

22. Caryatid Rodin 147

23 (a) The Storm Cot 148

(b) The Ring Alexander 148

24. Madonna of the Rose Dagnan-Bouveret 149

25. Mother Lewin-Funcke 150

26. Bacchante MacMonnies 151

27. Der Sphinx Von Stuck 153

28. Requiem from Pfister 160

29. Isle of the Dead Boecklin 101

30. Fetal Position of Egyptian Burial 163

31. Buddha 164

32. Ivory Coast African Copulation Fetich 167

33. Aztec God Phallic Border of the Robe 168

xv


XVI ILLUSTRATIONS

FIG. PAGE

34. Aegean Goddess, with Serpent Attributes . 169

35. Falling Leaves Merle 170

36. Graziella Lefebvre 371

37. Lachryma? Leighton 172

38. Eve Rodin ' 173

39. Eve 175

40. Simulation of Manhood 182

41-A. Spastic Distortion as Defense against Anal Erotic Cravings 347

41-B. Biting off Lips as Defense against Oral Erotic Cravings 351

42. Cupid and Psyche Rodin 354

43. Posture of Regression 355

44. Mother Earth as Madonna 363

45. La Pensee Rodin 371

46. Centauress Rodin 372

47. Captive Michelangelo 374

48. Hand of God Rodin 382

49. Die Hoffnung v. Bodenhausen 406

50. Inspired, Dissociated Paranoid Type with Purified Hands 413

51. " First Church Perpetual Motion" Patient 428

52. Cover of Magazine Erte 489

53. Desperate Striving to be Fiercely Masculine 552

54. Pieta Michelangelo 565

55. The Resurrection or Rebirth 567

56. Seal of Lichfield Cathedral 569

57. Window of Dumblane Abbey 569

58. The Vulva and its Symbol, the Ellipse 571

59. Imitation of Christ as a Biological Type 604

60. Catatonic as God 610

61. Leda and Swan Michelangelo 640

62. Fetal Posture of Negress 642

63. Regression to Early Childhood 655

64. Costa Rican Sculpture, Fetal Position (Prehistoric) 659

65. Hebephrenic Fetal Postures 660

66. Hebephrenic in Primitive Posture 661

67. Crochet Work Showing Preadolescent Incest Fantasy (A and B) 694

68. Regression to Infancy 696

69. Masculine Compensation in Homosexual Female 701

70. African Fetich Tree 705

71. Omnipotence as a Compensation for Impotence 706

72. Asylum Group 707

73. Characteristic Biological Result of Dissociated Oral Eroticism 708

74. Auto- and Anal-Erotic Catatonic Showing Posture of Hands 721

75. Autoerotic Joy 721

76. Autoerotic Terror 722

77. Prayer to be Saved from Oral Eroticism 722

78. Anal Erotic Joy .... 723

79. Anal Erotic Hate 723

80. Anal Erotic Terror 723

81. Oral Erotic Suppression 724

82. Adaptations to Anal Eroticism . 725


ILLUSTRATIONS Xvii

FIG. PAGE

83. Adaptations to Perverse Eroticism 726

84. Adaptations to Perverse Eroticism 7i'7

85. Castration of Eye as Defense :iu;iinst Auto Krnticism (Incestuous) .... 728

86. Contrite Virgin 728

87. Aesculapius 739


ILLUSTRATIONS ARRANGED ACCORDING TO THEIR AFFECTIVE OR SYMBOLIC SIGNIFICANCE

Phallic

2. African Phallic Wand :;'.)

3. Aztec Ceremonial Knife 39

10. Costa Rican Phallus as Deity 107

33. Aztec God Phallic Border of Eobe 168

34. Aegean Goddess, with Serpent Attributes 169

70. African Fetich Tree 7<M

Vulvar

56. Seal of Lichfield Cathedral 569

57. Window of Dumblane Abbey 569

58. The Vulva and Its Symbol, the Ellipse "71

Symbols of Sexual Union 1. Hygeia Frontispiece

4. Sexual Union 40

5. Sexual Union 42-47

6. Symbolic Postures of Hands 48

15. Costa Rican Copulation Fetich 125

16. Mars and Venus United by Love 126

32. African Ivory Coast Copulation Fetich 167

51. First Church Perpetual Motion 428

87. Aesculapius 739

Sexual Attachment to Parents or Children

9. Java Temple 100

11. Pygmalion and Galatea 108

27. Der Sphinx 153

54. Pieta 565

61. Leda and Swan 640

67. Crochet Work 694

Heterosexuality

12. Courtesan 114

13. Martyr 115

14. In the Garden 116

20. Eternal Spring 143

21. Lost Hour and Maternity I 46

22. Caryatid * 147

48. Hand of God 382

49. Die Hoffnung 406


XVI 11 ILLUSTRATIONS

FIG. ' PAGE

23. A. The Storm 148

B. The Ring 148

24. Madonna of the Rose 149

25. Mother 150

26. Bacchante 151

35. Falling Leaves 170

36. Graziella 171

37. Lachrymae 172

38. Eve 173

39. Eve 175

42. Cupid and Psyche 354

44. Mother Earth as Madonna . . . . , 363

Homosexuality

7. Maha-Kali 95

17. A. Two Natures of Man 137

B. St. Michael, the Archangel 137

C. Theseus Slaying Minotaur 137

D. Theseus Slaying Centaur 137

18. Centaur and Cupid 138

19. Hercules and Omphale 142

52. Cover of Magazine 552

72. Aslyum Group 707

73. Dissociated Oral Erotic Personality 708

74. Catatonic 721

77. Prayer to be Saved from Homosexuality 722

78. Anal Erotic Joy 723

79. Anal Erotic Hate 723

80. Anal Erotic Terror 723

81. Oral Erotic Suppression 724

82. Adaptations to Anal Eroticism 725,

83. 84. Further Adaptations to Perverse Eroticism 726-727

Autoeroticism

8. Egyptian God Phtha 97

31. Buddha 164

45. La Pensee 371

46. Centauress 372

47. Captive 374

75. Autoerotic Joy 721

76. Autoerotic Terror 722

Regressions

62. Fetal Posture of Negress 642

55. The Resurrection or Rebirth 567

63. Regression to Early Childhood 655

64. Costa Rican Sculpture, Fetal Position (Prehistoric) 659

65. Hebephrenic Fetal Postures 660

66. Hebephrenic in Primitive Posture 661

68. Regression to Infancy . 696


ILLUSTRATIONS XIX

FIG. J'A<;K

28. Requiem 160

29. Isle of the Dead . . l<;i

30. Fetal Posture of Egyptian Burial . If.:;

43. Posture of Regression .",.1.1

Compensations and Defenses

40. Simulation of Manhood 182

41. A. Spastic Distortion .",47

B. Destruction of Lips .'5.11

50. Purified Hands in Autoerotic -H.'!

53. Desperate Striving to be Fiercely Masculine 552

59. Imitation of Christ 604

6.0. Catatonic as God 610

69. Masculine Compensation in Homosexual Female 701

71. Omnipotence as a Compensation for Impotence 706

85. Castration as a Defense Against Eroticism 728

86. Contrite Virgin 728





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